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completed his DPhil at the University of Oxford where he served as Tutor in the Study of Religions in the Faculty of Theology. Presently, Dr Barsam is an Associate Research Professor at Arizona State University where he also serves as the Senior Director for Grants and Research in the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College. He has also held positions with the Armenian Foreign Ministry and the U.S. Embassy in Armenia. Dr Barsam has written numerous articles on theology and animals, including entries on ‘St Francis of Assisi’ and ‘Albert Schweitzer’ (with Andrew Linzey) in Fifty Key Thinkers on the Environment, edited by J. A. Palmer, (Routledge, 2001), and co-authored with Andrew Linzey, an entry on ‘Cloning of Animals in Genetic Research: Ethical and Religious Issues’ in David N. Cooper (Editor-in-chief) Nature Encyclopaedia of the Human Genome (London: Nature Publishing Group, 2003). His acclaimed book: Reverence for Life: Albert Schweitzer’s Great Contribution to Ethical Thought was published by Oxford University Press in 2009.
holds the Joyce and Edward E Brewer Chair in Applied Ethics at Purdue University. He specialises in animal ethics, more specifically on the issues of animals’ moral status, and the extent, scope, and content of human obligations to nonhuman animals. In addition to working on papers in these areas, Professor Bernstein is in the process of writing a book arguing that both the considerability of the interests of nonhuman animals and the value of the lives of nonhuman animals are as significant as their human counterparts. Professor Bernstein’s books include Fatalism (University of Nebraska Press, 1992), On Moral Considerability (Oxford University Press, 1998), and Without A Tear (University of Illinois Press, 2004).
is Research Professor in Public and Contextual Theology at Charles Sturt University, Australia, and Canon Theologian of the Canberra-Goulburn Anglican Diocese. After a physics degree at Griffith University, Brisbane, he studied theology at St Francis’ College and the University of Queensland. His honours thesis on Don Cupitt was published as Atheist Priest! Don Cupitt and Christianity (SCM, 1988). His doctorate on Jesus’ uniqueness and finality appeared as Is Jesus Unique? A Study of Recent Christology (Paulist, 1996). He has also written on the distancing of God from modern scientific imagination, including a discussion of animal suffering and the problem of evil, in A God for This World (Continuum, 2000), the emerging Church in God’s Next Big Thing: Discovering the Future Church (Garratt, 2004), and in more popular vein with The Ten Commandments and Ethics Today (Acorn, 2008). His new book Abiding Faith: Christianity Beyond Certainty, Anxiety and Violence (Cascade, 2009) includes discussion of violence against animals as a subset of the modern West’s defining need to control ‘the other’. His latest book is René Girard and Secular Modernity: Christ, Culture and Crisis (University of Notre Dame Press), and he is currently working on the second volume of a planned trilogy, for the same publisher, entitled Nonviolent Theology: René Girard and the Drama of Salvation. Scott Cowdell was a parish priest in Brisbane and Canberra, taught at Trinity College, Melbourne, and was Senior Lecturer in Theology at Flinders University, Adelaide, where he was also Principal of St Barnabas’ Theological College. A former Editor of St Mark’s Review, he spent 14 years on Australia’s Anglican Doctrine Commission, contributing to its publications on lay presidency, women bishops, homosexuality, clergy sexual abuse and, most recently, violence against animals and the environment. He is Founding President of the Australian Girard Seminar and a Board Member of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion.
is Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew at the Logsdon School of Theology, Hardin-Simmons University, located in Abilene, Texas. In her fourteenth year at Logsdon, Dr Pigott teaches both undergraduates and masters students. Her primary area of research has been focused on women in the Deuteronomic History, and she has published several articles related to that subject, including ‘Saul and the Not So Wicked Witch of Endor’. Review & Expositor 95 (Summer 1998): 435-44, and ‘Wives, Witches and Wise Women: Prophetic Heralds of Kingship in 1 and 2 Samuel’, Review and Expositor 99 (Spring 2002): 145-73. Her commentary on Leviticus is published in the The IVP Women’s Bible Commentary, ed. Catherine Clark Kroeger and Mary J. Evans, 50-69. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002. She is currently writing several brief articles for Inter-Varsity Press’s New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Dr Pigott is taking a sabbatical in the fall of 2007, the focus of which is animal ethics and theology. She will be travelling to several institutions in the United States to dialogue with various scholars involved in the animal rights movement. She wants to pursue research in animal theology from a biblical scholar’s perspective and hopes to make a significant contribution to the literature on the subject.
is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Miami, Florida. He received a DPhil from Oxford University, and over the past two decades has worked at several universities in the UK, USA, and Ireland, and has held visiting fellowships at universities in Iceland, Finland, and Australia. Professor Rowlands’s research has primarily focused on issues in the philosophy of mind and moral philosophy. In the former area, his published work includes Supervenience and Materialism (Ashgate, 1995); The Body in Mind (Cambridge University Press, 1999); The Nature of Consciousness (Cambridge University Press 2001); Externalism (Acumen, 2003); Body Language (MIT Press, 2006), and The New Science of the Mind; From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology (MIT Press, 2010). In the area of moral philosophy, he has written extensively on the moral status of non-human animals and the natural environment. Here, his publications include: Animal Rights (Macmillan, 1998; 2nd edition 2009); The Environmental Crisis (Macmillan, 2000), Animals Like Us (Verso, 2002) and Can Animals Be Moral? (Oxford University Press 2012). He has also put a not inconsiderable amount of effort into convincing the general public of the wonders of philosophy. The resulting books were The Philosopher at the End of the Universe (Ebury, 2003), Everything I Know I Learned From TV (Ebury, 2005) and Fame (Acumen 2008). His books have been translated into more than twenty languages. His memoir, The Philosopher and the Wolf, was published by Granta in 2008 and became an international bestseller.
is a neurologist and public health specialist. She works for the Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). She specializes in biosurveillance, medical ethics and in understanding the crossroads between animal welfare and public health. She has served on several Institutional Review Boards for the protection of human subjects in research. She has published numerous letters and Opinion-Editorial pieces and has been interviewed by major newspapers, scientific journals, and radio and TV news programmes. She also appeared in the television show “30 Days” produced by Morgan Spurlock discussing medical research. She has been published in peer-reviewed journals including Lancet, Pediatrics, Reviews in the Neurosciences and the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Dr. Akhtar’s recently published book, Animals and Public Health. Why treating animals better is critical to human welfare, examines how the treatment of animals impacts human health. The book covers a diverse array of topics including infectious disease epidemics, domestic violence, the health consequences of environmental degradation and the effectiveness and safety of medical research. The book reveals how many of our most urgent and pressing public health issues are connected with the treatment of animals. Further information about her book can be found at her webpage: www.ayshaakhtar.com.
is Assistant Professor of Humanities at the American University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. In July 2013, she was Visiting Fellow at Harris Manchester College, Oxford, and a participant in the College’s Summer Research Institute. She earned a BA and an MPhil in art history from the University of California, Irvine and the University of St. Andrews, respectively, and a DPhil from the University of Oxford for her thesis considering Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s theory of embodiment, in which the case of non-human (animal) embodiment receives significant attention. As an educator, her teaching runs the gamut of the history of philosophy, although the areas phenomenology, existentialism, and normative and applied ethics are of special interest. As a researcher, her current scholarship explores the many intersections between ethics, religious discourse and the status of animals in multi-faith societies and in particular, the diverse societies of the Gulf region in the Middle East. Recent papers include ‘Animals, cognition and sentience: reconsidering various anthropocentric views of sentient Being’ (proceedings of the COGNITIO conference, University of Québec at Montréal, July 2011), and ‘Birds of a Feather: addressing the challenges of animal rights dialogue within multi-faith societies’(Fourth International Conference on Religion and Spirituality in Society, forthcoming, April 2014).
is Adjunct Professor at the Department of Philosophy at Duquesne University and also Adjunct Professor at the Department of Philosophy at Chatham College, Pittsburgh. She was formerly lecturer at West Virginia University Department of Humanities, Philosophy and Religious Studies. In 2006, she completed her doctorate at Duquesne University with a dissertation on ‘Kantian Meadows: A Just Nursing Home Grounded in the Categorical Imperative’. She has taught courses on Logic, Biomedical Ethics, Feminism, Business Ethics, and the Philosophy of Law. Dr Bjalobok’s research interests are in applied ethics in general and the animal question in particular. She is especially concerned with our moral obligation to ageing and ill non-human animals with whom we have shared our lives. Her current book project is The Barn (based on her own experience of caring for rescued and homeless animals) which examines all the animals that live there, their relationships with each other, and with her as primarily the caregiver and food source. The goal is to apply different philosophical perspectives on friendship and other relations to the relationships that the animals share. She also intends to critically examine the society at the barn in relation to Plato’s idea of the just city (simple city).
is Senior Lecturer in Animal Law at Liverpool John Moores University. He was one of the first academics in the world to introduce Animal Law into the higher education law degree curriculum. His Animal Law module, introduced with Dr Debbie Legge in 1994, was a pioneering development. To date, over 1,000 law students have studied this unique undergraduate module which, unusually in law, took the approach of analysing law through the prism of sustainability and the philosophy of animal rights. Whereas his course was originally one of only two or three such courses, there are now over 120 worldwide. Simon was the lead-author of Law Relating to Animals (Cavendish, 1997), which was written to support his legal education development work. However, it has become recognised world-wide as a leading text in the area and is widely cited by academics and animal welfare groups alike, particularly in relation to the historical development of law relating to animals. A long-awaited second edition is in preparation. Simon’s current research interests lie in the area of using the study of Animal Law as a vehicle for sustainability teaching in legal education.
is an Associate Professor at the Australian National University College of Law, and a Buddhist monk ordained into the Tibetan tradition of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. He teaches and researches in the areas of Competition Law, Consumer Protection Law and Animal Law and is a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. Alex has published leading texts in all three areas of law, and his PhD thesis investigated the potential for Competition and Consumer Policy to benefit farm animals. His text Animal Law in Australia: An Integrated Approach (LexisNexis Butterworths, 2012) is one of Australia’s first Animal Law textbooks studied by students of Animal Law both in Australia and internationally. As a Buddhist monk, Alex has a particular interest in the relationship between the world’s religions and animals and has regularly appeared in the Australian print and television media commenting on this relationship. In addition to privately teaching meditation and Buddhist philosophy, Alex is currently working on a second PhD through Monash University in the discipline of Comparative Theology. His thesis is exploring the way seekers integrate and progress through Christian and Buddhist Spiritual Paths.
is a Lecturer of Law at the University of Essex and Director of the University’s Animal Welfare and Wildlife Law undergraduate programme. He was awarded a LLB in 2002, and a PhD in 2009 from the University of Essex for his research into the manner in which international trade restrictive measures can be employed in the fight against the effects of high seas fishing practices that impact upon marine dependant species, and published, in 2011, his first book on this subject, Market Denial and International Fisheries Regulation: The Targeted and Effective Use of Trade Measures Against the Flag of Convenience Fishing Industry (Brill/Martinus Nijhoff Publishers). He has published numerous articles on the subject of animal protection law, including most recently, ‘Developing a Common Law of Animal Welfare’ (Springer, 2011), ‘The Aggregation of Suffering in the Regulatory Context: Scientific Experimentation, Animals and Necessity’ (Ius Publicum, 2013) and ‘The International Regulation of the Food Market: Precedents and Challenges’ (Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2013).
is an Associate Professor at Griffith University, Australia. She is a linguist and a legal scholar. She was educated in China and Australia in both linguistics and law. Currently, she is Deputy Editor of the International Journal for the Semiotics of Law and has published extensively in the areas of legal language, legal theory, legal translation, and philosophical and linguistic analysis of Chinese law and legal culture. Some of her books include Chinese Law: A Language Perspective (Ashgate, 2004), Translating Law with a Foreword by Justice Kirby of the High Court of Australia (Multilingual Matters, 2007), and joint editor of Interpretation, Law and the Construction of Meaning (Springer, 2006). For the past few years, she has been researching and teaching animal law. Her latest book is Dongwu fei wu (Animals are not things: Animal law in the West) with a Preface by Peter Singer (China Law Press, 2007). Currently, she is writing about the place of animals in Chinese philosophy, culture and law, and is co-authoring a book on animal law for Chinese law students. She has also been promoting the research and teaching of animal ethics and animal law in Chinese law schools and arguing for the reconsideration of human and nonhuman animal relationships as an intellectual and ethical concern in China. She is currently also writing a book in English on animal law in the Australian context for the law publisher Thomson.
is Senior Lecturer of English Literature at the English and German Department of the University of Granada, Spain. She holds a PhD in English Literature (cum laude with distinction) and her research interest focuses on studying the relationship between human culture and other-than-human nature as presented in literature and other artistic discourses. She regularly participates in national and international forums on ecocriticism and is the author of Fantasía, épica y utopia en The Lord of the Rings: análisis temático y de la recepción (Servicio de publicaciones de la Universidad de Granada, 1997), and co-editor of Beyond the Veil of Familiarity: C.S. Lewis (1898-1998) (Peter Lang, 2001). Her most recent publication is “Another Cassandra’s Cry”: Mary Wollstonecraft’s “Universal Benevolence” as Ecofeminist Praxis”. Feninismo/s 22: 225-249. Margarita is a scholar in the Human-Animal Studies programme of the Animal and Society Institute, and of the European Association for the Study of Culture, Literature and the Environment. She was a member of the association’s advisory board from 2008 to 2012, and managing co-editor of its journal Ecozon@ from its foundation in 2009 till 2014.
is Professor of Law at Pace Law School, where he teaches in the fields of animal law, environmental law, and property and also directs the Brazil-American Institute for Law and the Environment (BAILE). He serves on the board of the Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) and is also the Class of 1946 Distinguished Visiting Professor of Environmental Law at Williams College, and a Visiting Professor of Law at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. He speaks and writes frequently on animal law and policy as well as many other topics within environmental law and environmental and cultural studies. In addition to several books and many articles on topics ranging from food ethics to water as cultural signifier to climate change and factory farms, Professor Cassuto is also the founder and principal contributor to the Animal Blawg (www.animalblawg.wordpress.com), a blog on animal law, ethics, and policy. In 2012, Professor Cassuto was honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Third World Congress on Bioethics and Animal Rights held in Recife Brazil.
is an Associate Professor of English and Cultural Studies at the University of British Columbia (Okanagan), Canada. A scholar in the history of ideas of the nineteenth century, as well as a life-long animal rights advocate, her research has turned towards the ethical obligations that humans have towards their non-human counterparts. Her forthcoming collection of essays, to which she is a contributor, is entitled Animal Subjects: An Ethical Reader in a Posthuman World (Wilfrid Laurier University Press), and is concerned with the lag in the field of Cultural Studies where critiques of racism, sexism(s) and classism have radically changed the face of the humanities and social sciences, but which have also historically withheld the question of ethical treatment from non-human animals. In this regard, she organised the first panel (‘The Question of the Animal: Why Now?’) of its kind at the Canadian Association of Cultural Studies to critique the division between human and non-human animals in this field. She is developing an upper division undergraduate course on this same question and participating in the ‘Nature matters, materiality, and the more-than-human in cultural studies of the environment’ conference in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Her research aims to call into question the boundaries that divide the animal kingdom from humanity, focusing on the medical, biological, cultural, philosophical, and ethical concerns between non-human animals and ourselves. A long-time member of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), and as a scholar, she works to end animal suffering in factory farming, product testing, and laboratory experimentation, as well in zoos, rodeos, circuses, and public aquariums.
is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Cornell University. His main interests are in seventeenth and eighteenth century philosophy, especially Kant and the rationalists. He also regularly co-teaches an undergraduate course on the “The Ethics of Eating” which was recently converted into a Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) on the EdX platform. The first edition of the course enrolled almost 14,000 students from over 130 countries (https://www.edx.org/course/ethics-eating-cornellx-phil1440x). He is co-editor (with Matthew Halteman and Terence Cuneo) of Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments About the Ethics of Eating (Routledge, 2015) (www.amazon.com/Philosophy-Comes-Dinner-Arguments-Ethics/dp/0415806836/) and is a contributor to the Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics.
is a Professor of Philosophy at Salisbury University in Maryland, where she teaches a wide variety of courses related to animals, feminism, the history of ethics, human nature, modern philosophy and logic. She is especially interested in questions of animal ethics as they relate to fundamental questions about the nature and boundaries of morality, and has written on the roles of justice and care in human moral relations to non-human animals and on questions about human-animal friendship and animal moral agency. Her publications include a book on feminist ethics, Care, Autonomy, and Justice: Feminism and the Ethic of Care (Westview, 1996), and a number of articles on animals and ethics appearing in journals such as Between the Species and the Journal of Animal Ethics, and in anthologies such as The Feminist Care Tradition in Animal Ethics (Columbia University Press, 2007).
is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Seattle. He is the author of fifteen scholarly books, several of which deal with the topic of animal rights: The Philosophy of Vegetarianism (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984) could more appropriately be titled ‘Ancient Philosophical Vegetarianism’ in that it deals with ancient Greek philosophy and the status of non-human animals; Hartshorne and the Metaphysics of Animal Rights (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988) argues for animal rights in the context of process or neo-classical philosophy of religion; Babies and Beasts: The Argument from Marginal Cases (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1997) deals with the issue of moral patiency as it relates to both non-human animals and non-rational human beings. About one-third of another book deals with animal rights: Not Even a Sparrow Falls: The Philosophy of Stephen R. L. Clark (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2000). The stance in philosophy of religion that underlies much of his work in animal rights is detailed in Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006). Recent articles on the topic of animal rights include: ‘Is the Argument from Marginal Cases Obtuse?’ in the Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2006): 223-232, and ‘Whitehead and Non-human Animal Rights’, forthcoming.
is Professor of Law at Michigan State University College of Law. Over the past thirty years, Professor Favre has written several articles and books dealing with animal issues, including such topics as animal cruelty, wildlife law, the use of animals for scientific research, the ethics of the respectful use of animals, and international control of animal trade. His books include the case book Animal Law: Welfare, Interest, and Rights (Second edition), Animal Law and Dog Behavior, and International Trade in Endangered Species. He introduced and has developed the concept of “Living Property” in a number of law review articles over the past decade. He also has presented to international audiences on a wide assortment of animal topics. He was a primary organiser in the two global animal law conferences that have been held, the most recent being in 2014 in Barcelona. He created, and is editor-in-chief of, the largest animal legal web resource in the world, www.animallaw.info. He was a founding officer of the Animal Legal Defense Fund in 1983 and stayed on the Board for 22 years, serving as President of the Board for the last two of those years. Presently, he is the a Vice Chair of the American Bar Association/TIPS Committee on Animal Law, and in 2012 was chair of the AALS Animal Law Committee. Now residing on a farm in lower Michigan, Professor Favre shares his space with sheep, chickens, and the usual assortment of dogs and cats.
is Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Department of Sociology, Criminal Justice, and Women’s Studies at the University of South Carolina Upstate where he has taught since 1988. He is the past Chair of the Section on Animals and Society of the American Sociological Association. In 2010, he was selected as a Fellow of the Institute for Human-Animal Connection at the University of Denver’s Graduate School of Social Work. Dr Flynn serves on the editorial boards of both Society & Animals and the Journal of Animal Ethics, and served from 2005 to 2010 on the editorial board of Anthrozoos. In addition, he is on the editorial boards of the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Book Series and the Brill Human-Animal Studies Book Series. In 2001, his Animals and Society course was chosen as the ‘Best New Animals and Society Course’ by the Humane Society of the United States, and was featured on “The Osgood File” on CBS radio. Dr. Flynn has written numerous articles and chapters on animal abuse and its relationship to family violence, including ‘A Sociological Analysis of Animal Abuse’, in Frank Ascione’s (ed.) The International Handbook of Animal Abuse and Cruelty: Theory, Research, and Application (Purdue University Press, 2008) and ‘Women Battering, Pet Abuse and Human-Animal Relations’ in The Link between Animal Abuse and Human Violence (Sussex Academic Press, 2009), edited by Andrew Linzey. He is also the editor of one of the first anthologies in human-animal studies, Social Creatures: A Human and Animal Studies Reader (Lantern Books, 2008). Dr. Flynn’s most recent book is Understanding Animal Abuse: A Sociological Analysis (Lantern Books, 2012), in which he examines the social and cultural factors related to animal abuse and its connection to human violence and proposes recommendations for policy, professionals, and future research.
is Professor of Politics, and Head of the Department of Politics, at the University of Leicester. He has previously taught at the Universities of Exeter and Buckingham. He has published widely on the politics and philosophy of animal rights. His major publications are Political Animals (Macmillan, 1998); Animals, Politics and Morality (Manchester University Press, 2004, second edition); The Political Theory of Animal Rights (Manchester University Press, 2005), and Animal Ethics (Polity, 2005). The focus of Professor Garner’s principal research interest has been on the moral relationship between humans and animals, particularly from the perspective of political philosophy. This has involved documenting the neglect or dismissal of the concept of animal rights in the liberal tradition of political thought, defending animal rights from within the liberal tradition and exploring the relationship between animal protection and other political traditions. He is currently embellishing this work by seeking to develop a viable liberal-based theory of justice for animals.
is Associate Professor of New Testament and English literature at Providence University College in Manitoba, Canada where he regularly teaches a course on animals and the Bible. Among other things, he writes about the reception of the Bible in literature and popular music, returning often to the poetry and lyrics of Bob Dylan. His most recent book, Eden’s Other Residents: The Bible and Animals (Cascade, 2014), offers strategies for reading the prophets in light of contemporary ethical concerns. It also looks for wisdom in later creative writers engaging animal compassion themes, among them William Bartram, Anne Brontë, Woody Guthrie, and Timothy Findley. His current work includes an examination of animals in the writings of C. S. Lewis.
is the co-ordinator of the Centre for Research on Ethics (CRE), located in Quebec, Canada. Dr Giroux is a member of the Quebec Bar and holds a Masters in Law with a thesis on the reform of the Criminal Code of Canada dealing with cruelty to animals. She also holds a doctorate in philosophy from Université de Montréal with a dissertation on the necessity of granting legal fundamental individual rights to all sentient beings. Dr Giroux has given many presentations on animal ethics and taught a seminar on that subject at Université de Sherbrooke, to which she is affiliated as Adjunct Professor. Among her publications are “Le droit à la liberté des animaux sensibles” (Autrement, 2015) and “Des droits légaux fondamentaux pour tous les êtres sensibles” (Klesis, 2010). She currently has several articles – including “Animals Do Have an Interest in Liberty” (Journal of Animal Ethics) – and a book pending publication.
is a practising Barrister and a member of Exchange Chambers in Liverpool and Manchester. She was called to the Bar in 2001 by the Honourable Society of Lincoln’s Inn and began her career working predominantly in the field of Criminal Law. Her practice developed and she now specialises in the areas of Personal Injury and Employment Law. She maintains a keen interest in Animal Law and is a member of the Association of Lawyers for Animal Welfare. Before pursuing her vocation as a Barrister – and gaining her Diploma in Law at City University, London – Laura-Jane studied for a BA Honours Degree in Philosophy and Theology at Mansfield College, University of Oxford. Her passion for enhancing the ethical status of animals motivated her undergraduate dissertation entitled: ‘Animal Rights and Human Morals’. Laura-Jane’s paper critically examines The Rights of an Animal written by the Oxford Scholar and Bodleian Librarian, Edward Byron Nicholson in 1879. She places Nicholson’s pioneering work within the context of the emerging Humanitarian and Zoophily movements of the nineteenth century and considers the adequacy of his theoretical arguments in relation to the practical moral questions which he raises.
is Associate Professor of Philosophical Theology at Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary, located in Austin, Texas. He teaches, writes, and lectures widely on creation care and love for all creatures, and upon the intersections among modern Western philosophy, Christian theology, and ethics, especially as informed by the thought of philosopher Emmanuel Levinas. His numerous essays on love for all creatures include, “Animals and the Love of God,” The Christian Century (2001), “To Love as God Loves: The Spirit of Dominion,” Review and Expositor (2011), “Animals” in the Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics (Baker, 2011), “Karl Barth and ‘Love for all Creatures’ as a Quintessential Aspect of Christian Spirituality,” in Issues in Ethics and Animal Rights, Manish Vyas, ed. (Regency, 2011), and “Life Sacred,” in God’s Earth is Sacred, Phillips and Carmichael, eds. (NCC, 2012). In 2009 he delivered a series of talks on “Caring for Creation” as the George Knight Lectures at the Logsdon School of Theology and Hardin Simmons University (home of one of the Centre’s Founding Fellows, Professor Susan M. Pigott). At the 2014 Summer School of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, Dr Greenway presented “Peter Singer, Emmanuel Levinas, and Christian Agape: The Spiritual Heart of Animal Liberation,” which will appear in revised form in Fall 2015 in the Journal of Animal Ethics. Two new books that inscribe love for all creatures into the heart of Christian and Jewish spirituality, theology, and ethics are appearing in Fall 2015: A Reasonable Belief: Why God and Faith Make Sense (Westminster John Knox), and For the Love of All Creatures: The Story of Grace in Genesis (Eerdmans).
is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He holds a PhD in philosophy from the University of Notre Dame, and has published in the fields of 20th century European Philosophy and Animal Ethics. His work in the former discipline has appeared, among other places, in Continental Philosophy Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, and The Philosophical Review. In Animal Ethics, Professor Halteman’s research has focused primarily on the importance of moral concern for animals in religious traditions, especially on the spiritual disciplinary prospects of exercising this concern through the daily practice of compassionate eating. His booklet Compassionate Eating as Care of Creation was recently published by the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and will serve as an integral component of a new national initiative – HSUS Animals and Religion – that seeks to promote concern for animals among religious audiences. Professor Halteman’s animal ethics and activism course, ‘Peaceable Kingdom: Transforming Our Relationships With Animals’, was recently honoured with the 2007 Animals and Society Course Award for Innovation. His guiding aspiration is to produce work that facilitates fruitful interaction between scholars and activists for the purpose of engendering well-researched, well-argued public education on the moral standing of animals.
is Professor of Neuroscience and Pathology at the University of California, San Diego. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in English Literature in 1974 from North Central College in Naperville IL, and was awarded a Medical Degree in 1977 from Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine in Maywood, IL. Following an internship in Psychiatry at Loyola in Maywood, he spent 4 years in combined Anatomic and Clinical pathology training, also at Loyola. He followed this with 3 years of Neuropathology residency at Emory University in Atlanta, GA, and then went to UCSD for a two year fellowship in Geriatric Neuropathology and Dementia. After an additional year of surgical pathology fellowship at William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan, Dr Hansen joined the faculty at UCSD School of Medicine in the Departments of Neurosciences and Pathology in 1988. Dr Hansen’s research remains focused on the pathology and pathogenesis of dementing illnesses, in particular Lewy body diseases and Alzheimer disease in which his work is very well known. He lead the neuropathology core of the Alzheimer Disease Research Center (ADRC) based in the UCSD Department of Neurosciences for 25 years. Dr Hansen is also an attending on the clinical neuropathology service at UCSD working with neurosurgeons and neuro-oncologists on brain tumor diagnosis and treatment. Professor Hansen has been a longstanding critic of the infliction of suffering on animals in scientific research. He is author of scores of scientific publications, and his work on animal ethics includes: ‘An analysis of animal research ethics committee memberships at American institutions’, Animals 2, 68-75, 2012; ‘Institution animal care and use committees need greater ethical diversity’, Journal of Medical Ethics 39, 188-190, 2013; ‘Noxious groupthink: The Chronicle Review’, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Section B, B6-B8, November 12 2010, and ‘Primate studies: Hear the public`s views’ (letter to editor) Nature 484, 167, April 12, 2012.
is a member of common room and former Supernumerary Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford, and Honorary Professor at the Institute of Archaeology at University College, London. He was recently Visiting Lecturer in Roman Art at the Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford. Professor Henig has written numerous books, including: The Art of Roman Britain (new edition 1995), Roman Oxfordshire (2000), Alban and St Albans: Roman and Medieval Architecture, Art and Archaeology (2001), and The Heirs of King Verica: Culture and Politics in Roman Britain (2002). He has also published major catalogues of Roman Sculpture for the British Academy (The Cotswold Region (1993) and North West Midlands (2003) with London and the South East in preparation, and on Roman gems, including with A. MacGregor, Catalogue of the Engraved Gems in the Ashmolean Museum II. Roman (Archaeopress, 2004). From 1985 to 2007, he was Editor of the Journal of the British Archaeological Association, which specialises in Medieval art and architecture. In 2007, he was presented with a Festschrift: Pagans and Christians – from Antiquity to the Middle Ages (edited by Lauren Adams Gilmour) on his 65th birthday. Professor Henig was trained for the ministry at St Stephen’s House, Oxford, and was recently ordained as a priest in the Church of England, and serves in the Osney Benefice in West Oxford. He is Vice-President of the Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals.
was educated both in Germany and in South Africa, where he was completed his PhD in the Department of Philosophy, University of the Witwatersrand. After working as a professional musician for several decades, he joined the Wits School of Education in a full-time capacity in 2002. He is an Associate Professor, teaching philosophy of education, ethics, social and political philosophy, epistemology, philosophy of science, logic and critical thinking, all with a strongly educational focus. He has published extensively since 2004, including a book entitled The moral status and rights of animals (Porcupine Press, 2010). Other animal-related publications include ‘Rethinking humane education’ (Ethics and Education 4/2, 2009); ‘Animal liberation: Terrorism or civil disobedience?’ (SA Public Law 27/1, 2012), ‘Animal sacrifice’ (in A. Linzey, ed., The global guide to animal protection (University of Illinois Press, 2013), and ‘Children and other animals: The possibility and promise of animal rights education’ (Philosophy of Education/ Russia 7, 2014: 157-171). Apart from animal rights, his research interests include African philosophy (of education), indigenous knowledge (indigenous science, ethnomathematics, ethnomusicology), as well as humane and environmental education. He has recently published Animals and African Ethics in the Animal Ethics Series for Palgrave MacMillan.
is Professor of Feminist Liberation Theologies at the University of Winchester. She is a liberation theologian who believes theology to be a communal project fuelled by notions of radical equality and empowered by divine companionship. Her work explores the nature of incarnation within a contemporary context and includes such areas as the body, gender, sexuality and eco-theology. She has written, co-authored or edited 23 books such as The Power of Erotic Celibacy (T&T Clark, 2006); The Fat Jesus: Feminist Explorations in Boundaries and Transgressions (DLT, 2007); Introducing Feminist Christologies (Continuum, 2001); Liberating Christ (Pilgrim Press 1999) , Patriarchs, Prophets and Other Villains (editor)( Equinox, 2007), Radical Otherness: A Theo/sociological Investigation (Acumen, 2013 with co-author Dave Harris), Controversies in Feminist Theology (SCM Press, 2007 with co-author Marcella Althaus Reid), The Poverty of Radical Orthodoxy (Wipf and Stock, 2012, with co-editor Marko Zlimislic), Through Us With Us In Us: Relational Theologies in the 21st Century (SCM Press, 2010, with co-editor Elaine Bellchambers) .
She has been series editor of five international series: Introductions in Feminist Theology (Continuum); Queer Theology (T&T Clark, with co-editor Marcella Althaus-Reid); Theology, Genderand Spirituality (Equinox), Religion and Violence (Equinox), and Controversies in Contextual Theology (SCM, co-editor Marcella Althaus –Reid). Professor Isherwood is an Executive Editor and founding editor of the international journal Feminist Theology, and she is a member of the international editorial board of Feminist Studies in Religion. She is a co-founder and Director of the Britain and Ireland School of Feminist Theology. From 2007-2009 she was Vice President of the European Society of Women in Theological Research. She is on the theological consultancy board for Caritas.
is an Associate Professor at the University of Puget Sound, where she teaches environmental law and animal law. She received her PhD from Portland State University in Public Affairs and Policy, with a dissertation field in political theory. She received her Juris Doctorate from the Northwestern School of Law of Lewis and Clark College along with a certificate in Environmental and Natural Resources Law. She received her MFA from the Rainier Writing Workshop at Pacific Lutheran University. She received her MPA from Indiana University’s School of Public and Environmental Affairs with a focus on international environmental policy. Her BA in history was from Indiana University. She is the author of Power, Knowledge, Animals, which is a contribution to the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series (A. Linzey & P. Cohn, Eds.). Her primary research interests include the legal status of animals, religion and animals as it has informed political and secular modern thought, moral theory relating to animals, and animal ethics. She has written several teaching cases, book chapters, articles, and book reviews concerning animals. She has won several awards for her teaching cases from Indiana University/Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBER) and from the North American Case Research Association, and she has received two awards for teaching at her university. She is a member of the Washington State Board of Bar Examiners. She serves as a Consultant Editor for the Journal of Animal Ethics.
has completed a PhD thesis at the University of Wales at Lampeter on whether there can be a Roman Catholic theology of animals. Since 1999, she has been General Secretary of Catholic Concern for Animals (see www.catholic-animals.org) and Editor of its journal The Ark, with additional sub-editing and freelance homiletic writing. Previously, for two years, she was editor of the national weekly newspaper The Catholic Herald. Prior to that, from 1980 to 1996, she was Director of Adult Religious Education in the Diocese of East Anglia, with additional part time work, including Staff Lecturer in Religious Studies at Suffolk College, Ipswich; Deputy Editor of Priests & People; first Administrator of the Margaret Beaufort Institute of Theology, a member of the Cambridge Theological Federation, and a distance learning Tutor for Westminster College, Oxford. She studied at the Regina Mundi Pontifical Institute in Rome, and subsequently gained an MA in Pastoral Theology through the Margaret Beaufort Institute of Theology in Cambridge. Dr Jones is a member (and former committee member) of the Catholic Theological Association of Great Britain.
is an Assistant Professor in the Department of History at the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan. She received her PhD from King’s College, Cambridge and was formerly a Research Fellow at Wolfson College, Cambridge. In her PhD entitled “Mobilizing Traditions in the Animal Defence Movement in Britain, 1820-1920″, she explored the ways in which the animal defence movement in Britain interacted with and drew upon the major intellectual and cultural traditions in Victorian society, such as Christianity, political radicalism, evolutionism, natural history and literary traditions. She has published in journals such as Society and Animals, Journal of Animal Ethics, The New History (Taiwan), Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies (Taiwan) and EurAmerica: A Journal of European and American Studies (Taiwan) and has written a policy paper on “The animal cause and its greater traditions” (2004) for the History and Policy Website. She has edited and introduced William Drummond’s Rights of Animals and Man’s Obligation to Treat Them with Humanity (1838) for the Mellen Animal Rights Library edited by Professor Rod Preece. She is also the Chinese translator of Professor Andrew Linzey’s Animal Gospel (1999). The Chinese edition was published by the China University Press of Politics and Law in 2005 and in Taiwan by the Yong Wang Press in 2006. Her research and teaching interests include the history of human-animal relations, modern British history and western historiography. She is especially interested in the historical connections between people’s concern for humans and for other animals and she is currently doing research on late nineteenth-century political radicalism.
is Senior Vice President for Forensic Sciences and Anti-Cruelty Projects of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) a post he has held since 2005. He has degrees in psychology and biology from Wesleyan University in Connecticut and a doctorate in psychology from Washington University in St. Louis. He was Assistant Professor in the psychology departments of the State University of New York at Stony Brook and Washington University. He joined the staff of the Humane Society of the United States in 1984 where he held a variety of positions including Vice President for Research and Educational Outreach. His professional work has included ethological studies of wolves, the health benefits of keeping companion animals and the psychology of kindness and cruelty to animals. He has facilitated hundreds of workshops to coordinate the formation of coalitions against violence that seek to bring together the resources of professionals in diverse fields. His efforts to increase awareness of the connection between animal abuse and other forms of violence were profiled in the 1999 BBC documentary “The Cruelty Connection”. He has served on the Boards of Directors of several groups including the Center for Respect for Life and Environment, Defenders of Wildlife, the William and Charlotte Parks Foundation for Animal Welfare and the International Veterinary Forensic Sciences Association.
Dr Lockwood co-edited Cruelty to Animals and Interpersonal Violence (Purdue University Press, 1998), and co-authored Forensic Investigation of Animal Cruelty: A Guide for Veterinary and Law Enforcement Professionals (Humane Society Press, 2006). He also authored Prosecuting Animal Cruelty Cases: Opportunities for Early Response to Crime and Interpersonal Violence (ASPCA, 2006) published by the American Prosecutors Research Institute, and Dogfighting Toolkit for Law Enforcement: Addressing Dogfighting in Your Community (2011), published by the U.S. Department of Justice.
is Associate Professor of Philosophy at California Polytechnic State University. He is currently serving as Editor of Between the Species a philosophical journal on animal issues. Dr Lynch has published articles on animal consciousness, animal belief, and theodicy and animal pain. His general research areas are in the philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and Asian philosophy. Among other topics, Dr Lynch is currently interested in Buddhist perspectives on the moral status of animals. In addition to the American Philosophical Association, he regularly affiliates with the Society for the Study of Ethics and Animals, the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy, the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, and the Society for the Study of Philosophy and the Martial Arts.
is Professor of English at Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA. He gained his BA in English at the University of Pennsylvania, and his MA, MPhil, and PhD degrees in Literature from Columbia University. His doctoral dissertation (1989) was on “The Language of Modernism”. He is the author of Reading Zoos: Representations of Animals and Captivity (Macmillan and NYU Press, 1998) and Poetic Animals and Animal Souls (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), and the editor of A Cultural History of Animals in the Modern Age (Berg, 2007). He serves on the editorial boards of Society & Animals and Brill’s Human-Animal Studies book series. He is also an International Associate of the New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies, University of Canterbury. In addition to his scholarship, he has had numerous appearances in popular media on the topic of animals; many of these are linked from his webpage. His interests include, generally, anthrozoology, and more specifically, zoos; cultural representations of animals; ecology, eco-criticism and environmentalism; and cinematic figurations of animals. He is a Patron of the Captive Animals’ Protection Society (UK).
is a Distinguished Professor, and former Head of the Department of Religion, at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. She is also Editor of Mosaic: a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature. With a background in science (genetics), philosophy, literary criticism, and bioethics, her research is interdisciplinary, and her teaching extends as well across the fields of religion, literature, philosophy, ethics, and disability studies. Dr McCance has taught undergraduate and graduate courses on life-ethics and on animal ethics in particular, and is now working on a book manuscript, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, on the concept of life, and on the distinction between animal and human life, in the work of Jacques Derrida. Her 2004 book, Medusa’s Ear, traces the figure of the deaf-mute female in Derrida’s readings of the philosophy of the modern research university, uncovering links between notions of disability and of animality in this philosophical tradition. She contributed a paper on the feral child of Aveyron to a special issue on disability and film published by the Canadian Journal of Film Studies (Spring 2008), and published a chapter on ‘the animal’ in early modern anatomy in Animal Subjects (2008). Dr McCance recently edited two special issues of Mosaic that deal with ‘the animal’ issue (The Animal Part 1 39.4, December 2006; The Animal Part 2 40.1, March 2007).
is the Dorothy Jo Barker Endowed Professor of Animal Rights at Drury University and the Director of the Drury University Forum on Animal Rights. In 2012, she established an innovative minor in Animal Studies at the undergraduate level. She directs and participates in a one-of-a kind course on Animal Ethics taught by a team of eight professors, all experts in their prospective fields. In addition, she teaches courses on Animals in Literature and on Animals and Contemporary Issues. While pursuing her doctorate in French literature at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, she spent a year as an exchange student at the École Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm in Paris. Dr McEachern has published two books, Deprivation and Power: Eating Disorders in Nineteenth-Century French Literature (Greenwood, 1998) and A Holy Life: The Writings of Saint Bernadette of Lourdes (Ignatius, 2005). In 2007, Bob Barker, a long-time advocate for animals, began providing resources that have allowed Dr McEachern to change the direction of her professional interests. She now devotes herself full-time to the study of animal rights. Dr McEachern takes a particular interest in elephants in captivity.
is a graduate of Princeton Theological Seminary (Master of Divinity) and Drew University (MPhil, PhD). He did his doctoral dissertation on the inter-connections between Edmund Husserl’s phenomenological analyses of experience and meaning and Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Ordinary Language analyses of language use and context. Professor McFarlane later revised and published his dissertation under the title: A Grammar of Fear and Evil: A Husserlian-Wittgensteinian Hermeneutic (Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 1996). In addition to numerous articles and invited papers, Professor McFarlane co-edited (with S. Murrell and D. Spencer) a bestselling university textbook on the Rastafarian Movement: Chanting Down Babylon-The Rastafarian Reader (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1997). Arising from this publication, he has spoken at over seventeen university campuses and academic conferences dealing with African retentions in Caribbean religions. His recent essay “A Rastafarian Hermeneutic of Animal Care” will be published in the forthcoming Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection. Professor McFarlane taught philosophy, epistemology/metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of language and philosophy of religion at universities in the USA and the Caribbean, in addition to visiting lectures at numerous colleges, including Wooster, Union, Rider, and Denison University. Professor McFarlane was an invited Visiting Fellow at Mansfield College, Oxford University in 1999. He has been the Vice President of the International University of the Caribbean (Montego Bay, Jamaica) since 2006.
is an assistant professor of economics at Hope College in Holland, Michigan. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research has focused on labor economics and education policy, ethics, and theology. His writing about animal ethics has focused on the place of animals in the economy and the integration of ethics with economic analysis. He is currently working on a book titled Animals and Economics which will be included in the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series (A. Linzey & P. Cohn, Eds.). This volume explores the central role of economic institutions and policy in determining the place of animals in the economy, and calls for large-scale change in the legal standing of animals. He has also explored animal issues in his work on virtue ethics and in his writing on environmental ethics and property law. His education policy research has focused on homework time and school calendars, and has appeared in several economics journals, including the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy and Economics of Education Review.
is the Director of the Hunterstoun Centre of the University of Fort Hare, South Africa. He gained a doctorate at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, for his dissertation on ‘Discourses and the Oppression of Non-human Animals: A Critical Realist Account’. He has worked in Pathology, Community Health and Education in the U.K., Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and South Africa where he taught sciences in a township school in Grahamstown. His Masters dissertation at the University of Malawi is titled ‘The Relevance of the Malawian MSCE Science Syllabus to the Lives of Young Malawians’. He gives talks at schools and has made a number of presentations at Rhodes University, where he is a member of the Ethics Committee, and at the Ethics Society of South Africa, as well as publishing ‘Animals and the Discourse of Farming in Southern Africa’ in Society and Animals, Vol. 14, No.1, 2006, 39-59 and ‘Moral Disengagement and Support for Nonhuman Animal Farming’ (forthcoming). He recently organized the Hunterstoun Symposium on Nonhuman Animals, the first of its kind in Southern Africa. His research interests are critical realism, non-human animals, discourses, power in society, genocide, moral disengagement, and alternatives to violence.
is a Brazil-based philosopher, independent researcher and author. He is also Director of the Animal Ethics Department of the Brazilian Vegetarian Society. Naconecy holds a PhD in Philosophy from the Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS) in Porto Alegre, Brazil. His thesis topic was ‘The Life Ethic: Moral Biocentrism and the Concept of Bio-Respect’. Previously, he gained a Master of Philosophy degree at the same university with a thesis on contemporary environmental ethics, and a Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) which included a dissertation on the moral status of the non-human animals. In 2006, he obtained a grant from the Brazilian governmental funding agency to become a Visiting Scholar at the University of Cambridge, UK. Naconecy has present papers at academic conferences in Brazil, Peru, Portugal and Cambridge. In addition to his scholarship, he has numerous appearances in popular media on the topic of applied ethics in Brazil. His publications include a book (in Portuguese) titled Ethics and Animals: a guide to the philosophical arguments (Porto Alegre: Edipucrs, 2006). Research interests include animal ethics and environmental ethics.
is a lecturer in law at the School of Law, National University of Ireland, Galway, where she teaches intellectual property and sociology of law-related subjects at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. She holds a BA in Philosophy and English and a BCL, both from University College Cork. She obtained an LLM by research on socio-legal aspects of the Linux operating system at the University of Warwick in 2002 and also holds a PGCHE from UWE, Bristol. Maureen is also currently pursuing a PhD at the School of Law in the University of Edinburgh in the area of patenting morally controversial biotechnological inventions. Part of the research for the thesis has involved an exploration of the constitutional status and rights of genetically modified human-animal hybrids and chimeras which fall into a lacuna between animal and human rights. She has published in the fields of intellectual property law, technology and policy and property rights and wrote a commentary on the Feminist Judgments: From Theory to Practice (Hart, 2010). She currently supervises a PhD on animal rights and welfare in Ireland. Maureen is the Chairperson of the Vegetarian Society of Ireland – a national charity run entirely by volunteers – and is involved in promoting vegetarianism and veganism throughout Ireland both through academic and social means.
is Professor of Sociology and Animal Studies at the University of Winchester, and Visiting Fellow at the University of Portsmouth. Her current research focuses on species and sociology. She has contributed to a range of books in the field of human animal studies and papers have appeared in journals such as Sociology, The Sociological Review, Journal of Animal Ethics and Society and Animals. Dr Peggs’s most recent book Animals and Sociology was published in 2012 in the Palgrave Macmillan Series on Animal Ethics. She is working currently on a book Experiments, Animal Bodies and Human Values (Ashgate). She is also leading a research project on veganism, which enables her to use her specialist knowledge in research methods. In her capacity as a research methods specialist she is co-editor of both Observation Methods (Sage, 2013) with Barry Smart and Joseph Burridge and Critical Social Research Ethics (Sage, in preparation) with Barry Smart and Joseph Burridge. She is a member of the British, American, and International Sociological Associations.
read Classics at Balliol College, Oxford in the 1980s and took a doctorate in the field of ancient Greek religion. He has published numerous articles and reviews about Greek and Latin language and literature. He has written two books: a monograph entitled Prayer in Greek Religion (OUP, 1997) and an edition with commentary of Homer, Iliad Book I (OUP, 2000). Having taught Classics in the University of Oxford for about ten years, he studied law, qualified as a solicitor and practised in the City of London for five years. He then turned to teaching academic law and has written articles about legal history, land law and the law of charities. He then decided to bring together his interests in history, languages, law and religion by taking a master’s degree in Canon Law at the University of Cardiff. His dissertation, supervised by Professor Norman Doe, concentrated on the exemptions granted to monastic houses from the general canon law in medieval Europe from the earliest times to the Reformation. He presented a paper on Animals in Western Christian Canon Law at the first Annual Oxford Animal Ethics Summer School on Religion and Animal Protection in July 2014. This is due to be published in the forthcoming Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection. Simon is interested in the ways in which historical studies can not only throw light on the past but also explain why people think and act towards animals as they do today.
is Associate Professor for Ethics and Social Thought in the Department of Catholic Theology at Karl-Franzens-University in Graz, Austria, where he has taught since 1992. He was a lecturer at Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany (1984-90), a Fulbright Scholar at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. (2003), a Visiting Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Minnesota (2007) and in the Department of Religious Studies at Gonzaga University, Spokane, USA (academic year 2011/12). His doctoral dissertation dealt with the ethics of civil disobedience (Ziviler Ungehorsam. Aschendorff, 1992), his post-doctoral dissertation (Habilitation) examined the relation of therapeutic self-actualization to the common good (Tanz um das goldene Selbst? Styria, 2001). For a considerable time his research interests have also focused on animal ethics. He is particularly interested in the contribution of various religions to animal protection (cf. his chapter in the book Tierrechte. Eine interdisziplinaere Herausforderung, Harald Fischer, 2007), in particular the ambivalent tradition of the Roman Catholic Church (cf. his chapter in the book Tier – Mensch – Ethik, LIT 2011). He taught courses on animal ethics and animal theology both in Austria and the USA and has voiced his concern for animals in numerous lectures and newspaper articles, on the radio and on TV.
is an Associate Professor of Social Work at Arizona State University and has over 20 years of practice and management experience in a combination of public health and child welfare. She has authored/co-authored many publications and presented numerous scholarly papers and workshops to various state and national groups. Her primary areas of research are the animal-human bond and child welfare. Her course – Animal-Human Connections – won the HSUS 2004 Society and Animals New Course Award, and she has a grant-funded national study of social work practitioner’s knowledge of the animal-human bond, and a grant funded field internship with an animal welfare agency. She chairs The Arizona Humane LINK, a coalition of animal welfare and human service agencies in Maricopa County, Arizona, which sponsors an ‘Investigating and Treating Animal Cruelty: Creating A Humane Community’ conference annually. She grew up on a farm in Connecticut, where her father and grandfather practised veterinary medicine. She does hands-on rescue work, including volunteering at the Best Friends Katrina shelter in Tylertown, and helped found a TNR feral cat program at Arizona State University. She currently lives in a trans-species cultural home with 14+ other animals.
originally studied mathematical physics but retrained following sociological research at the University of Sussex. He completed his PhD on discourse and change in late modernity at the University of Southampton, and undertook psychotherapy training. He thereafter worked both as a family therapist, and in social science research. He held a Research Fellowship at the University of Southampton, and has taught courses at theological colleges in the UK. He has lectured at universities in the UK and China, and at Regent College, Canada. He gave a keynote address on Postmodernity at the 1993 Leaders Conference of the Lausanne Movement, and co-edited the proceedings, published as Faith and Modernity (Regnum, 1994). His articles, papers and journalism have appeared in a variety of publications including Faith and Thought, Third Way, and Kunstforum International, as well as on-line; a selection may be found on his page on Academia.edu. His Six Modern Myths (IVP, 2000) included discussion of the transformation of animal theology in modernity. His research since has focussed on the archeology of evangelical Christian discourses about animals, and his articles on this have appeared in Third Way, The Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics and elsewhere. Dr Sampson has contributed a chapter on “Humans, Animals and Others” in C. Falke (ed), Intersections in Christianity and Critical Theory (Palgrave, 2010); and to A. Linzey and C. Linzey (eds), A Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection (forthcoming). He is currently writing A Passion for Kindness, a book exploring the evangelical contribution to animal advocacy in the UK from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries.
is an Associate Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School. She received her BS in mechanical engineering (magna cum laude) and JD (Order of the Coif) from the Universityof Southern Californiaand her MS in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is an inactive member of the California Bar and an active member of the D.C. Bar. Professor Schaffner worked at the law firm of Irell & Manella in Los Angeles California and clerked for the Honourable Marianna Pfaelzer in the Central District of California before coming to GW Law. Professor Schaffner teaches Civil Procedure, Remedies, Sexuality and the Law, and a seminar on Animal Protection Law. She is the faculty advisor to Lambda Law, the GLBT student organisation at GW, and is faculty adviser and editor-in-chief of the American Intellectual Property Law Association Quarterly Journal.
Professor Schaffner directs the GW Animal Law Program which consists of the GW Animal Welfare Project (AWP), a pro bono effort of faculty and students devoted to researching and improving the lives of animal through the law; seminars in animal law; and a student chapter of the Animal Legal Defense Fund (SALDF). She also coordinates the Animal Law Lawyering Project which provides students with outside placements in the animal law field. Additionally, Professor Schaffner has presented on animal law panels at conferences world-wide. Professor Schaffner’s most recent book entitled Introduction to Animals and the Law was published by Palgrave MacMillan in November 2010 as part of their Animal Ethics Series.
Professor Schaffner is a co-author and editor of two books published by the American bar Association: A Lawyer’s Guide to Dangerous Dog Issues and Litigating Animal Law Disputes: A Complete Guide for Lawyers and is author of the chapter “Laws and Policy to Address the Link of Family Violence” in The Link Between Animal Abuse and Humane Violence (Sussex Academic Press, 2009). Professor Schaffner is active in various organizations including: Past Chair, Publications Vice-Chair, and Newsletter Vice-Chair, ABA TIPS Animal Law Committee; Founding Chair of the AALS Section on Animal Law, and a consumer member for the District of Columbia Board of Veterinary Medicine. On a personal note, Professor Schaffner is a volunteer and foster for the Washington Humane Society. She shares her life and home with a magnificent group of felines and Rocky, an African Grey parrot.
is Professor of Pastoral Theology and Spirituality at St. Catherine University in St. Paul, Minnesota, where he has taught graduate and undergraduate students for over thirty years, and administered pastoral ministry, spiritual direction, and master’s degree programmes. He was also instrumental in founding the Wisdom Ways Spirituality Resource Center in St. Paul and was national chairperson of the National Association for Lay Ministry from 1986-1988. A graduate of the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, and a former chemical dependency counseller, he did his post-doctoral work at the St. Theosevia Centre of Christian Spirituality in Oxford, England, in the fall of 1988, when he also taught at St. Patrick’s College, Maynooth, Ireland. Dr Sellner is the author of numerous articles and twelve books, including Christian Ministry and the Fifth Step (Hazelden Foundation, 1981), Mentoring: the Ministry of Spiritual Kinship (Cowley Publications, 2002), The Celtic Soul Friend (Ave Maria Press, 2002), Pilgrimage: Exploring a Great Spiritual Practice (Soren Books, 2004), Stories of the Celtic Soul Friends: Their Meaning for Today (Paulist, 2004), Wisdom of the Celtic Saints (Bog Walk Press, 2006), Finding the Monk Within: Great Monastic Values for Today (HiddenSpring, 2008), and The Double: Male Eros, Friendships, and Mentoring—from Gilgamesh to Kerouac (Lethe Press, 2013). Professor Sellner is also a popular national and international speaker on the topics of mentoring, lay leadership, Celtic spirituality, the history of Christian monasticism, men’s issues, Thomas Merton and Zen Buddhism, and animal theology.
is Lecturer in Philosophy at Liverpool Hope University in the Theology, Philosophy and Religious Studies Department. He previously completed his doctoral research on Kierkegaard at Cambridge University. Alongside a number of articles and chapters, his books include Kierkegaard, Language and the Reality of God (Ashgate, 2001), The Inclusive God: Reclaiming Theology for an Inclusive Church, co-authored with Hugh Rayment-Pickard (Canterbury Press, 2006), Radical Orthodoxy: A Critical Introduction (SPCK, 2007), Prayers for an Inclusive Church (Canterbury Press, 2008), Derrida and Theology (Continuum, 2009) and Beyond Human: From Animality to Transhumanism (Continuum, 2012), co-edited with Claire Molloy and Charlie Blake. His research interests include continental philosophy of religion and the significance of philosophical distinctions between humans and animals and between machines and organisms. He is a patron of the Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals.
is Manager of the Department of Cellular Pathology for the North Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust, and was formerly the lead scientist and Manager for the Department of Cellular Pathology at Epsom General Hospital. He has also held the position of Designated Individual under the Human Tissue Act for the Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust. He is a Chartered Scientist, Chartered Biologist, Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, Fellow of the Institute of Biomedical Science, a Zoologist, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, and member of the Pathology Council of the Society. His past role working in veterinary science in the zoo industry convinced him that zoos offer nothing to conservation, education, or animal welfare. This led him to work for the abolition of this industry, and he has for several years been the scientific consultant for the Captive Animals’ Protection Society: an organisation committed to ending the keeping of animals in zoos and circuses, and halting the trade in animals for the exotic animal pet trade. He has lectured at all levels of education on such subjects as science and ethics, the zoo industry and its contribution to animal suffering, the animal and public health risks of animal captivity, human and animal pathology, and healthcare science. He has also presented on such subjects on radio and television, in the press, and at conferences. His publications range across biomedical science, wildlife conservation, animal captivity, and education. He developed and led a conservation and education project (‘Operation Curieuse’) in the Republic of The Seychelles to protect the endangered Aldabra Giant Tortoise. Because of the local knowledge he gained from leading this project, he was invited by a travel agent to lead a wildlife holiday in the Islands. The activities involved in this holiday and the impact that they had on the wildlife and the environment made him realise the danger presented to the natural world by ecotourism. His current research interest is in the field of zoonotic diseases, how animal captivity leads to the proliferation of such diseases, and how these impact on animal and human health and the environment.
is a Lecturer and a Researcher in Cultural Anthropology at the University of Udine, Italy. After a degree in Humanities at the University of Trieste, Italy, in 1996, she specialised in Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Padua, and received her PhD in 2006 for a dissertation on the anthropology of the animal rights movement. Her work was published in 2007 as Diritti Animali. Storia e antropologia di un movimento (Forum Ed.). Dr Tonutti is currently working at the Department of Economics, Society and Territory (University of Udine, Italy) and has carried out ethnographic research in Italy, Switzerland, and Great Britain. Her studies focus on human-animal relationships, new social movements (and particularly animal advocacy as a social and cultural phenomenon), biodiversity and local knowledge, anthropology of food, and epistemological reflections on the human-animal divide in anthropology. She is the author more than 30 articles and the following books: Water and Anthropology (EMI 2007); Manuale di zooantropologia (Meltemi, 2007, with R. Marchesini), and Animali magici (De Vecchi, 2000, with R. Marchesini).
also known as Krishna Kshetra Swami, is a fellow of the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies and the Dean of Studies at Bhaktivedanta College, Septon, Belgium. As a practicing monk in the Chaitanya Vaishnava tradition of Krishna-bhakti, he has been engaged since 1972 in the study and teaching of Indic cultural and religious ideas and practices (including teaching at the University of Florida and Chinese University of Hong Kong), with an emphasis on comparative-integrative understanding of dharmic traditions and a concern to relate these with contemporary cultures. After completing his DPhil at the University of Oxford with a study of Vaishnava temple liturgical practices and theology (published by Routledge in 2006 as Attending Kṛṣṇa’s Image: Caitanya Vaiṣṇava Mūrti-sevā As Devotional Truth), he has been participating in an extended study of the classical Sanskrit text, the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, of which he is presently completing an abridged translation for Columbia University Press (together with Ravi M. Gupta). Drawing on classical Indic sources, he has written and lectured on concepts of nonviolence and the containment of violence through ritual, and on the application of yoga principles and practices to thought on animal-human relations. In forthcoming work, he seeks to foster and participate in animal studies that draw upon and nourish Indic dharma traditions, including explorations of constructive thought on animal ethics for contemporary Hindu communities.
is an independent consultant biologist and medical scientist, whose current main role is as senior scientific advisor to the Emergent Disease Foundation (UK). Among his numerous qualifications, he holds a postgraduate diploma in medical science, a charter award in biology, and a charter award in science and is a registered European Professional Biologist. Since the early 1980s, he has specialised in reptile biology, welfare and protection, graduating at the Institute of Biology, London, in 1990. Since 2004, he has also specialised in zoonoses (diseases transmittable from non-human-animals to humans), graduating at University Medical School, Leeds. His research interests include reptile behaviour, euthanasia, anatomy, physiology, wildlife biology, ecology, and species and environmental conservation. His interests and work in human medicine involves zoonoses prevention education, epidemiology, primary care management of gastrointestinal disease, fever, and biological strategies in health and disease. Clifford has over 100 publications across his research fields. His major book project Health and Welfare of Captive Reptiles (co-edited with professor Fred Frye and Dr James B Murphy is the world’s leading scientific volume dedicated to reptile welfare. For more than two decades Clifford’s fieldwork has also included high-risk surveys and studies of human use/abuse of animals, conducted often in remote jungles and deserts. Clifford was one of the first and remains one of the few scientists to have SAS-personnel training in survival, infiltration, escape and evasion.
is the Conrad N. Hilton Professor in Business Ethics and Director of the Centre for Ethics and Business at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California. Professor White received his doctorate in philosophy from Columbia University and taught at Upsala College (1976-89) and Rider University (1989-94) in New Jersey before moving to California in 1994. His publications include five books: Right and Wrong (Prentice Hall, 1988), Discovering Philosophy (Prentice Hall, 1991), Business Ethics (Macmillan, 1993), Men and Women at Work (Career Press, 1994), and In Defense of Dolphins (Blackwell 2007), and numerous articles on topics ranging from sixteenth-century Renaissance humanism to business ethics. For the first twenty years of his career, Professor White specialised in the moral, social and political thought of Sir Thomas More. Since then, he has concentrated on contemporary applied ethics. His most recent research has focused on the philosophical implications – especially the ethical implications – of the scientific research on dolphins. His book on this topic (In Defense of Dolphins: The New Moral Frontier) addresses the ethical issues connected with human/dolphin interaction – in particular, the deaths and injuries of dolphins in connection with the human fishing industry and the captivity of dolphins in the entertainment industry. The book argues that dolphins should be considered nonhuman persons and that the current state of dolphin/human interaction is ethically indefensible. He is currently studying the parallels between defences of slavery two hundred years ago and contemporary defences of the deaths, injuries and captivity of dolphins at the hands of humans. Professor White is a Scientific Adviser to the Wild Dolphin Project, a research organisation studying a community of Atlantic spotted dolphins in the Bahamas. He is also an Ambassador of the United Nations’ Year of the Dolphin programme. He was the 2007 Verizon Visiting Professor of Business, Ethics and Information Technology at the Centre for Business Ethics at Bentley College in Waltham, Massachusetts.
serves as National Coordinator, Discipleship Resource Development for National Ministries, American Baptist Churches, USA. Dr Williams has worked in Christian educational development since 1998. She is interested in the processes by which persons are moved to change long-held beliefs and long-standing practices. She received her EdD from Union Theological Seminary/Presbyterian School of Christian Education in Richmond, Virginia. In her doctoral dissertation, ‘Andrew Linzey’s Animal Theology and the Educational Ministry of the Christian Church: Guidelines for Educating Toward Transformation of the Human/Animal Relationship’, she sought to draw insights from Linzey’s writings and place them alongside the work of transformational educational theorists to outline an effective teaching approach for potentially controversial topics. A second area of interest lies in the development of a creation/creature theology that integrates the biblical witness and bridges the gap between environmentalists and animal proponents. Her publications include: Children Among Us: Foundations in Children’s Ministries, (ed), Louisville: Witherspoon Press, 2003; Children, Poverty, and the Bible, Valley Forge: National Ministries Communications, 2006; ‘Introduction for Parents and Leaders’, Tobee and the Amazing Bird Choir, Louisville: Bridge Resources, 1999; Left Behind: The Facts Behind the Fiction Companion Guide (Valley Forge: Judson Press, 2006); ‘Liberating the Enlightenment: How a Transformed Relationship with Animals Can Help Us Transcend Modernity’, Religious Education, Vol. 98, Winter 2003, 95–107; ‘Please, Don’t Call Me a Vegetarian’, Horizons, Summer 2000, and ‘Sunday School Lessons’, Christian Citizen: Voices for Biblical Justice, Vol. 2, 2004.
is a Secular Franciscan, and a faculty member at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania where she teaches writing and literature. She previously held teaching appointments in English and the Humanities at Strayer University in Washington D.C., and Empire State College in New York State. She has a bachelor’s degree in English from St Bonaventure University, and two master’s degrees: in English Literature from SUNY College at Fredonia (State University of New York), and Humanities from SUNY at Buffalo, both awarded summa cum laude. She serves as a consulting editor for the Journal of Animal Ethics. Her articles, interviews, and poetry and book reviews have been published in many journals, including: Array, The Cord, Metropolitain, St. Andrew’s Press, Olympus and the Journal of Animal Ethics. She is the former Educational Coordinator for the School of Franciscan Studies at St. Bonaventure University in Allegany, New York. The School is part of the internationally-known Franciscan Institute, and a leader in the field of Franciscan teaching, research, and publication. Her particular interest is in pioneering a contemporary Franciscan understanding of animal life, especially as it relates to the Franciscan mission of ‘Justice, Peace, and the Integrity of Creation’. This means expanding the ‘umbrella of ecological stewardship’ within the Franciscan family to include working for the ethical treatment of animals.
Joshua Bennett hails from Yonkers, NY. He is a third-year doctoral candidate in the English Department at Princeton University, Callaloo Fellow, and, as of this summer, teacher of 8th grade Composition. He received his BA, magna cum laude, in English and Africana Studies from the University of Pennsylvania in 2010 before earning his MA in Theatre and Performance Studies from the University of Warwick as a Marshall Scholar. His work at the intersections of black studies, disability studies, ecocriticism and animal ethics has been published, or is forthcoming, in The Journal of Ecocritcism, Disability Studies Quarterly, Drunken Boat, and a recent anthology of critical responses to the poetry of Robert Hayden. Joshua is also a poet, and has recited his original work at events such as the Sundance Film Festival, the NAACP Image Awards, and President Obama’s Evening of Poetry and Music at the White House.
is a Lecturer at Dartmouth College. He holds a Ph.D. in comparative literature from the University of Notre Dame (2014) and a Dottorato di Ricerca in Italianistica from the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (2007). His current research focuses on representations of animals and animality in modern literature, visual art, and philosophy. Benvegnù has published essays and articles on issues such as poetry produced in peripheral languages (particularly by multilingual and diglossic communities) and the interactions between aesthetics, history, and nature. He is currently completing a book project on the ethical and aesthetic value of literary animals in the work of the Jewish-Italian writer and Holocaust survivor Primo Levi.
is an Adjunct Associate Lecturer and doctoral candidate in the Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, Australia. He has a Master of Laws from the University of Sydney and a Bachelor of Arts in Communications (Journalism)/Bachelor of Laws (with honours) from the University of Technology, Sydney. His research interests include the regulation and possible extension of legal personhood and guardianship to embryos, foetuses and non-human animals. In the animal law arena, his research focus is on addressing the consequences of law’s classification of companion animals as property. Recent publications include ‘A Companion Animal’s Worth: The Only ‘Family Member’ Still Regarded as Legal Property’, in the second edition of Australasia’s leading animal law text, Animal Law in Australasia (Second ed, Federation Press, 2013), ‘Towards an Animal-Friendly Family Law: Recognising the Welfare of Family Law’s Forgotten Family Members’, in Griffith Law Review, 19:2 (2010) and ‘The Marriage of Family Law and Animal Rights: How Should Australian Family Law Approach the Rise of “Pet Custody” Disputes?’, in Alternative Law Journal, 31:4 (2006).
is a Ph.D. candidate in Religion at Vanderbilt University. His area of study is the History and Critical Theories of Religion (HACTOR) with a minor in philosophy. He is currently working on his dissertation titled Bear Traps: (Un)doing Human-Animal Entanglements in the Study of Religion. His areas of specialisation encompass method and theory in the study of religion, Buddhist traditions, Critical Animal Studies, and Animals and Religion. When not working on his Japanese, his research includes religion in Japan and the role of animals in the constellation of what gets to count as “religion,” particularly behaviour deemed religious, and who gets to inhabit its fields of study.
is Tutor for the Cuddesdon School of Theology and Ministry (CSTM) at Ripon College Cuddesdon, Oxford. As Tutor, she oversees the CSTM programme and teaches a variety of subjects, including liturgy, psychology of religion, and ethics. She completed her Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology at George Mason University in the U.S.A., and her MA in the Psychology of Religion at Heythrop College, University of London. The portion of her MA thesis relating to animal welfare, A psychological approach to contradictions between Christian teaching and attitudes towards animals was presented at the 2011 conference of the British Association of Social Anthropology. Jennifer trained for the Church of England ministry on the St Albans and Oxford Ministry Course and was ordained in the Church of England in 2005. She was formerly Chaplain to Jesus College, Oxford. Her review of Trevor Beeson’s The Church’s Other Half: Women’s Ministry appeared in Theology in 2012. She is a Committee Member of the Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals and editor of their magazine, Animalwatch.
has recently been awarded a PhD by the University of Birmingham for her thesis on Christianity and vegetarianism 1809 – 2009. Her publications include “A Taste of Eden: Modern Christianity and Vegetarianism”, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 58, No. 3, July 2007, and “‘Ours is the Food that Eden Knew’: Themes in the Theology and Practice of Modern Christian Vegetarians”, Eating and Believing, Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Vegetarianism and Theology, edited by Rachel Muers and David Grumett, T. & T. Clark, 2008. Encyclopedia entries include: “The Internet” in the Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism, edited by Margaret Paskar-Pasewicz, ABC-CLIO, 2011, “Vegetarianism in Britain and America” in the Global Guide to Animal Protection, edited by Andrew Linzey, University of Illinois Press, 2013, and “Vegetarianism” in the Encyclopedia of Bioethics , fourth edition, Macmillan, forthcoming. She is a member of the academic advisory board of the Christian Vegetarian Association U.K. (CVAUK). Sam is currently working on a new edited edition of one of the earliest vegetarian domestic manuals Vegetarian Cookery by A Lady (Martha Brotherton) for Manchester University Press. Samantha has worked in communications for both the Vegetarian and Vegan Societies (UK).
is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario. She teaches classes in the area of Critical Animal Studies, which engages an intersectional approach to “the question of the animal.” As such, Dr Corman’s interdisciplinary scholarship draws on animal rights/liberation, posthumanist, feminist, critical race, labour and environmental theories and practices. Much of her graduate work focused on an analysis of Canadian and U.S. slaughterhouses, with emphasis on the industrialized exploitation of pigs. Her doctoral dissertation, The Ventriloquist’s Burden? Animals, Voice, and Politics analysed voice and its relationship to nonhuman animal subjectivities. This project was inspired in part through her many years as the host and producer of the weekly animal issues radio program, “Animal Voices”, on CIUT 89. FM in Toronto. Her current research interests include animal agency and resistance, theories of abjection, and coalition-building among social justice movements. Dr Corman has been interviewed for Satya, Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, and Striking at the Roots: A Practical Guide to Animal Activism. She was the guest editor for “Animal,” a unique issue of Undercurrents: Journal of Critical Environmental Studies in 2008. Her publications include: “Impossible Subjects: The Figure of the Animal in Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed”, Journal of Environmental Education, 16, 29-45, 2011, and “Getting Their Hands Dirty: Raccoons, Freegans, and ‘Urban Trash'”, Journal for Critical Animal Studies, LX, 3, 28-61, 2011.
is a doctoral candidate in the Humanities Program at Salve Regina University in Newport, Rhode Island. She holds a CAGS degree in the Humanities from Salve Regina University, a Master of Education degree from Rhode Island College, and a Bachelor of Arts degree from the School of Management at Boston College in Massachusetts. She received her certification as a Director/Supervisor of Curriculum Development from the University of Massachusetts – Boston (BSC). Carol has taught at the elementary, secondary and university levels, the latter at Salve Regina University and most recently at Johnson and Wales University, in the areas of Public Speaking, English, and English as a Second Language. Having spent three years teaching in Nairobi, Kenya at St. Mary’s School (a member of the Conference of British Public Schools), Carol’s life-long interest in animals expanded into the area of ‘wildlife’ conservation. Her dissertation will involve an exploration of past and present ‘wildlife’ conservation programs in East Africa, focusing on their ethical, religious and philosophical perspectives. Carol is a member of the Defenders of Animals organisation, which is committed to the defense of the rights of both companion animals and ‘wildlife’ through education and legislative action. She has testified before the Rhode Island Senate regarding bills which advance the ethical treatment of companion animals. She also works with several animal rescue groups, involving the placement of domestic animals and the legislative action necessary for their well-being and protection.
is a student in the Master of Divinity course at the University of Divinity in Melbourne. She is an aspiring animal theologian and is part-way through a doctoral thesis titled “A Theology of Animal Beauty”. Elizabeth has qualifications in biological science, arts, and education, and has a First Class Honours degree in English Literature from the University of Queensland. Elizabeth’s specific scholarly interests are animal theology; the place and treatment of non-human animals in varying religious traditions; changing understandings of animals across cultures and historical periods; the representation of animals in poetry, film, fine art; and the aesthetics of animals. She is the author of “Ecological Asceticism: Saint Basil the Great in Conversation with John Zizioulas”, in Tjurunga: An Australasian Benedictine Review 84 (Easter 2014), pp. 42-53. Elizabeth’s main advocacy concerns are live animal export; ethical food production; animals as “raw materials” and experimental subjects; animal abuse and neglect. She is a member of the Australian Animal Studies Group and the Animals and Society Institute.
is a barrister and a PhD research student within the School of Social Science and Public Policy at King’s College, London. She was called to the Bar and practised in family law before becoming a Senior Policy Adviser to the Minister of Justice. Additionally she advised the Official Solicitor on Court of Protection matters and led the introduction of a section of The Access to Justice Act. She voluntarily served for fifteen years in public health as a non-executive Director of an NHS Health Authority and member of the Research Ethics Committee. She also sat on an Independent Mental Health Enquiry and worked closely with the HFT charity for the learning disabled. Sally recently completed a Masters Degree in Human Values and Global Ethics at King’s College, London, where she became interested in animal ethics. She was an adviser to the Institute of Global Ethics and a Trustee of the Ethox Foundation. Her current PhD research aims to use her experience to investigate how public policy might better reflect the moral status of animals and includes interviews with global leaders and decision makers. She is particularly interested in the wider probability that our treatment of animals may reflect our attitude to each other and the environment. She is especially concerned to show that our relationship with animals is of such fundamental importance that it must be underpinned with global policy. She is a member of Chatham House, London.
is currently a JSPS postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Philosophy at Hokkaido University. She graduated both in Philosophy and Law and received her PhD in Philosophy from the University of Valencia. Her doctoral dissertation focused on Martha Nussbaum’s thought and the Capabilities Approach. She has published various articles in peer-reviewed journals and book chapters in academic books, including ‘How to evaluate Justice?’ and ‘La noción plural de sujeto de justicia’ and presented papers at international conferences as University of Tübingen, Hokkaido University, and Trento University/ Complutense University. Currently she is working on a research project on the correlations between capabilities, emotions and values. She is deeply interested in examining the epistemological role of compassion in relation to justice for especially vulnerable groups, in particular non-human animals.
teaches European law, and sport and the law at the University of Limerick, where she is also Course Director for Law and European Studies, and Law Plus. She has published in the areas of drug testing and the rights of athletes, elder law, the regulation of football agents, TV rights in Irish football, EC competition law, and animal welfare in the EU. She is currently co-authoring the third edition of Modern Irish Company Law with Professor Henry Ellis. She graduated with a master’s degree in Law from the University of Limerick in 2002, and is currently pursuing a PhD through the School of Law, at Queen’s University Belfast. Her doctoral work combines her interests in sport, law, and animal welfare by examining the regulation of animal cruelty in sport. She is examining animal welfare from a socio-legal perspective focusing on the development of animal related legislation in Ireland and Britain, and its application to animals involved in fox hunting, hare coursing, greyhound racing, and dog fighting.
is a Ph.D. student in Philosophy at Rice University in Houston, Texas. Before coming to Texas in 2010, he completed a Vordiplom (a Bachelor’s degree) in Physics and subsequently a Diplom (a Master’s degree) in Theoretical Physics at Heidelberg University in Germany. He was also a Visiting Student in Philosophy at the University of Oxford and at the University of Ulm in Germany during 2004-5. While in Heidelberg, he organised Germany’s first interdisciplinary lecture series on animal rights. He edited the papers from the series in a book entitled Tierrechte – Eine interdisziplinäre Herausforderung, published by Harald Fischer Verlag in 2007. The book contributed to a more thoughtful public and academic debate about animals in the German-speaking world. His other relevant publications include ‘Innocent Threats and the Moral Problem of Carnivorous Animals’, Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2012), pp. 146-159. Co-authored with Tibor R. Machan, the article addresses the issue of predation and what it may imply morally. His doctoral dissertation will defend a novel account of the wrongness of killing animals. He has lectured and published in numerous countries, including Kenya, Morocco, Bangladesh, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Portugal as well as in Germany and the USA on animal ethics and other topics in moral philosophy. His special interests are in Moral Philosophy (especially Animal Ethics and Global Justice), Epistemology, Political Philosophy, Logic, Mathematics and Physics.
has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, where he was the recipient of the Virgil C. Aldrich prize awarded for dedication to, and excellence in, the study of philosophy. He spent a year studying Philosophy and Animal Ethics at Mansfield College, Oxford University, and was also a Committee Member of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society. Max has worked as a policy analyst intern at the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) where he focused on the source of lion meat sold in the United States as well as noise pollution in the ocean and its effect on whale communication and migration. He has been an Existentialism teaching assistant for the Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth during the summers of 2012 and 2013. Max has reviewed Timothy Pachirat’s Every Twelve Seconds: Industrialized Slaughter and the Politics of Sight for the Journal of Animal Ethics, and is currently working on a paper on sentiency in fish and its moral implications.
holds a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Waterloo, in Ontario, Canada. Her dissertation is titled: ‘Agency and Autonomy: A New Direction for Animal Ethics’. In this thesis she develops a new theory of animal ethics that focuses on the importance of autonomy and the ability to form a self-concept in animals, using current research in animal cognition, self-awareness, including an analysis of the concept of autonomy in moral theories. Her first degree was in Philosophy from the University of Guelph, and her master’s degree (also at Guelph) was in the area of environmental ethics and the concept of intrinsic value – an area in which she continues to research, with an emphasis on the relationships between humans, non-human animals, and nature. She has taught at the University of Waterloo, University of Guelph, and Wilfrid Laurier University in the areas of applied ethics. She currently teaches at the University of Guelph-Humber in Media Studies, and continues to teach environmental philosophy online through the University of Guelph and Humber College. She has unpublished papers on ‘Animal Consciousness and the Mischievous Whale’, and ‘Korsgaard’s Fellow Creatures: Are Animals Ends-in-themselves?’ Her current research interests include the representation and ethics of animals in the media, post-Kantian animal ethics, and the role of empathy in moral thinking.
is currently studying towards a Master of Arts in Divinity at the University of Chicago, where he is pursuing his interests in applied philosophy and religious studies. He graduated first in philosophy with First Class Honours from the University of Melbourne and spent a year at St Peter’s College, Oxford, reading philosophy and theology. His recent academic work on non-human animals includes an article developing Schweitzer’s concept of reverence for life and a comparative study of the place of creatures and creation in Islam and Christianity, both of which are to be published by the Journal of Animal Ethics. He also wrote an essay on the Christian view of animals and vegetarianism for Aedificamus, the journal of Queen’s College, Melbourne. Besides his academic life, Carl is somewhat of an aesthete: passionate about all art forms, he is an amateur photographer, poet, and musician. He is currently working on his first novel, a work of dystopian fiction exploring the Nietzschean project of a transvaluation of all values in which animals will certainly play a significant role.
teaches Classics at St John’s School, Leatherhead, and has recently been appointed Assistant Master in Classics at Winchester College. She was awarded a DPhil from University College, Oxford in 2012. In 2008 she was awarded a Masters in Classics from the University of Oxford with distinction.Previously, she gained a double first in Literae Humaniores from Oriel College, Oxford, and at finals came in the top ten of her year, receiving the Gaisford essay prize from the faculty for the best undergraduate thesis in Classics. She has been awarded numerous other prizes, including the Gibbs Prize in Classics, the Lady Norma Dalrymple-Champneys Prize, and the C. E. Stevens scholarship for travel, as well as being awarded full AHRC funding to complete her MSt in Classics at Oxford. She was College Lecturer in Classics at Trinity College, Oxford, in 2011-2012. She has published on several aspects of Greek poetry in Ramus and Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, contributed to the forthcoming Blackwell-Wiley Virgil Encyclopedia, and edited a newly-discovered papyrus of Homer’s Iliad for the Oxyrhynchus collection, which will be published in a forthcoming volume of the Oxyrhynchusjournal; she was employed part-time as a cataloguer for the Oxyrhynchus collection in Oxford which involves identifying unpublished papyri and contributing to a new database. Her interests include Greco-Roman attitudes to, and representations of, animals in literature and philosophy, as well as the role of the animal in 19th- and early-20th-century children’s literature. She was a founding member and President of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society.
works at the Beazley Archive, University of Oxford. He is a graduate of Christ Church, Oxford, where he was awarded a first class BA in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History and an MSt in Classical Archaeology. As an undergraduate he received the Fell exhibition at Christ Church, and Oxford University’s Thomas Whitcombe Greene prize for Classical Art and Archaeology. After his BA he spent two years working for pioneering cosmetics company Lush. In 2013 he obtained a PhD in Classics at the University of Reading for a thesis on the iconography of animal skin garments in Archaic Greek art. While a PhD student he authored the chapter on Animals in Classical Art for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life (ed. Gordon Campbell) and completed the sourcebook Animals in the Classical World: Ethical Perspectives from Greek and Roman Texts for the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics series, published in 2013. His research interests include depictions of animals and half-animals in literature and art from the prehistoric era to the present day, particularly in regard to ethical responses to animal imagery. He hopes to pursue extensive research on the semantics of animal imagery in Classical art, particularly on animals and the articulation of power in Roman public art; he convened the panel The Art History of the Animal for the Association of Art Historians conference in April 2013. He was a founding member of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society, and has taught at the Universities of Oxford, Reading and Winchester.
is the Principal Law Clerk for the Honorable James P. Sullivan in Supreme Court, Criminal Term in Brooklyn, New York. She previously worked as a criminal defence attorney for the Brooklyn Defender Services and the Legal Aid Society where she conducted a variety of trials in state court. She has recently completed a Masters of Arts Degree in History at Hunter College in New York. In her thesis entitled “Life Among the Savages: Animal Advocacy in Nineteenth-Century America,” she explored the historical significance of the early animal advocacy movement and considered how it complemented other social movements during this period. She has worked on various publications on behalf of the Animal Law Committee of the New York City Bar. She wrote a comment supporting proposed Bill H.R. 4269 (“The Best Practices Act”) an act proposing a complete phase-in of human-based training methods to train members of the Armed Forces in the treatment of severe combat injuries. She is presently co-writing a comment on a revised version of the bill. She assisted in the preparation of “Reporting Suspected Animal Cruelty and Neglect in New York State” and contributed to the search and seizure section of the legal manual on animal fighting entitled “Prosecuting Animal Fighting and Live Depictions: Legal Issues under New York and Federal Law.”
Her research interests include the study of the commonalities between animal advocacy and other nineteenth-century reform movements in the United States. She is presently working on a paper entitled “Henry Bergh and the ‘Cost of Cruelty’” to be delivered at a conference in April at the University of North Texas entitled “Moral Cultures of Food: Access, Production and Consumption from Past to Present.”
is a fourth year doctoral candidate in Philosophy at the University of Toronto. Before coming to Toronto, he studied philosophy and international relations at Calvin College, Michigan. His research centres on bringing important work in animal ethics to bear on the realm of political theory. In his dissertation, he argues that protecting and upholding the rights of non-human animals requires not only that humans end many exploitative practices involving other animals, but also that we radically rethink how other animals exist in, and relate to, our legal and political institutions. He is the co-author, with Nathan Nobis, of ‘A Moral Argument for Veganism’ (forthcoming in Routledge’s Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments on the Ethics of Eating) and has work forthcoming in the Journal of Animal Ethics.
is currently working toward a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, and has spent the 2013-2014 at Mansfield College, Oxford, where he has studied Ancient Philosophy and Animal Ethics and received the Best Visiting Student award for Hilary Term. He was also a Committee Member of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society in his time there and was the leader of the Clean Up Cruelty Campaign for Oxford Students for Animals (OSFA). He has written a forthcoming review of Alistair Holden’s Animals in the Classical World: Ethical Perspectives from Greek and Roman Texts for the Journal for Animal Ethics and will be presenting at the Oxford Summer School for Religion and Animal Protection on the role of Venus in the Roman poet Lucretius’ De Rerum Natura and her connection to animal ethics in the work. His interests include Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Neoplatonism, particularly with regard their views on animal ethics, the psychology behind the change from a meat-eating to a vegetarian or vegan diet, and American Transcendentalism and Pragmatism as they relate to the philosophy of natural science.
graduated from the University of Glasgow Veterinary College in 1971 with a degree in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery. From 1971 to 1980 she worked in private veterinary practice in Glasgow, Epsom, and the Isle of Arran, and, from 1981 to 1986, she worked for the PDSA in Nottingham. In 1986 she moved to Cheshire, where she did occasional locum work in small animal practice. In 1989, she retired from practice. A heightened awareness of environmental problems – in particular, the loss of biodiversity and global animal welfare problems, the discovery of Peter Singer’s book Animal Liberation, and the exposé of some of the experiments which were being done on animals in the name of science predisposed to her returning to university in 1996. In 2000, she graduated with a BA in Philosophy and Environmental Management from the University of Keele. In 2001, she was awarded an MA in Values and the Environment from the University of Lancaster, with a dissertation entitled ‘The Relevance of Chaos to Environmental Ethics’. She returned to the University of Lancaster to research the relevance of the study of complex adaptive systems to environmental ethics – with particular focus on the epistemological basis for the use of animals in scientific experimentation. The study was multidisciplinary in nature, and she graduated with an MPhil in Philosophy in 2011. Her thesis was entitled ‘Animal Experimentation, Complexity and Animal Ethics’. She has presented at various institutions, including the University of Lancaster and at the Minding Animals Conference in Utrecht.
is visiting assistant professor in religious ethics at Siena College in Latham, NY. His recent publications include Christian Theology and the Status of Animals: The Dominant Tradition and Its Alternatives in the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series (2014) and Preservation and Protest: Theological Foundations for an Eco-Eschatological Ethics (Fortress Press, 2014), as well as a number of articles. Currently, he is working on a manuscript for Fortress Press on Christian theology and the origin of natural evil. His central research interest is nonhuman theological ethics, however, he also has publications in the areas of interreligious dialogue and feminism.
is a doctoral candidate at the School of Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford. She has an MA in Philosophy from Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, and an MS in Anthrozoology from Canisius College, Buffalo, New York. She is an editor of the collection Trash Animals: How We Live with Nature’s Filthy, Feral, Invasive and Unwanted Species (University of Minnesota Press, 2013) that offers new perspectives on ethical engagement with so-called ‘pest’ species. Current research for her doctoral thesis focuses on street cattle welfare in India, which is an extension of her previous research on cattle welfare in various cultural contexts in different parts of the world. Some of this research on cattle welfare in Spain, India, Argentina, the United States and England can be read on the blog worldcowgirl.wordpress.com, which received a 2012 Culture and Animals Foundation grant. During the 2013-2014 school year she served as vice president of the Oxford University Animal Ethics society. Current writing interests combine critical animal studies with cultural geography.
is a social worker who lives and works in country north-east Tasmania, Australia. He has spent most of his life in country communities, and animals have always been part and parcel of the wider Ryan household. In 1993 he graduated with a Bachelor of Social Work with First Class Honours degree from James Cook University in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. His honours thesis, the first in social work concerning animals, was entitled ‘The Widening Circle: Should Social Work Concern Itself with Nonhuman Animal Rights?’ In late 2006, he was awarded a PhD in social work by Edith Cowan University in Bunbury, Western Australia, with a doctoral thesis, the first in the discipline, titled ‘Social Work, Independent Realities, and the Circle of Moral Considerability: Respect for Humans, Animals and the Natural World’.
Dr Ryan’s publications include Animals and Social Work: A Moral Introduction (2011), and his edited Animals in Social Work: Why and How They Matter (2014), both published by Palgrave Macmillan as part of their Animal Ethics Book Series. He has also published ‘Social Work and Nonhuman Animal Rights’, Northern Radius,1(1), November 1993, and a chapter in Environmental Social Work (Routledge, 2012). Dr Ryan’s doctoral theses and publications represent pioneering contributions to the discipline of social work; they present cogent arguments for the inclusion of animals within social work’s moral and conceptual frameworks, and articulate a revised social work code of ethics that has profound theoretical and practical consequences for the discipline and its practitioners.
is a professor in the Department of Humanities at Dawson College in Montreal, Canada, where he teaches courses in environmental and animal ethics. He graduated with a BA (First Class Honours) in Political Science from McGill University in 2004. He won a British Chevening scholarship to the University of Oxford gaining an MPhil in Political Theory in 2007. His MPhil dissertation examined the different modes of political communication used by Peter Singer and Martin Luther King, Jr. in delineating the boundaries of the moral community. He subsequently completed a research internship at the Martin Luther King Jr., Research and Education Institute at Stanford University in 2008, where he provided research assistance for two of Professor Clayborne Carson’s publications. His main research interests are the moral status of non-human animals, and the social movements working towards the expansion of our sphere of moral consideration, including the animal rights movement. His most recent research has focused on the psychological conditions that are likely to make non-academics receptive to the demands of these social movements. For instance, he spent the summer of 2012 at Stanford University’s Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education (CCARE) in order to complete the Compassion Cultivation Training course and to study the effects of contemplative practices on compassionate behaviour. He is the author of an article on the legal rights of great apes for The Global Guide to Animal Protection (forthcoming from the University of Illinois Press). He was also involved with the political aspect of the animal rights movement during his stint as a House of Commons researcher in the United Kingdom in 2003, where he worked on behalf of Mrs Julie Morgan MP on an ultimately successful bill making it illegal to hunt with hounds. In his efforts to educate the public about the importance of making ethical food choices, he co-launched the Quebec Meatless Mondays campaign in 2010. He also regularly collaborates with the Montreal Vegetarian Association to organise public events and to publish online documents on issues relevant to animal ethics.
is pursuing his PhD in Early American and Atlantic History at the College of William and Mary. He also serves as an editorial apprentice at the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture. He earned his bachelor’s degree in history from Rider University, and has spent the last five years teaching World History at Burlington Township High School, in Burlington, New Jersey. His research focuses on the development and evolution of animal ethics in the Early Modern Atlantic World, with particular emphasis on the culture of sensibility and its concomitant model of moral masculinity. His latest publication ‘Animals made Americans Human: Sentient Creatures and the Creation of Early America’s Moral Sensibility,’ is due to be published by the Journal of Animal Ethics, Vol. 2, Fall 2012. He was also recently commissioned by The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia to write an essay on ‘Animal Protection’.
Is a Juris Doctor from Monash University currently working in the field of legal research. Previously, she was awarded a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Queensland, majoring in Philosophy and English Literature. She also studied Animal Law as a visiting student at Bond University. Jordan has written numerous articles on animal topics, including free range labelling and consumer law rights, a case note concerning whaling in the Antarctic, empathy in the human and animal rights movements, and how meaningful change for animals can be created via international law mechanisms. She has also co-written various papers on animal welfare and human rights law with Stephen Keim, SC. Jordan has recently undertaken work with the Environmental Defenders’ Office, drafting and editing material for their online legal handbook. In 2012, Jordan was awarded first prize in the NSW Young Lawyers Animal Law Essay Competition and also the second prize in the Australian Legal Philosophy Student Association Essay Competition. As a law student, Jordan volunteered in a family and animal law firm, as well as her local community legal centre. During her undergraduate years, she undertook an internship with People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) in Manila. Her present academic research focusses on how the animal law movement can be furthered through an international law framework.
is a PhD candidate at the Department of Political Science, Stockholm University. A long-time animal rights advocate and social activist, he has been active in the Swedish animal rights movement since the mid-90s, and served as the President and Director of Animal Rights Sweden (Djurens Rätt), Sweden’s largest animal rights organization, from 2003 to 2007. His research interest centres on the reproduction of speciesist ideology in political discourses of the human-animal relationship, especially how animal ‘welfare’ and ‘protection’ policies often serve to legitimate continued nonhuman oppression. His first publication is: ‘Protecting the Animals? An Abolitionist Critique of Animal Welfarism and Green Ideology’, in: Ragnhild Sollund (ed) Global Harms: Ecological Crime and Speciesism (New York: Nova Science Publishers, forthcoming in 2008).
is Senior Policy and Legal Resource Adviser to World Animal Net, where she also serves as the organization’s main representative at the United Nations. An independent legislative consultant in the field of animal protection, she formerly served as Assistant Legislative Counsel to the Humane Society of the United States and Animal Welfare Fellow in the United States Senate (office of Senator Mary Landrieu, D-LA). Townsend received her Juris Doctorate from Georgetown Law and her Bachelor of Arts degree from Stanford University with distinction. She currently serves as Diversity Subcommittee Chair of the Animal Law Committee within the American Bar Association’s Tort, Trial, and Insurance Practice Section, as was a former Student Vice- Chair of the same committee. Active in her faith community and interested in the extension of compassionate stewardship toward animals within ecology, she is a member of a local faith-based integrity of creation committee, and was named a 2012 Young Adult Eco-Justice Fellow by the National Council of Churches. Townsend formerly served as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Animal Law at Michigan State University College of Law, and her research has been published in the Journal of Animal Ethics, and The Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics (forthcoming).
is a PhD candidate and Teaching Fellow in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at the University of North Texas. He received his BA in Philosophy from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, and his MA in Philosophy from Colorado State University, where he wrote his thesis on invasive species management from an animal ethics perspective. Joey’s areas of specialization include animal, environmental, and food ethics, as well as the intersection of these areas. Within his work on animal ethics, Joey has focused much of his attention on the role of religion and religious beliefs in attitudes toward and treatment of animals, particularly regarding Indian philosophico-religious traditions. His doctoral dissertation, the working title of which is “A Critique of the Food/Drug Distinction,” examines the ontological categories of “food” and “drug” through various hermeneutic lenses, evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of different ways of interpreting both the relationship between these categories as well as individual substances. Joey has published articles on the invasivore movement and animal/environmental pragmatism in the Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics. He also works as a Programme Coordinator on a number of projects for the nonprofit animal advocacy organisation Farm Forward, including education initiatives with Jonathan Safran Foer, author of Eating Animals.
is a doctoral candidate at the School of Law in the University of Essex. Her research addresses the efficacy of regulatory licensing regimes as a means of guaranteeing effective animal protection in the U.K. She has worked for over a decade in the NGO sector, focusing in large part on the conservation and care of non-human primates and as a campaigner on issues surrounding the captivity of non-domesticated animals. Her publications include: “Making It Up As They Go Along: Marius and the Zoo Industry’s Inconsistent Approach to Self-Regulation”, Journal of Animal Welfare Law, March 2014; “For An End to Pinioning: The Case Against the Legal Mutilation of Birds”, Journal of Animal Ethics, Spring 2014 and “Regulating cruelty: The licensing of the use of wild animals in circuses”, Journal of Animal Welfare Law, January 2013.
is the Deputy Director of the Sider Center on Ministry and Public Policy at Eastern University. Her research interests include evangelical theology as it relates to nonhuman animals, including exploring ways that Christian theology and praxis can promote animal liberation and shine light on the intersectionality of oppression. She holds a BA in Political Science from the University of Oregon and an MTS from Palmer Seminary. She is the author of Animals Are Not Ours (No, Really They’re Not): An Evangelical Animal Liberation Theology (Cascade Books, 2016) and Vegangelical: How Caring for Animals Can Shape Our Faith (Zondervan, forthcoming). In addition to books, she writes articles on her personal website (SarahWithrowKing.com) and for the Sider Center (EvangelicalsforSocialAction.org).