Founding Fellows:

Professor Ara Paul Barsam, DPhil

completed his DPhil at the University of Oxford where he served as Tutor in the Study of Religions in the Faculty of Theology. Presently, Dr Barsam is an Associate Research Professor at Arizona State University where he also serves as the Senior Director for Grants and Research in the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College. He has also held positions with the Armenian Foreign Ministry and the U.S. Embassy in Armenia. Dr Barsam has written numerous articles on theology and animals, including entries on ‘St Francis of Assisi’ and ‘Albert Schweitzer’ (with Andrew Linzey) in Fifty Key Thinkers on the Environment, edited by J. A. Palmer, (Routledge, 2001), and co-authored with Andrew Linzey, an entry on ‘Cloning of Animals in Genetic Research: Ethical and Religious Issues’ in David N. Cooper (Editor-in-chief) Nature Encyclopaedia of the Human Genome (London: Nature Publishing Group, 2003). His acclaimed book: Reverence for Life: Albert Schweitzer’s Great Contribution to Ethical Thought was published by Oxford University Press in 2009.

Professor Mark H. Bernstein, PhD

holds the Joyce and Edward E Brewer Chair in Applied Ethics at Purdue University. He specialises in animal ethics, more specifically on the issues of animals’ moral status, and the extent, scope, and content of human obligations to nonhuman animals. In addition to working on papers in these areas, Professor Bernstein is in the process of writing a book arguing that both the considerability of the interests of nonhuman animals and the value of the lives of nonhuman animals are as significant as their human counterparts. Professor Bernstein’s books include Fatalism (University of Nebraska Press, 1992), On Moral Considerability (Oxford University Press, 1998), and Without A Tear (University of Illinois Press, 2004).


Dr Aysha Akhtar, MD, MPH

Aysha Akhtar, M.D., M.P.H., is the President and CEO of the Center for Contemporary Sciences, which is catalyzing the world’s transition away from unreliable animal experiments to innovative medical research and testing. She is a double-board certified neurologist and preventive medicine specialist, with a background in public health. Previously she served as Deputy Director of the U.S. Army Traumatic Brain Injury Program developing the Army’s Brain Injury prevention and treatment strategies for soldiers. As a Commander in the US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Dr. Akhtar frequently deployed to assist with national public health emergencies. For a decade, Dr. Akhtar was a Medical Officer at the Food and Drug Administration, most recently in the Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats, implementing studies on vaccine effectiveness and safety and using her Top Secret Security Clearance to develop national preparedness strategies for public health threats.  She is published in peer-reviewed journals including The Lancet, Pediatrics, Journal of Public Health Policy, and Reviews in the Neurosciences. Dr. Akhtar is the author of the two books, Our Symphony With Animals. On Health, Empathy and Our Shared Destinies.  and Animals and Public Health, which argues for the need for health institutions to include animals as part of the “public” in public health. She is a TEDx speaker.

Professor Sandra K. Alexander, DPhil

is Assistant Professor of Humanities at the American University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. In July 2013, she was Visiting Fellow at Harris Manchester College, Oxford, and a participant in the College’s Summer Research Institute. She earned a BA and an MPhil in art history from the University of California, Irvine and the University of St. Andrews, respectively, and a DPhil from the University of Oxford for her thesis considering Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s theory of embodiment, in which the case of non-human (animal) embodiment receives significant attention. As an educator, her teaching runs the gamut of the history of philosophy, although the areas phenomenology, existentialism, and normative and applied ethics are of special interest. As a researcher, her current scholarship explores the many intersections between ethics, religious discourse and the status of animals in multi-faith societies and in particular, the diverse societies of the Gulf region in the Middle East. Recent papers include ‘Animals, cognition and sentience: reconsidering various anthropocentric views of sentient Being’ (proceedings of the COGNITIO conference, University of Québec at Montréal, July 2011), and ‘Birds of a Feather: addressing the challenges of animal rights dialogue within multi-faith societies’(Fourth International Conference on Religion and Spirituality in Society, forthcoming, April 2014).

Dr Jarrod Bailey, PhD

is Science Director at the Center for Contemporary Sciences (MD, USA). He received his degree in Genetics and PhD in viral genetics from Newcastle University in the 1990s. He has evaluated the scientific validity and human relevance of animal models in biomedical research and drug/product testing. In addition, Dr Bailey has reviewed the limitations of using nonhuman primates and other animals in various fields of research, including the testing of substances that can cause birth defects and cancer; the use of chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates in various forms of medical research including HIV/AIDS, cancer and hepatitis; the use genetically modified animals to research diseases such as cystic fibrosis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, among others; and the use of dogs, monkeys and other species in pre-clinical testing of new human drugs. He has authored several substantial scientific petitions and submissions of evidence to a variety of British, European and U.S. inquiries into the validity of animal research, and nonhuman primate research in particular, and has taken part in many debates on animal research both in public and in the political arena, at the UK, European, Belgian and Italian parliaments.

Professor Boris Bakota, PhD

is Professor of Administrative Law and Administration at the Faculty of Law, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University in Osijek, Croatia. Apart from teaching administrative law and administration, he also teaches the first graduate course in  Croatia in Animal Law. He is the Dean of Faculty of Law since 2014 and a member of University Senate. He was the President (2012 – 2016) of  the European Network of Training Organizations for Local and Regional Authorities (ENTO). Professor Bakota  is the member of Group of Independent Experts for European Charter for Local Self-Government within the Council of Europe, and has been appointed member of Croatian Parliament’s Committee for Local and Regional Self-Government. His main research interests are local and regional government, public administration, animal law and welfare. He has been volunteering in for an animal shelter in Osijek for many years, and has taken part in an analysis of domestic and international legal documents concerning animal law and welfare.

Dr Alan W. Bates, MD, PhD, FRCPath

is Honorary Senior Lecturer in Pathology at University College, London, a Consultant to the Royal Free Hospital, and Coroner’s pathologist for North London and the City of London. He studied comparative embryology at Queen Mary College, London, trained as a medical historian at the Welcome Institute in London. Dr Bates is the author of various books and articles on the history of anatomy and embryology, including The Anatomy of Robert Knox (Sussex Academic Press, 2010), which stimulated his interest in transcendentalism and in medical opposition to experimentation on animals. Ongoing research interests include virtue ethics, antivivisection hospitals, and alternative medicine. He is currently writing a history of antivivisection and medicine for the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series.

Professor Faith Bjalobok, PhD

is Adjunct Professor at the Department of Philosophy at Duquesne University and also Adjunct Professor at the Department of Philosophy at Chatham College, Pittsburgh. She was formerly lecturer at West Virginia University Department of Humanities, Philosophy and Religious Studies. In 2006, she completed her doctorate at Duquesne University with a dissertation on ‘Kantian Meadows: A Just Nursing Home Grounded in the Categorical Imperative’. She has taught courses on Logic, Biomedical Ethics, Feminism, Business Ethics, and the Philosophy of Law. Dr Bjalobok’s research interests are in applied ethics in general and the animal question in particular. She is especially concerned with our moral obligation to ageing and ill non-human animals with whom we have shared our lives. Her current book project is The Barn (based on her own experience of caring for rescued and homeless animals) which examines all the animals that live there, their relationships with each other, and with her as primarily the caregiver and food source. The goal is to apply different philosophical perspectives on friendship and other relations to the relationships that the animals share. She also intends to critically examine the society at the barn in relation to Plato’s idea of the just city (simple city).

Dr Gieri Bolliger, PhD

is an Attorney-at-Law and began working for the Stiftung für das Tier im Recht (TIR; Foundation for the Animal in the Law) in Zurich/Switzerland in 2000. He has been TIR’s executive director since 2007. Since publishing his dissertation on European Animal Law in 2000 (summa cum laude), he has worked as an editor, author and co-author, and has written twelve books, including “Das Tier im Recht – 99 Facetten der Mensch-Tier Beziehung von A bis Z” (2003), the short commentary “Schweizer Tierschutzstrafrecht in Theorie und Praxis” (2011, fully revised edition in 2019), the monograph “Sexualität mit Tieren (Zoophilie) – eine rechtliche Betrachtung” (2011), and the English book “Animal Dignity Protection in Swiss Law – Status Quo and Future Perspectives” (2016). In addition, he has published various expert opinions and more than 200 articles on national and international animal law. In 2013, Gieri Bolliger was the first non-American lawyer to complete the postgraduate “Master of Animal Law” (LL.M.) at the Center for Animal Law Studies (CALS) at the Lewis & Clark Law School in Portland (Oregon/USA). In 2014/2015 he was also the first “International Visiting Research Scholar” at CALS. Since 2005 he has held a teaching position for animal law at the University of Zurich. He has also taught animal law at the law schools of Lucerne, Barcelona, and Portland and has lectured on the legal aspects of the human-animal relationship at countless conferences and training events in Switzerland and abroad. From 1999 to 2009, Gieri Bolliger was also a member and animal welfare delegate of the Zurich Animal Testing Committee and, from 2011 to 2015, of the Zurich Animal Welfare Committee.

Dr Idan Breier, PhD

is a Senior Lecturer in the Israel and Golda Koschitzky Department of Jewish History and Contemporary Jewry at Bar-Ilan University (Ramat-Gan, Israel), Dr Idan Breier received both his graduate and post-graduation degrees from this institution. His principal scholarly interest lies in biblical and ancient Near Eastern history in general and the international relations of this period in light of modern political science theories in particular. His publications in this area including discussions of the political and social history during the extended El-Amarna period (1460–1200 BCE) and the late First Temple period (640–586 BCE). In recent years, he has expanded his focus to human-animal relations in biblical and ancient Near Eastern societies and the ethical aspects of this field as reflected in the primary sources and Second Temple, talmudic, and modern Jewish theologico-philosophical literature. His third book—An Ethical View of Human-Animal Relations in the Ancient Near East (forthcoming in the Palgrave-Macmillan Animal Ethics series), complements various scholarly articles on related subjects: “Humans and Wild Animals in Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Texts:  Interactions and Metaphors,” Anthrozoӧs 31.6 (2018), pp. 657–72; “Animals in Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Law: Tort and Ethical Laws,” Journal of Animal Ethics 18.2 (2018), pp. 166–81; “Abraham Isaac Kook (1865–1935): Biblical Ethics as the Basis of Rav Kook’s Vision of Vegetarianism and Peace,” in A. Linzey and C. Linzey (eds.), Animal Theologians (forthcoming).

Professor Cini Bretzlaff-Holstein, DSW

is the Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) Program Director, Social Work Department Chair, and Associate Professor of Social Work at Trinity Christian College in Palos Heights, IL. Additionally, she is a licensed social worker in the state of Illinois. She completed her Master of Social Work (MSW) degree at Baylor University’s Diana R. Garland School of Social Work in Waco, TX, and her Doctor of Social Work (DSW) degree at St. Catherine University-University of St. Thomas’ School of Social Work in St. Paul, MN. Professor Bretzlaff-Holstein completed her banded dissertation (three publishable articles- 1 research-based, 2 conceptual) for the doctoral program entitled The Case for Humane Education in Social Work Education. One of her conceptual articles was published in the international journal Social Work Education. Her research article has been submitted for publication to the international journal entitled Journal of Social Work Education. Her scholarly interests include food justice, environmental and ecological justice, social work education and humane education, and the human-animal bond in social work. Furthermore, she is currently exploring veganism and the professoriate as a research project in her scholarship agenda.

Simon Brooman

is Senior Lecturer in Animal Law at Liverpool John Moores University. He was one of the first academics in the world to introduce Animal Law into the higher education law degree curriculum. His Animal Law module, introduced with Dr Debbie Legge in 1994, was a pioneering development. To date, over 1,000 law students have studied this unique undergraduate module which, unusually in law, took the approach of analysing law through the prism of sustainability and the philosophy of animal rights. Whereas his course was originally one of only two or three such courses, there are now over 120 worldwide. Simon was the lead-author of Law Relating to Animals (Cavendish, 1997), which was written to support his legal education development work. However, it has become recognised world-wide as a leading text in the area and is widely cited by academics and animal welfare groups alike, particularly in relation to the historical development of law relating to animals. A long-awaited second edition is in preparation. Simon’s current research interests lie in the area of using the study of Animal Law as a vehicle for sustainability teaching in legal education.

Professor the Ven. Alex Bruce, PhD, SFHEA

is an Associate Professor at the Australian National University College of Law, and a Buddhist monk ordained into the Tibetan tradition of His Holiness the Dalai Lama.  He teaches and researches in the areas of Competition Law, Consumer Protection Law and Animal Law and is a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.  Alex has published leading texts in all three areas of law, and his PhD thesis investigated the potential for Competition and Consumer Policy to benefit farm animals.  His text Animal Law in Australia: An Integrated Approach (LexisNexis Butterworths, 2012) is one of Australia’s first Animal Law textbooks studied by students of Animal Law both in Australia and internationally.  As a Buddhist monk, Alex has a particular interest in the relationship between the world’s religions and animals and has regularly appeared in the Australian print and television media commenting on this relationship.  In addition to privately teaching meditation and Buddhist philosophy, Alex is currently working on a second PhD through Monash University in the discipline of Comparative Theology.  His thesis is exploring the way seekers integrate and progress through Christian and Buddhist Spiritual Paths.

The Revd Dr Susan I. Bubbers, DMin, PhD

is Dean of the Center for Anglican Theology in Orlando, Florida, USA. She also serves as the Professor of Sacramental Theology, and is currently working toward developing a Diaconate Training Curriculum.  She has published book reviews in the Evangelical Quarterly, devotional articles for Zondervan, and two monographs: Pet Prayers, which is a book of prayers for personal and pastoral use, and A Scriptural Theology of Eucharistic Blessings, which is a seminary textbook for Eucharistic Theology.  She is a member of the IBR/SBL, including a presented and published article in the area of Hermeneutics.  She teaches the online Hermeneutics Course for MDiv students of Olivet University. Dr Bubbers ongoing research interests include: Christological Spiritual Formation, Hermeneutical Methods, Sacramental Theology, and Animal Ethics.  The focus of an upcoming research project will be a biblical theology of the ontology of animal souls, providing a resource for seminaries to equip pastors with a solid biblical basis for teaching that animals do go to heaven, and to equip pastors to prioritize animal welfare and provide pastoral care to carer of companion animals. Dr Bubbers received her MDiv from Regent University, DAS from Virginia Theological Seminary, DMin from Reformed Theological Seminary, and PhD from the London School of Theology.  She was ordained an Anglican Priest in January, 1995.  She has served as the pastor of three churches, as a University Chaplain, and is currently involved with the Anglican church-plant in Celebration, FL.

Dr Eleanor Burt, PhD, FHEA

is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Management at the University of St Andrews. For almost three decades her specialism has been the philanthropic sector, with a particular focus on the strategic management of voluntary and charitable organisations in the ‘digital age’. Although an ethical vegan since the 9th of December 1991, her scholarly engagement with the nonhuman animal-human animal relationship began relatively recently. The questions she is now driven to answer are twofold. Firstly, can we re-imagine and re-shape the nonhuman -human animal relationship, respecting the needs and desires of nonhuman animals, and according them equal place in the world?;  Secondly, what measures should be taken to achieve this? The intellectual journey along which Dr Burt is travelling, as she seeks answers to these questions, is leading her to explore and examine a range of fields (e.g. animal ethics, animal psychology, ecology), and perspectives (e.g., ecocentrism, veganism) which contribute both to our understanding of nonhuman animals and to our relationship with them. Insights generated from emergent empirical and philosophical contributions from the natural and social sciences, and the humanities are prompting her to consider the value and feasibility of an holistic multi-disciplinary approach to re-imagining and re-shaping the extant relationship between human and nonhuman animals. While the questions which Dr Burt seeks to address are simple ones, the answers, of course, are not. Each of the deeply complex existential challenges faced today by human and nonhuman animals alike demands an holistic response, yet its delivery, conceptually and in practice, remains profoundly challenging. The necessarily more modest under-pinning from which this work proceeds, therefore, lies in understanding the dominant and powerful institutionalised narratives presently ordering the human – nonhuman animal relationship.  Re-imagining how an appropriate and effective alternative narrative would reshape that relationship will follow.

Dr Darren Calley, PhD

is a Lecturer of Law at the University of Essex and Director of the University’s Animal Welfare and Wildlife Law undergraduate programme. He was awarded a LLB in 2002, and a PhD in 2009 from the University of Essex for his research into the manner in which international trade restrictive measures can be employed in the fight against the effects of high seas fishing practices that impact upon marine dependant species, and published, in 2011, his first book on this subject, Market Denial and International Fisheries Regulation: The Targeted and Effective Use of Trade Measures Against the Flag of Convenience Fishing Industry (Brill/Martinus Nijhoff Publishers). He has published numerous articles on the subject of animal protection law, including most recently, ‘Developing a Common Law of Animal Welfare’ (Springer, 2011), ‘The Aggregation of Suffering in the Regulatory Context: Scientific Experimentation, Animals and Necessity’ (Ius Publicum, 2013) and ‘The International Regulation of the Food Market: Precedents and Challenges’ (Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2013).

Professor Deborah Cao, PhD

is an Associate Professor at Griffith University, Australia. She is a linguist and a legal scholar. She was educated in China and Australia in both linguistics and law. Currently, she is Deputy Editor of the International Journal for the Semiotics of Law and has published extensively in the areas of legal language, legal theory, legal translation, and philosophical and linguistic analysis of Chinese law and legal culture. Some of her books include Chinese Law: A Language Perspective (Ashgate, 2004), Translating Law with a Foreword by Justice Kirby of the High Court of Australia (Multilingual Matters, 2007), and joint editor of Interpretation, Law and the Construction of Meaning (Springer, 2006). For the past few years, she has been researching and teaching animal law. Her latest book is Dongwu fei wu (Animals are not things: Animal law in the West) with a Preface by Peter Singer (China Law Press, 2007). Currently, she is writing about the place of animals in Chinese philosophy, culture and law, and is co-authoring a book on animal law for Chinese law students. She has also been promoting the research and teaching of animal ethics and animal law in Chinese law schools and arguing for the reconsideration of human and nonhuman animal relationships as an intellectual and ethical concern in China. She is currently also writing a book in English on animal law in the Australian context for the law publisher Thomson.

Dr Margarita Carretero-González , PhD

is Senior Lecturer of English Literature at the English and German Department of the University of Granada, Spain. She holds a PhD in English Literature (cum laude with distinction) and her research interest focuses on studying the relationship between human culture and other-than-human nature as presented in literature and other artistic discourses. She regularly participates in national and international forums on ecocriticism and is the author of Fantasía, épica y utopia en The Lord of the Rings: análisis temático y de la recepción (Servicio de publicaciones de la Universidad de Granada, 1997), and co-editor of Beyond the Veil of Familiarity: C.S. Lewis (1898-1998) (Peter Lang, 2001). Her most recent publication is “Another Cassandra’s Cry”: Mary Wollstonecraft’s “Universal Benevolence” as Ecofeminist Praxis”. Feninismo/s 22: 225-249. Margarita is a scholar in the Human-Animal Studies programme of the Animal and Society Institute, and of the European Association for the Study of Culture, Literature and the Environment. She was a member of the association’s advisory board from 2008 to 2012, and managing co-editor of its journal Ecozon@ from its foundation in 2009 till 2014.

Professor David N. Cassuto, PhD, JD

is Professor of Law at Pace Law School, where he teaches in the fields of animal law, environmental law, and property and also directs the Brazil-American Institute for Law and the Environment (BAILE).  He serves on the board of the Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF) and is also the Class of 1946 Distinguished Visiting Professor of Environmental Law at Williams College, and a Visiting Professor of Law at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil.  He speaks and writes frequently on animal law and policy as well as many other topics within environmental law and environmental and cultural studies.  In addition to several books and many articles on topics ranging from food ethics to water as cultural signifier to climate change and factory farms, Professor Cassuto is also the founder and principal contributor to the Animal Blawg (www.animalblawg.wordpress.com), a blog on animal law, ethics, and policy.  In 2012, Professor Cassuto was honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Third World Congress on Bioethics and Animal Rights held in Recife Brazil.

Professor Jodey Castricano, PhD

is an Associate Professor of English and Cultural Studies at the University of British Columbia (Okanagan), Canada. A scholar in the history of ideas of the nineteenth century, as well as a life-long animal rights advocate, her research has turned towards the ethical obligations that humans have towards their non-human counterparts. Her forthcoming collection of essays, to which she is a contributor, is entitled Animal Subjects: An Ethical Reader in a Posthuman World (Wilfrid Laurier University Press), and is concerned with the lag in the field of Cultural Studies where critiques of racism, sexism(s) and classism have radically changed the face of the humanities and social sciences, but which have also historically withheld the question of ethical treatment from non-human animals. In this regard, she organised the first panel (‘The Question of the Animal: Why Now?’) of its kind at the Canadian Association of Cultural Studies to critique the division between human and non-human animals in this field. She is developing an upper division undergraduate course on this same question and participating in the ‘Nature matters, materiality, and the more-than-human in cultural studies of the environment’ conference in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Her research aims to call into question the boundaries that divide the animal kingdom from humanity, focusing on the medical, biological, cultural, philosophical, and ethical concerns between non-human animals and ourselves. A long-time member of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), and as a scholar, she works to end animal suffering in factory farming, product testing, and laboratory experimentation, as well in zoos, rodeos, circuses, and public aquariums.

Professor Andrew Chignell, PhD

is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania.  His main interests are in seventeenth and eighteenth century philosophy, especially Kant and the rationalists.  He also regularly co-teaches an undergraduate course on the “The Ethics of Eating” which was recently converted into a Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) on the EdX platform.  The first edition of the course enrolled almost 14,000 students from over 130 countries (https://www.edx.org/course/ethics-eating-cornellx-phil1440x).  He is co-editor (with Matthew Halteman and Terence Cuneo) of Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments About the Ethics of Eating (Routledge, 2015) (www.amazon.com/Philosophy-Comes-Dinner-Arguments-Ethics/dp/0415806836/) and is a contributor to the Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics.

Professor Grace Clement, PhD

is a Professor of Philosophy at Salisbury University in Maryland, where she teaches a wide variety of courses related to animals, feminism, the history of ethics, human nature, modern philosophy and logic. She is especially interested in questions of animal ethics as they relate to fundamental questions about the nature and boundaries of morality, and has written on the roles of justice and care in human moral relations to non-human animals and on questions about human-animal friendship and animal moral agency. Her publications include a book on feminist ethics, Care, Autonomy, and Justice: Feminism and the Ethic of Care (Westview, 1996), and a number of articles on animals and ethics appearing in journals such as Between the Species and the Journal of Animal Ethics, and in anthologies such as The Feminist Care Tradition in Animal Ethics (Columbia University Press, 2007).

Professor Kendra Coulter, PhD

holds the Chancellor’s Chair for Research Excellence at Brock University in Canada where she is an associate professor and chair of the department of labour studies. She is also a member of the Royal Society of Canada’s College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists. Professor Coulter is an award-winning author, frequent media commentator, and global leader in the analysis of human-animal labour. Her scholarship focuses on how to improve jobs and work-lives, as part of fostering solidaristic and sustainable multispecies societies. She brings particular expertise on humane jobs, horses and human-equine relations, animal cruelty investigation work, animals and care work, and animals in public policy. Her latest book is Animals, Work, and the Promise of Interspecies Solidarity (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016).

Professor Alice Crary, PhD

is Associate Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the New School for Social Research in New York, where she is also a member of the Liberal Studies Department and founding co-director of the graduate program in Gender and Sexuality Studies. She is a moral philosopher with wide-ranging interests. Her writing addresses issues in normative and meta-ethics, moral psychology, philosophy and literature, the philosophy of Wittgenstein, social epistemology, feminist theory and cognitive disability. Questions about animals and ethics have been a prominent concern of her teaching and research since she was a graduate student in philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh. She is the author of Beyond Moral Judgment (Harvard, 2007), and also a co-editor of The New Wittgenstein (Routledge, 2000), a co-editor of Reading Cavell (Routledge, 2005) and the editor of Wittgenstein and the Moral Life: Essays in Honor of Cora Diamond (MIT, 2006). Her most recent book—Inside Ethics: On the Demands of Moral Thought (Harvard, 2016)—explores how human beings and animals enter moral thought, contributing simultaneously to ongoing practical debates about the moral standing of animals and about the moral standing of cognitively disabled human beings. She is currently working on a book, Moral Visibility, that continues her engagement with animals and cognitive disability—and that also builds on her work on gender—now with reference to the fact that, historically, many forms of racist, gender-based and ableist bias have functioned in part by means of invidious comparisons to animals.

Professor Keri Cronin, PhD

is an Associate Professor in the Department of Visual Arts at Brock University. She is also a Faculty Affiliate in Brock’s Social Justice and Equity Studies graduate programme and a founding member of the Social Justice Research Institute at Brock. She is the author of Manufacturing National Park Nature: Photography, Ecology, and the Wilderness Industry of Jasper (UBC Press) and the co-editor (with Kirsty Robertson) of Imagining Resistance: Visual Culture and Activism in Canada (Wilfrid Laurier University Press). Her latest book project, ‘Do Not Refuse to Look at These Pictures’: Visual Culture and Animal Advocacy, 1870-1914, is under contract with Penn State University Press. She is the curator of an exhibition called “Be Kind: The Visual History of Humane Education” which she developed for The Animal Museum. In addition to publishing in academic venues, she has also written several columns on the role of art in animal advocacy for Our Hen House. She has just launched a new multimedia project with Jo-Anne McArthur of We Animals called Unbound: Women on the Front Lines of Animal Advocacy.

Professor Daniel A. Dombrowski, PhD

is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Seattle. He is the author of fifteen scholarly books, several of which deal with the topic of animal rights: The Philosophy of Vegetarianism (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984) could more appropriately be titled ‘Ancient Philosophical Vegetarianism’ in that it deals with ancient Greek philosophy and the status of non-human animals; Hartshorne and the Metaphysics of Animal Rights (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988) argues for animal rights in the context of process or neo-classical philosophy of religion; Babies and Beasts: The Argument from Marginal Cases (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1997) deals with the issue of moral patiency as it relates to both non-human animals and non-rational human beings. About one-third of another book deals with animal rights: Not Even a Sparrow Falls: The Philosophy of Stephen R. L. Clark (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2000). The stance in philosophy of religion that underlies much of his work in animal rights is detailed in Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006). Recent articles on the topic of animal rights include: ‘Is the Argument from Marginal Cases Obtuse?’ in the Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2006): 223-232, and ‘Whitehead and Non-human Animal Rights’, forthcoming.

Laura Donnellan

teaches European law, and sport and the law at the University of Limerick, where she is also Course Director for Law and European Studies, and Law Plus. She has published in the areas of drug testing and the rights of athletes, elder law, the regulation of football agents, TV rights in Irish football, EC competition law, and animal welfare in the EU. She is currently co-authoring the third edition of Modern Irish Company Law with Professor Henry Ellis. She graduated with a master’s degree in Law from the University of Limerick in 2002, and is currently pursuing a PhD through the School of Law, at Queen’s University Belfast. Her doctoral work combines her interests in sport, law, and animal welfare by examining the regulation of animal cruelty in sport. She is examining animal welfare from a socio-legal perspective focusing on the development of animal related legislation in Ireland and Britain, and its application to animals involved in fox hunting, hare coursing, greyhound racing, and dog fighting.

Dr Chris Draper, PhD

is Head of Animal Welfare and Captivity at the Born Free Foundation. He studied zoology and primatology before starting work in animal protection. After exposure to the reality of animals in zoos, circuses and pseudo-sanctuaries, his career has involved investigation and research into the welfare of wild animals exploited in captivity. His PhD examined whether legislation and practice protects animals in zoos, and he has published articles on animal welfare and law relating to animals in zoos, circuses, as “pets” and in trophy hunting. He serves on the Editorial Board of the UK Journal of Animal Law, the Accreditation Committee for the Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries, and sits on the Wild Animal Welfare Committee.

Dr Rainer Ebert, PhD

is a Lecturer at the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. Before coming to Dar es Salaam, he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Johannesburg in South Africa. He graduated from Rice University in Texas with a PhD in Philosophy in 2016. In his doctoral dissertation, he defends a novel account of the wrongness of killing, according to which it is no less seriously wrong to kill a non-human conscious animal than it is to kill a human being. He further holds Masters degrees in Philosophy (Rice University, 2014) and Physics (Heidelberg University, 2009). When he was an undergraduate student in Heidelberg, he organized Germany’s first interdisciplinary lecture series on animal rights. He edited the papers from the series in a book entitled Tierrechte – Eine interdisziplinäre Herausforderung, published by Harald Fischer Verlag in 2007. Another edited book, Africa and Her Animals – Philosophical and Practical Perspectives, was published by the University of South Africa Press in 2018. It investigates the moral, social, cultural, religious, and legal status of non-human animals in Africa. His other relevant publications include “Innocent Threats and the Moral Problem of Carnivorous Animals”, Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2012), 146-159, which addresses the issue of predation and what it may imply morally, and “Mental-Threshold Egalitarianism: How Not to Ground Full Moral Status”, Social Theory and Practice 44 (2018), 75-93, which offers a defence of equality for all conscious animals.

Professor David Favre, JD

is Professor of Law at Michigan State University College of Law. Over the past thirty years, Professor Favre has written several articles and books dealing with animal issues, including such topics as animal cruelty, wildlife law, the use of animals for scientific research, the ethics of the respectful use of animals, and international control of animal trade. His books include the case book Animal Law: Welfare, Interest, and Rights (Second edition), Animal Law and Dog Behavior, and International Trade in Endangered Species. He introduced and has developed the concept of “Living Property” in a number of law review articles over the past decade. He also has presented to international audiences on a wide assortment of animal topics. He was a primary organiser in the two global animal law conferences that have been held, the most recent being in 2014 in Barcelona.  He created, and is editor-in-chief of, the largest animal legal web resource in the world, www.animallaw.info. He was a founding officer of the Animal Legal Defense Fund in 1983 and stayed on the Board for 22 years, serving as President of the Board for the last two of those years. Presently, he is the a Vice Chair of the American Bar Association/TIPS Committee on Animal Law, and in 2012 was chair of the AALS Animal Law Committee. Now residing on a farm in lower Michigan, Professor Favre shares his space with sheep, chickens, and the usual assortment of dogs and cats.

Professor Angela Fernandez, JSD

is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto, and cross-appointed to that university’s Department of History. She was a leader for four years of a Working Group at the University of Toronto’s Jackman Humanities Institute “Animals in the Law and Humanities” and contributor to the 2018-19 “Animal Law Lab” at the Faculty of Law. Professor Fernandez is the author of a book-length study on Pierson v. Post, the famous first possession case often used to begin the study of American (and sometimes Canadian) property law: Pierson v. Post, the Hunt for the Fox: Law and Professionalization in American Legal Culture (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018). She is an Associate Editor (Book Reviews) for Law and History Review and a member of the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee of the American Society for Legal History. She is also on the Board of Directors for Animal Justice Canada.

Professor Clifton P. Flynn, PhD

is Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Department of Sociology, Criminal Justice, and Women’s Studies at the University of South Carolina Upstate where he has taught since 1988. He is the past Chair of the Section on Animals and Society of the American Sociological Association. In 2010, he was selected as a Fellow of the Institute for Human-Animal Connection at the University of Denver’s Graduate School of Social Work. Dr Flynn serves on the editorial boards of both Society & Animals and the Journal of Animal Ethics, and served from 2005 to 2010 on the editorial board of Anthrozoos. In addition, he is on the editorial boards of the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Book Series and the Brill Human-Animal Studies Book Series.  In 2001, his Animals and Society course was chosen as the ‘Best New Animals and Society Course’ by the Humane Society of the United States, and was featured on “The Osgood File” on CBS radio. Dr. Flynn has written numerous articles and chapters on animal abuse and its relationship to family violence, including ‘A Sociological Analysis of Animal Abuse’, in Frank Ascione’s (ed.) The International Handbook of Animal Abuse and Cruelty: Theory, Research, and Application (Purdue University Press, 2008) and ‘Women Battering, Pet Abuse and Human-Animal Relations’ in The Link between Animal Abuse and Human Violence (Sussex Academic Press, 2009), edited by Andrew Linzey. He is also the editor of one of the first anthologies in human-animal studies, Social Creatures: A Human and Animal Studies Reader (Lantern Books, 2008). Dr. Flynn’s most recent book is Understanding Animal Abuse: A Sociological Analysis (Lantern Books, 2012), in which he examines the social and cultural factors related to animal abuse and its connection to human violence and proposes recommendations for policy, professionals, and future research.

Professor Robert Garner, PhD

is Professor of Politics, and Head of the Department of Politics, at the University of Leicester. He has previously taught at the Universities of Exeter and Buckingham. He has published widely on the politics and philosophy of animal rights. His major publications are Political Animals (Macmillan, 1998); Animals, Politics and Morality (Manchester University Press, 2004, second edition); The Political Theory of Animal Rights (Manchester University Press, 2005), and Animal Ethics (Polity, 2005). The focus of Professor Garner’s principal research interest has been on the moral relationship between humans and animals, particularly from the perspective of political philosophy. This has involved documenting the neglect or dismissal of the concept of animal rights in the liberal tradition of political thought, defending animal rights from within the liberal tradition and exploring the relationship between animal protection and other political traditions. He is currently embellishing this work by seeking to develop a viable liberal-based theory of justice for animals.

Professor Michael Gilmour, PhD

is Associate Professor of New Testament and English literature at Providence University College in Manitoba, Canada where he regularly teaches a course on animals and the Bible. Among other things, he writes about the reception of the Bible in literature and popular music, returning often to the poetry and lyrics of Bob Dylan. His most recent book, Eden’s Other Residents: The Bible and Animals (Cascade, 2014), offers strategies for reading the prophets in light of contemporary ethical concerns. It also looks for wisdom in later creative writers engaging animal compassion themes, among them William Bartram, Anne Brontë, Woody Guthrie, and Timothy Findley. His current work includes an examination of animals in the writings of C. S. Lewis.

Professor Marita Giménez-Candela, PhD

is a Professor of Law at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), with a long career in teaching and research. She is also the Director of Master in Animal Law and ICALP (International Center for Animal Law and Policy). She is a Humboldt Scholar and Visiting Professor at many Universities across the world (Kyoto, Fukuoka, NYU, Köln, München, Paris-Sorbonne, Napoli, Roma La Sapienza, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut in Rom, UNAM in México, Cochabamba in Bolivia). She has lectured in Spanish, French, German, Italian and English in many Universities and Research Institutes. She has published an important number of articles, papers and books about Roman Law, Comparative Law and Animal Law. She introduced Animal Law in Spain. She is member and Founder of Scientific Committees and Legal Societies, and the Founder and Chief Editor of the www.derechoanimal.info website, which is the first legal website for animals with an exhaustive database in Europe. In 2009 she established, and has since managed both the onsite and online Master in Animal Law and Society at the UAB (Autonomous University of Barcelona), which is a pioneering initiative in Europe. She is the Director of ICALP (International Center for Animal Law and Policy). She manages two Collections of Books on Animals and the Law, as well as the OJS, peer reviewed and indexed journal of Animal Law: `da. Derecho Animal (Forum of Animal Law Studies)’. She has supervised Doctoral Theses, managed competitive Research Projects, has organized International Conferences (including the II Global Animal Law Conference in Barcelona, 2014 and the III Global Animal Law in Hong Kong, 2018), and has been a magistrate for the High Court of Justice of Catalonia. Her passions include animals, life outdoors, and opera.

Dr Valéry Giroux, PhD

is the coordinator of the Centre for Research on Ethics (CRE), located at University of Montreal in Quebec, Canada. Dr Giroux is a member of the Quebec Bar and holds a Masters in Law with a thesis on the crimes of animal cruelty in the Canadian Criminal Code. She also holds a doctorate in philosophy from the Université de Montréal with a dissertation on the necessity of granting legal fundamental individual rights to all sentient beings and is affiliated to the Faculty of Law at University of Montreal as Adjunct Professor. Dr Giroux has given several presentations on animal ethics and has taught on the subject. She is also regularly invited in the media to discuss the issues of speciesism, animal rights and veganism. Among her recent publications are “Animals do have an interest in liberty” (Journal of Animal Ethics, 2016) and “Les autres animaux en droit: de la reconnaissance de la sensibilité à l’octroi de la personnalité physique” (Revue du Notariat, 2018), as well as three books: Contre l’exploitation animale (L’Âge d’Homme, 2017), Le Véganisme (coll. “Que sais-je?”, Puf, 2017) and L’Antispécisme (coll. “Que sais-je?”, Puf, 2020). 

Professor Matthew C. Halteman, PhD

is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He holds a PhD in philosophy from the University of Notre Dame, and has published in the fields of 20th century European Philosophy and Animal Ethics. His work in the former discipline has appeared, among other places, in Continental Philosophy Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, and The Philosophical Review. In Animal Ethics, Professor Halteman’s research has focused primarily on the importance of moral concern for animals in religious traditions, especially on the spiritual disciplinary prospects of exercising this concern through the daily practice of compassionate eating. His booklet Compassionate Eating as Care of Creation was recently published by the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and will serve as an integral component of a new national initiative – HSUS Animals and Religion – that seeks to promote concern for animals among religious audiences. Professor Halteman’s animal ethics and activism course, ‘Peaceable Kingdom: Transforming Our Relationships With Animals’, was recently honoured with the 2007 Animals and Society Course Award for Innovation. His guiding aspiration is to produce work that facilitates fruitful interaction between scholars and activists for the purpose of engendering well-researched, well-argued public education on the moral standing of animals.

Robyn Hederman, JD

is the Principal Court Attorney for a New York State Supreme Court Justice and a fellow of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics. She has worked on various publications on behalf of the Animal Law Committee of the New York City Bar Association. She is also a member of the Animal Law Committee of the American Bar Association where she sits on the Animals in Science and Technology Subcommittee. Ms. Hederman has a Master of Arts in History and is a member of the Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society. Her research focuses on the commonalities between animal advocacy and other reform movements in nineteenth-century America. Her publications include “Gender and the Animal Experiments Controversy in Nineteenth-Century America,” in A. Linzey and C. Linzey eds., The Ethical Case Against Animal Experiments (University of Illinois Press, 2018), and “The Cost of Cruelty: Henry Bergh and the Abattoirs” in A. Linzey and C. Linzey eds., Ethical Vegetarianism and Veganism (Routledge, 2018).  

Professor James E. Helmer, PhD

is Assistant Professor of Christian Ethics at Xavier University (USA).  Trained in philosophy and theology, with a doctorate in Christian Ethics from the University of Notre Dame (USA), he specializes in legal and political theory and in issues at the intersections of bioethics (biomedical ethics, neuroethics, and animal ethics) and the law.  His research within the area of animal ethics has focused on questions of animal consciousness and moral standing, animal agency, and the moral and legal rights of non-human animals, and he is presently developing a monograph in this last area.  He frequently teaches an advanced-level undergraduate course in which he engages with students fundamental philosophical and theological questions within the areas of ecological and animal ethics.

Professor Martin Henig, DPhil, DLitt, FSA

is a member of common room and former Supernumerary Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford, and Honorary Professor at the Institute of Archaeology at University College, London.  He was recently Visiting Lecturer in Roman Art at the Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford. Professor Henig has written numerous books, including: The Art of Roman Britain (new edition 1995), Roman Oxfordshire (2000), Alban and St Albans: Roman and Medieval Architecture, Art and Archaeology (2001), and The Heirs of King Verica: Culture and Politics in Roman Britain (2002). He has also published major catalogues of Roman Sculpture for the British Academy (The Cotswold Region (1993) and North West Midlands (2003) with London and the South East in preparation, and on Roman gems, including with A. MacGregor, Catalogue of the Engraved Gems in the Ashmolean Museum II. Roman (Archaeopress, 2004). From 1985 to 2007, he was Editor of the Journal of the British Archaeological Association, which specialises in Medieval art and architecture. In 2007, he was presented with a Festschrift: Pagans and Christians – from Antiquity to the Middle Ages (edited by Lauren Adams Gilmour) on his 65th birthday. Professor Henig was trained for the ministry at St Stephen’s House, Oxford, and was recently ordained as a priest in the Church of England, and serves in the Osney Benefice in West Oxford. He is Vice-President of the Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals.

Professor Kathy Hessler, JD

is a clinical professor of law at Lewis & Clark Law School. She is the first faculty member hired to teach animal law full time in a law school. She received her J.D. from the Marshall-Wythe School of Law at the College of William and Mary and her LL.M. from Georgetown University Law Center.  She is the Director of the Animal Law Clinic and the Aquatic Animal Law Initiative, and the faculty advisor for the Student Animal Legal Defense Fund and Animal Law Review at Lewis & Clark. Professor Hessler co-authored Animal Law in a Nutshell, Animal Law – New Perspectives on Teaching Traditional Law, and the amicus brief submitted in the US v. Stevens case, on behalf of 45 law professors who teach animal law.  She has written numerous law review and other articles and teaches and lectures widely across the U.S. and internationally.

Professor Kai Horsthemke, PhD

was educated both in Germany and in South Africa, where he was completed his PhD in the Department of Philosophy, University of the Witwatersrand. After working as a professional musician for several decades, he joined the Wits School of Education in a full-time capacity in 2002. He is an Associate Professor, teaching philosophy of education, ethics, social and political philosophy, epistemology, philosophy of science, logic and critical thinking, all with a strongly educational focus. He has published extensively since 2004, including a book entitled The moral status and rights of animals (Porcupine Press, 2010). Other animal-related publications include ‘Rethinking humane education’ (Ethics and Education 4/2, 2009); ‘Animal liberation: Terrorism or civil disobedience?’ (SA Public Law 27/1, 2012), ‘Animal sacrifice’ (in A. Linzey, ed., The global guide to animal protection (University of Illinois Press, 2013), and ‘Children and other animals: The possibility and promise of animal rights education’ (Philosophy of Education/ Russia 7, 2014: 157-171). Apart from animal rights, his research interests include African philosophy (of education), indigenous knowledge (indigenous science, ethnomathematics, ethnomusicology), as well as humane and environmental education. He has recently published Animals and African Ethics in the Animal Ethics Series for Palgrave MacMillan.

Professor Kumju Hwang, PhD

is Associate Professor of Marketing at Chung-Ang University, Seoul. She received a PhD from Imperial College, University of London, and an M.A. from Reading University. She worked as a research fellow at Leeds University, and an Assistant Professor at Chonnam National University. She teaches and researches in the areas of consumer behaviour, voluntary simplifiers, anti-consumerism, ethical consumption (in particular, ethical consumer behaviour including animal consumption ethics), and social business. Her current project includes the relationships between consumers’ moral emotions and animal ethics. She has published her academic papers in internationally renowned academic journals, including Journal of Business Ethics, Sustainability, Science, Technology and Human Values, Science Communication, and Psychology and Marketing. She serves as an Editorial board member of Social Business, and participates in several environmental and ethical academic associations.

Dr Linda Johnson, PhD

teaches art history in the Department of Visual Arts at University of Michigan-Flint. She completed her PhD in American Studies from Michigan State University. Her dissertation, Spiritual Autobiography in Puritan Portraiture, embraced the fields of European and American art, and religion. Once a curatorial fellow at Historic Deerfield, she has held internships at Michigan State’s Graduate Museum Program where she published essays for MSGS, Michigan Stained Glass Census, a statewide survey of architectural stained glass. Recent publications include, “Increase Mather: A Pre-Millennial Portrait during the Revocation of the Massachusetts Charter” in American Literature and the New Puritan Studies, edited by Carla Mulford and Bryce Traister (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming). Her research explores the intersections between art, animals, and religious discourse within the development of new scientific inquiry in the early modern period (1600-1815). Recent papers include “Fur and Fashion: Ethical Decisions in Puritan Dress” in Eco-Critical Theory and Practice (forthcoming). Her future projects are devoted to exploring the complexities of the human-animal relationship in European and American Art in which she plans on making a significant contribution to the field of art history, religion, and the environmental humanities.

Dr Paul J. Kirbas, DMin, PhD

is President and CEO of The Graduate Theological Foundation (GTF), and the Paul Tillich Professor of Theology and Culture at GTF. He earned his M.Div and D.Min at Columbia Seminary, and was ordained as a Minister in the Presbyterian Church USA in 1988. Paul earned his PhD in Theological Studies from the Graduate Theological Foundation in 2007, focusing on the Theology of Nature. For many years, Paul was a Guest Professor of Theology at Wheaton College. In 2010, The Kirbas Institute was created, to support Paul’s work in building bridges between religion and science on important matters of the environment and animal ethics. He is the editor of This Sacred Earth (Wyndham Hall Press, 2011),  author of Navigating Through a Stipulated Freedom (Wyndham Hall Press, 2010) host of the TV program Animals in the Kingdom, and creator of the curriculum (book, workbook, video series) Sacred Place, Sacred Role.

Dr Tal Kogman, PhD

is a Senior Instructor in the MA Program in Child and Youth Culture Research, The Shirley & Leslie Porter School of Cultural Studies, at Tel Aviv University. Her fields of specialization are child and youth culture, the history of Jewish education in modernity, Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment), modern Ashkenazic popular science and textbooks, and human-animal studies. Since 2004, Dr. Kogman has taught courses at Tel Aviv University dealing with human-animal relations and children’s culture. For the last four years, she has also taught a course in the Unit for Social Involvement at Tel Aviv University, which combines academic learning with social activities (the students contribute to organizations that educate children in the field of animal welfare). In several of her publications, Dr. Kogman has dealt with animal representations in 18th and 19th century Hebrew texts for children that were published in Europe. Moreover, in 2016 she edited a special issue on “Animals in Children’s Culture” in Animals and Society – The Israeli Journal for the Human-Animal Bond (in Hebrew).

Camille Labchuk

is an animal rights lawyer and executive director of Animal Justice—Canada’s only animal law advocacy organization. Under her leadership, Animal Justice fights legal cases in courtrooms across the country, works to pass groundbreaking new laws, and ensures industries are held accountable for illegal animal cruelty. Camille has litigated to advance animals’ legal interests at all levels of court, including before the Supreme Court of Canada. She regularly testifies before legislative committees, and was instrumental in passing a precedent-setting national ban on whale and dolphin captivity in 2019. She has filed false advertising complaints against companies making misleading humane claims; documented Canada’s commercial seal slaughter, and exposed hidden suffering behind the closed doors of farms and zoos through undercover investigations. Camille also regularly defends and protects the rights of animal advocates. Camille was previously a founding board member of Mercy For Animals Canada, press secretary to the leader of a federal Canadian political party, and has been a two-time candidate for Parliament. Camille is a frequent lecturer on animal law, co-host of the Paw & Order podcast, and a regular contributor to national publications like the Globe and Mail and the Toronto Star. She authored a chapter about false advertising law and animal protection in Canadian Perspectives on Animals and the Law (2015), and a chapter on legal protections for ethical vegans in a forthcoming edited collection. Her current research focuses on the creeping privatization of animal law and enforcement, and federalism and animal law.

Professor Chien-hui Li, PhD

is an Assistant Professor in the Department of History at the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan. She received her PhD from King’s College, Cambridge and was formerly a Research Fellow at Wolfson College, Cambridge. In her PhD entitled “Mobilizing Traditions in the Animal Defence Movement in Britain, 1820-1920″, she explored the ways in which the animal defence movement in Britain interacted with and drew upon the major intellectual and cultural traditions in Victorian society, such as Christianity, political radicalism, evolutionism, natural history and literary traditions. She has published in journals such as Society and AnimalsJournal of Animal EthicsThe New History (Taiwan), Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies (Taiwan) and EurAmerica: A Journal of European and American Studies (Taiwan) and has written a policy paper on “The animal cause and its greater traditions” (2004) for the History and Policy Website. She has edited and introduced William Drummond’s Rights of Animals and Man’s Obligation to Treat Them with Humanity (1838) for the Mellen Animal Rights Library edited by Professor Rod Preece.  She is also the Chinese translator of Professor Andrew Linzey’s Animal Gospel (1999). The Chinese edition was published by the China University Press of Politics and Law in 2005 and in Taiwan by the Yong Wang Press in 2006. Her research and teaching interests include the history of human-animal relations, modern British history and western historiography. She is especially interested in the historical connections between people’s concern for humans and for other animals and she is currently doing research on late nineteenth-century political radicalism.

Dr Randall Lockwood, PhD

is Senior Vice President for Forensic Sciences and Anti-Cruelty Projects of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) a post he has held since 2005. He has degrees in psychology and biology from Wesleyan University in Connecticut and a doctorate in psychology from Washington University in St. Louis. He was Assistant Professor in the psychology departments of the State University of New York at Stony Brook and Washington University. He joined the staff of the Humane Society of the United States in 1984 where he held a variety of positions including Vice President for Research and Educational Outreach. His professional work has included ethological studies of wolves, the health benefits of keeping companion animals and the psychology of kindness and cruelty to animals. He has facilitated hundreds of workshops to coordinate the formation of coalitions against violence that seek to bring together the resources of professionals in diverse fields. His efforts to increase awareness of the connection between animal abuse and other forms of violence were profiled in the 1999 BBC documentary “The Cruelty Connection”. He has served on the Boards of Directors of several groups including the Center for Respect for Life and Environment, Defenders of Wildlife, the William and Charlotte Parks Foundation for Animal Welfare and the International Veterinary Forensic Sciences Association.

Dr Lockwood co-edited  Cruelty to Animals and Interpersonal Violence (Purdue University Press, 1998), and co-authored Forensic Investigation of Animal Cruelty: A Guide for Veterinary and Law Enforcement Professionals (Humane Society Press, 2006). He also authored Prosecuting Animal Cruelty Cases: Opportunities for Early Response to Crime and Interpersonal Violenc(ASPCA, 2006) published by the American Prosecutors Research Institute, and Dogfighting Toolkit for Law Enforcement: Addressing Dogfighting in Your Community (2011), published by the U.S. Department of Justice.

Professor Daniel B. Lourenço, PhD

is Professor of Law at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro – UFRJ where he teaches Environmental Law, Environmental Ethics, and coordinates the Centre of Environmental Ethics (UFRJ/UFF). He also teaches Law at IBMEC/RJ and at the Post-Graduation Law Program at UniFG/BA where he teaches Ethics and the Theory of Law. At UniFG he is the founder of the Centre for Animal Ethics – ANDIRA. He is a Visiting Professor at the Brazil-American Institute for Law and the Environment (BAILE) at Pace Law School and is a member of the FGV Law Program. His research and teaching interests include the history of human-animal relations, animal ethics, environmental ethics, and western environmental historiography. He received his PhD from UNESA/RJ (cum laude) in a research entitled “What is the value of nature?” He is currently in the process of completing a book based on his doctoral thesis that is published by Editora Elefante (2019). His Master of Law degree at UGF/RJ included a dissertation on the foundation of animal rights and has become a book entitled Animal Rights: Current debates and new perspectives (Fabris, 2008).

Professor Joseph Lynch, PhD

is Associate Professor of Philosophy at California Polytechnic State University. He is currently serving as Editor of Between the Species a philosophical journal on animal issues. Dr Lynch has published articles on animal consciousness, animal belief, and theodicy and animal pain. His general research areas are in the philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and Asian philosophy. Among other topics, Dr Lynch is currently interested in Buddhist perspectives on the moral status of animals. In addition to the American Philosophical Association, he regularly affiliates with the Society for the Study of Ethics and Animals, the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy, the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, and the Society for the Study of Philosophy and the Martial Arts.

Professor Randy Malamud, PhD

is Regent’s Professor of English at Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA. He gained his BA in English at the University of Pennsylvania, and his MA, MPhil, and PhD degrees in Literature from Columbia University. His doctoral dissertation (1989) was on “The Language of Modernism”. He is the author of Reading Zoos: Representations of Animals and Captivity (Macmillan and NYU Press, 1998) and Poetic Animals and Animal Souls (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), and the editor of A Cultural History of Animals in the Modern Age (Berg, 2007). He serves on the editorial boards of Society & Animals and Brill’s Human-Animal Studies book series. He is also an International Associate of the New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies, University of Canterbury. In addition to his scholarship, he has had numerous appearances in popular media on the topic of animals; many of these are linked from his webpage. His interests include, generally, anthrozoology, and more specifically, zoos; cultural representations of animals; ecology, eco-criticism and environmentalism; and cinematic figurations of animals. He is a Patron of the Captive Animals’ Protection Society (UK).

Professor Justin Marceau, JD

is a professor of law and endowed research scholar at the University of Denver, Sturm College of Law.  He specialises in criminal law, constitutional law and animal law.  He teaches a variety of courses in animal law, and has published in leading U.S. academic journals on the topic.  Marceau is the author of Beyond Cages (Cambridge, 2018), which criticizes the use of prisons and carceral methods as a way of pursuing animal protection.  He also actively litigates cases for the animal protection movement, including playing a leading role in the Ag-Gag litigation in the U.S.  Before joining the law faculty Marceau studied philosophy at Boston College and earned his law degree from Harvard Law School.

Dr Lori Marino, PhD

is a Comparative Neuroscientist formerly on the Faculty of Emory University in Atlanta.  She is founder and Executive Director of The Kimmela Center for Animal Advocacy and President of the Whale Sanctuary Project. Lori’s work focuses on the evolution of the brain and intelligence in cetaceans and other mammals, e.g. primates. She is the Science Lead for The Someone Project, a joint Farm Sanctuary-Kimmela research-based initiative documenting farmed animal cognition, emotions, and social complexity through science. She also served as the Science Director for the Nonhuman Rights Project for two years. Lori has published over 140 peer-reviewed papers, chapters, and articles on cetacean neuroanatomy and cognition, self-awareness, human-nonhuman relationships, and the impacts of captivity on animals in zoos and marine parks. In 2001, she co-authored a ground-breaking study offering the first conclusive evidence for mirror self-recognition in bottlenose dolphins, after which she chose to discontinue work with captive animals. Recently, she has authored several chapters and articles on the ethics of animal experimentation and use for entertainment, as well as on the denial of death and our relationships with other animals.

Dr Shelby E. McDonald, PhD

is a tenured Associate Professor at the Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Social Work and a core Faculty Member at the VCU Clark-Hill Institute for Positive Youth Development. Her research focuses on improving the socioemotional and behavioral functioning of young people who have experienced adversity and trauma by examining the role of human–animal interaction in risk and resilience. Dr McDonald’s recent projects have examined the impact of relationships with companion animals on psychosocial wellbeing in maltreated children, the impact of animal maltreatment exposure on child and adult survivors of intimate partner violence, and the role of companion animals in LGBTQ+ youth wellbeing. Dr McDonald’s research is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Her research has been featured in journals such as Child Abuse and Neglect, Anthrozöos, and One Health. She teaches a graduate course on human-animal interaction across the lifespan at VCU.

Professor Patricia McEachern, PhD

is the Dorothy Jo Barker Endowed Professor of Animal Rights at Drury University and the Director of the Drury University Forum on Animal Rights. In 2012, she established an innovative minor in Animal Studies at the undergraduate level. She directs and participates in a one-of-a kind course on Animal Ethics taught by a team of eight professors, all experts in their prospective fields. In addition, she teaches courses on Animals in Literature and on Animals and Contemporary Issues. While pursuing her doctorate in French literature at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, she spent a year as an exchange student at the École Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm in Paris. Dr McEachern has published two books, Deprivation and Power: Eating Disorders in Nineteenth-Century French Literature (Greenwood, 1998) and A Holy Life: The Writings of Saint Bernadette of Lourdes (Ignatius, 2005). In 2007, Bob Barker, a long-time advocate for animals, began providing resources that have allowed Dr McEachern to change the direction of her professional interests. She now devotes herself full-time to the study of animal rights. Dr McEachern takes a particular interest in elephants in captivity.

The Revd Professor Adrian Anthony McFarlane, PhD

is a graduate of Princeton Theological Seminary (Master of Divinity) and Drew University (MPhil, PhD). He did his doctoral dissertation on the inter-connections between Edmund Husserl’s phenomenological analyses of experience and meaning and Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Ordinary Language analyses of language use and context. Professor McFarlane later revised and published his dissertation under the title: A Grammar of Fear and Evil: A Husserlian-Wittgensteinian Hermeneutic (Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 1996). In addition to numerous articles and invited papers, Professor McFarlane co-edited (with S. Murrell and D. Spencer) a bestselling university textbook on the Rastafarian Movement: Chanting Down Babylon-The Rastafarian Reader (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1997). Arising from this publication, he has spoken at over seventeen university campuses and academic conferences dealing with African retentions in Caribbean religions. His recent essay “A Rastafarian Hermeneutic of Animal Care” will be published in the forthcoming  Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection. Professor McFarlane taught philosophy, epistemology/metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of language and philosophy of religion at universities in the USA and the Caribbean, in addition to visiting lectures at numerous colleges, including Wooster, Union, Rider, and Denison University. Professor McFarlane was an invited Visiting Fellow at Mansfield College, Oxford University in 1999. He has been the Vice President of the International University of the Caribbean (Montego Bay, Jamaica) since 2006.

Professor Steven McMullen, PhD

is an assistant professor of economics at Hope College in Holland, Michigan. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research has focused on labor economics and education policy, ethics, and theology. His writing about animal ethics has focused on the place of animals in the economy and the integration of ethics with economic analysis.  He is currently working on a book titled Animals and Economics which will be included in the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series (A. Linzey & P. Cohn, Eds.). This volume explores the central role of economic institutions and policy in determining the place of animals in the economy, and calls for large-scale change in the legal standing of animals. He has also explored animal issues in his work on virtue ethics and in his writing on environmental ethics and property law. His education policy research has focused on homework time and school calendars, and has appeared in several economics journals, including the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy and Economics of Education Review.

Dr Les Mitchell, PhD

is the Director of the Hunterstoun Centre of the University of Fort Hare, South Africa. He gained a doctorate at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, for his dissertation on ‘Discourses and the Oppression of Non-human Animals: A Critical Realist Account’. He has worked in Pathology, Community Health and Education in the U.K., Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and South Africa where he taught sciences in a township school in Grahamstown. His Masters dissertation at the University of Malawi is titled ‘The Relevance of the Malawian MSCE Science Syllabus to the Lives of Young Malawians’. He gives talks at schools and has made a number of presentations at Rhodes University, where he is a member of the Ethics Committee, and at the Ethics Society of South Africa, as well as publishing ‘Animals and the Discourse of Farming in Southern Africa’ in Society and Animals, Vol. 14, No.1, 2006, 39-59 and ‘Moral Disengagement and Support for Nonhuman Animal Farming’ (forthcoming). He recently organized the Hunterstoun Symposium on Nonhuman Animals, the first of its kind in Southern Africa. His research interests are critical realism, non-human animals, discourses, power in society, genocide, moral disengagement, and alternatives to violence.

Kimberly Moore

is a Senior Attorney at Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLLP in Washington, D.C., where she specializes in federal income tax law, private equity investments and public private partnerships and where she is a national expert on tax advantaged affordable housing programs.  She is a graduate of the University of Virginia School of Law, where she served as Managing Editor of the Virginia Tax Return, and received an elite LLM degree from New York University in Taxation.  She is an active member of the D.C. Bar, an associate member of the Virginia State Bar and a member of the Animal Law Committee of the American Bar Association.  She is the Director of Public Relations for Fur Free Society, Inc. and has worked on state legislation to ban the sale and manufacture of fur.  She has also represented and advised animal welfare organizations on formation and fundraising matters, has assisted organizations in obtaining their I.R.S. 501(c)(3) status and helped an international animal sanctuary set up a “friends of” charitable organization in the United States.  She participates in radio interviews and is a frequent speaker at conferences on issues associated with the treatment of animals and has sponsored conferences to advance the legal status of animals.  In 2018, she gave the keynote address at the Fifth Annual Oxford Animal Ethics Summer School on Animal Ethics and the Law (Creating Positive Change for Animals) on why laws matter for animals.  Her research projects include a critique of the marketing of fur by the fur industry as “green” and “eco-friendly,” the impact of fur farming on the environment, and the marketing of fur to children. Her research interests include improving the legal status of animals and exploring the use of established public private partnership paradigms to improve the lives of animals on factory farms.  Kimberly is currently working on a book that will examine why our legal treatment of animals matters for humanity.  

Dr Carlos M. Naconecy, PhD

is a Brazil-based philosopher, independent researcher and author.  He is also Director of the Animal Ethics Department of the Brazilian Vegetarian Society. Naconecy holds a PhD in Philosophy from the Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS) in Porto Alegre, Brazil. His thesis topic was ‘The Life Ethic: Moral Biocentrism and the Concept of Bio-Respect’. Previously, he gained a Master of Philosophy degree at the same university with a thesis on contemporary environmental ethics, and a Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) which included a dissertation on the moral status of the non-human animals. In 2006, he obtained a grant from the Brazilian governmental funding agency to become a Visiting Scholar at the University of Cambridge, UK. Naconecy has present papers at academic conferences in Brazil, Peru, Portugal and Cambridge. In addition to his scholarship, he has numerous appearances in popular media on the topic of applied ethics in Brazil. His publications include a book (in Portuguese) titled Ethics and Animals: a guide to the philosophical arguments (Porto Alegre: Edipucrs, 2006). Research interests include animal ethics and environmental ethics.

Dr Yamini Narayanan, PhD

is an Australian Research Council DECRA Senior Research Fellow at the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Melbourne. Her research has two major foci: one, the nexus between animals and urban planning, and conceptualising frameworks for multispecies-inclusive planning; and two, the implications of India’s cow protectionism discourse, politics and legislations, for the cows and indeed, the animal advocacy movement in India itself. Her work is combines scholarship and advocacy, and she is co-opted member of the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) of the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, Government of India, and an Advisory Board Member of the Visakha Society for the Protection and Care of Animals, India. Yamini also serves as the Treasurer of the Australasian Animal Studies Association (AASA). Her work on animals and development has been published in leading journals including Environment and Planning D, Society and Animals, and Sustainable Development. Her book Religion, Heritage and the Sustainable City: Hinduism and Urbanisation in Jaipur (Routledge) was published in 2015, and an edited volume Religion and Urbanism: Reconceptualising Sustainable Cities in South Asia (Routledge) was published in 2016. Her forthcoming book will offer one of the first empirical critiques of India’s cow protectionism discourse and politics from a critical animal studies standpoint, by examining bovine realities in both sites of production and protection.

Dr Christina Nellist, PhD

is an Eastern Orthodox theologian specializing in animal suffering and human soteriology. She is a former Visiting Research Fellow at Winchester University; Guest Lecturer on Veterinary Ethics at Chile’s Iberia-America University and advisor to the Government, receiving an award for her work on stray-dog control via public health education. She is Co-Founder and Editor of Pan-Orthodox Concern for Animals; Board member of the Animal Interfaith Alliance; Educational Consultant and teacher in the Sciences and Special Education. Her publications include Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Animal Suffering: Ancient Voices in Modern Theology (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2018/2020) and articles on animal suffering in the Greek Orthodox Theological Review; Journal of Eastern Orthodox Theology, The Ark, Green Christian and Sarx magazines. Her present initiative is editing a book on ‘Climate Crisis & Creation Care: Eco-Economic Sustainability, Ecological Integrity and Justice’ (2021). Her ‘Creation Care: Christian Responsibility Course’ is available on her charity’s website.

Maureen O’Sullivan

is a lecturer in law at the School of Law, National University of Ireland, Galway, where she teaches intellectual property and sociology of law-related subjects at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. She holds a BA in Philosophy and English and a BCL, both from University College Cork. She obtained an LLM by research on socio-legal aspects of the Linux operating system at the University of Warwick in 2002 and also holds a PGCHE from UWE, Bristol.  Maureen is also currently pursuing a PhD at the School of Law in the University of Edinburgh in the area of patenting morally controversial biotechnological inventions. Part of the research for the thesis has involved an exploration of the constitutional status and rights of genetically modified human-animal hybrids and chimeras which fall into a lacuna between animal and human rights. She has published in the fields of intellectual property law, technology and policy and property rights and wrote a commentary on the Feminist Judgments: From Theory to Practice (Hart, 2010). She currently supervises a PhD on animal rights and welfare in Ireland. Maureen is the Chairperson of the Vegetarian Society of Ireland – a national charity run entirely by volunteers – and is involved in promoting vegetarianism and veganism throughout Ireland both through academic and social means.

Professor Kay Peggs, PhD

is Professor of Sociology at Kingston University, London and Visiting Fellow at the University of Portsmouth. Professor Peggs has longstanding research interests in critical sociology and social theory. Her current research addresses the persistence of complex inequalities associated with species. The subject of human relationships with nonhuman animals is often neglected in sociology and she has produced a series of publications and conference presentations on this theme, including her book Animals and Sociology, which was published in 2012 in the Palgrave Macmillan Series on Animal Ethics. At the University of Portsmouth she led the research project Veganism: Ethics and Lifestyle. Forthcoming publications in the field include Experiments, Animal Bodies and Human Values (Routledge, forthcoming) and the co-authored Consuming Animals: Ethics, Environment and Lifestyle Choices (Routledge, forthcoming). Professor Peggs is also a social research methods specialist. She is co-editor of two major four volume sets, Observation Methods (SAGE, 2013) and Critical Social Research Ethics (SAGE, 2018). 

Dr Simon Pulleyn, DPhil, FRHistS

read Classics at Balliol College, Oxford in the 1980s and took a doctorate in the field of ancient Greek religion. He has published numerous articles and reviews about Greek and Latin language and literature. He has written two books: a monograph entitled Prayer in Greek Religion (OUP, 1997) and an edition with commentary of Homer, Iliad Book I (OUP, 2000). Having taught Classics in the University of Oxford for about ten years, he studied law, qualified as a solicitor and practised in the City of London for five years. He then turned to teaching academic law and has written articles about legal history, land law and the law of charities. He then decided to bring together his interests in history, languages, law and religion by taking a master’s degree in Canon Law at the University of Cardiff. His dissertation, supervised by Professor Norman Doe, concentrated on the exemptions granted to monastic houses from the general canon law in medieval Europe from the earliest times to the Reformation. He presented a paper on Animals in Western Christian Canon Law at the first Annual Oxford Animal Ethics Summer School on Religion and Animal Protection in July 2014. This is due to be published in the forthcoming Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection. Simon is interested in the ways in which historical studies can not only throw light on the past but also explain why people think and act towards animals as they do today.

Professor Kurt Remele, Dr theol

is Associate Professor for Ethics and Social Thought in the Department of Catholic Theology at Karl-Franzens-University in Graz, Austria, where he has taught since 1992. He was a lecturer at Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany (1984-90), a Fulbright Scholar at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. (2003), a Visiting Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Minnesota (2007) and in the Department of Religious Studies at Gonzaga University, Spokane, USA (academic year 2011/12). His doctoral dissertation dealt with the ethics of civil disobedience (Ziviler Ungehorsam. Aschendorff, 1992), his post-doctoral dissertation (Habilitation) examined the relation of therapeutic self-actualization to the common good (Tanz um das goldene Selbst? Styria, 2001). For a considerable time his research interests have also focused on animal ethics.  He is particularly interested in the contribution of various religions to animal protection (cf. his chapter in the book Tierrechte. Eine interdisziplinaere Herausforderung, Harald Fischer, 2007), in particular the ambivalent tradition of the Roman Catholic Church (cf. his chapter in the book Tier – Mensch – Ethik, LIT 2011). He taught courses on animal ethics and animal theology both in Austria and the USA and has voiced his concern for animals in numerous lectures and newspaper articles, on the radio and on TV.

Professor John Rossi, VMD

is Assistant Professor at the Drexel University School of Public Health in Philadelphia. He completed his doctorate in veterinary medicine and master’s degree in bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania. He teaches and writes about a number of issues relating to the history and ethics of public health, medicine and science more broadly. Dr Rossi has previously served as a Commissioner’s Fellow at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and he also spent numerous years in veterinary clinical practice. Dr Rossi’s interest in animal ethics is wide-ranging, and includes the moral standing of animals, the ethics of animal agriculture and animal research, issues relating to the conceptualization and scientific assessment of animal welfare, the ethics of selective breeding, and veterinary medical ethics. As well, Dr Rossi writes about the ethics of human research, public health ethics, and the ethical dimensions of autism. He has authored numerous book chapters and peer-reviewed articles, with his work appearing in The Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, The Journal of Medical Ethics, The Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Public Health Ethics, The Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics, and The Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics.

Dr Philip Sampson, PhD

originally studied mathematical physics but retrained following sociological research at the University of Sussex. He completed his PhD on discourse and change in late modernity at the University of Southampton, and undertook psychotherapy training. He thereafter worked both as a family therapist, and in social science research. He held a Research Fellowship at the University of Southampton, and has taught courses at theological colleges in the UK. He has lectured at universities in the UK and China, and at Regent College, Canada. He gave a keynote address on Postmodernity at the 1993 Leaders Conference of the Lausanne Movement, and co-edited the proceedings, published as Faith and Modernity (Regnum, 1994). His articles, papers and journalism have appeared in a variety of publications including Faith and Thought, Third Way, and Kunstforum International, as well as on-line; a selection may be found on his page on Academia.edu. His Six Modern Myths (IVP, 2000) included discussion of the transformation of animal theology in modernity. His research since has focussed on the archeology of evangelical Christian discourses about animals, and his articles on this have appeared in Third Way, The Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics and elsewhere. Dr Sampson has contributed a chapter on “Humans, Animals and Others”  in C. Falke (ed),  Intersections in Christianity and Critical Theory (Palgrave, 2010); and to A. Linzey and C. Linzey (eds),  A Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection (forthcoming). He is currently writing A Passion for Kindness, a book exploring the evangelical contribution to animal advocacy in the UK from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries.

Professor Joan E. Schaffner, JD

is an Associate Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School.  She received her BS in mechanical engineering (magna cum laude) and JD (Order of the Coif) from the Universityof Southern Californiaand her MS in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  She is an inactive member of the California Bar and an active member of the D.C. Bar.  Professor Schaffner worked at the law firm of Irell & Manella in Los Angeles California and clerked for the Honourable Marianna Pfaelzer in the Central District of California before coming to GW Law.  Professor Schaffner teaches Civil Procedure, Remedies, Sexuality and the Law, and a seminar on Animal Protection Law.  She is the faculty advisor to Lambda Law, the GLBT student organisation at GW, and is faculty adviser and editor-in-chief of the American Intellectual Property Law Association Quarterly Journal.

Professor Schaffner directs the GW Animal Law Program which consists of the GW Animal Welfare Project (AWP), a pro bono effort of faculty and students devoted to researching and improving the lives of animal through the law; seminars in animal law; and a student chapter of the Animal Legal Defense Fund (SALDF).  She also coordinates the Animal Law Lawyering Project which provides students with outside placements in the animal law field.  Additionally, Professor Schaffner has presented on animal law panels at conferences world-wide. Professor Schaffner’s most recent book entitled Introduction to Animals and the Law was published by Palgrave MacMillan in November 2010 as part of their Animal Ethics Series.

Professor Schaffner is a co-author and editor of two books published by the American bar Association: A Lawyer’s Guide to Dangerous Dog Issues and Litigating Animal Law Disputes: A Complete Guide for Lawyers and is author of the chapter “Laws and Policy to Address the Link of Family Violence” in The Link Between Animal Abuse and Humane Violence (Sussex Academic Press, 2009).  Professor Schaffner is active in various organizations including:  Past Chair, Publications Vice-Chair, and Newsletter Vice-Chair, ABA TIPS Animal Law Committee; Founding Chair of the AALS Section on Animal Law, and a consumer member for the District of Columbia Board of Veterinary Medicine. On a personal note, Professor Schaffner is a volunteer and foster for the Washington Humane Society.  She shares her life and home with a magnificent group of felines and Rocky, an African Grey parrot.

Professor Edward C. Sellner, PhD

is Professor of Pastoral Theology and Spirituality at St. Catherine University in St. Paul, Minnesota, where he has taught graduate and undergraduate students for over thirty years, and administered pastoral ministry, spiritual direction, and master’s degree programmes.  He was also instrumental in founding the Wisdom Ways Spirituality Resource Center in St. Paul and was national chairperson of the National Association for Lay Ministry from 1986-1988. A graduate of the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, and a former chemical dependency counseller, he did his post-doctoral work at the St. Theosevia Centre of Christian Spirituality in Oxford, England, in the fall of 1988, when he also taught at St. Patrick’s College, Maynooth, Ireland.  Dr  Sellner is the author of numerous articles and twelve books, including Christian Ministry and the Fifth Step (Hazelden Foundation, 1981), Mentoring: the Ministry of Spiritual Kinship (Cowley Publications, 2002), The Celtic Soul Friend (Ave Maria Press, 2002), Pilgrimage: Exploring a Great Spiritual Practice (Soren Books, 2004), Stories of the Celtic Soul Friends: Their Meaning for Today (Paulist, 2004), Wisdom of the Celtic Saints (Bog Walk Press, 2006), Finding the Monk Within: Great Monastic Values for Today (HiddenSpring, 2008), and The Double: Male Eros, Friendships, and Mentoring—from Gilgamesh to Kerouac (Lethe Press, 2013).  Professor Sellner is also a popular national and international speaker on the topics of mentoring, lay leadership, Celtic spirituality, the history of Christian monasticism, men’s issues, Thomas Merton and Zen Buddhism, and animal theology.

The Revd Dr Steven Shakespeare, PhD

is Lecturer in Philosophy at Liverpool Hope University in the Theology, Philosophy and Religious Studies Department. He previously completed his doctoral research on Kierkegaard at Cambridge University. Alongside a number of articles and chapters, his books include Kierkegaard, Language and the Reality of God (Ashgate, 2001), The Inclusive God: Reclaiming Theology for an Inclusive Church, co-authored with Hugh Rayment-Pickard (Canterbury Press, 2006), Radical Orthodoxy: A Critical Introduction (SPCK, 2007), Prayers for an Inclusive Church (Canterbury Press, 2008), Derrida and Theology (Continuum, 2009) and Beyond Human: From Animality to Transhumanism (Continuum, 2012), co-edited with Claire Molloy and Charlie Blake. His research interests include continental philosophy of religion and the significance of philosophical distinctions between humans and animals and between machines and organisms. He is a patron of the Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals.

Professor Mary J. Shariff, PhD

is an Associate Professor of Law at Robson Hall, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba, Canada. Professor Shariff received her PhD from Trinity College, Dublin. In addition to teaching the Law of Contracts in the first year of the JD program, she teaches the upper year courses Animals and the Law and Law and Bioethics in the JD program as well as Natural Resources Administration and the Law to Masters and PhD students at the Natural Resources Institute an Interdisciplinary program at the University of Manitoba aimed at “developing holistic perspectives” on environmental and natural resources management problems.  She also acts in a supervisory capacity for graduate students completing masters and PhD theses. Thesis supervisions have included research related to climate change and non-human (animal) rights. She is published in the areas of assisted death and animal law and is frequently engaged as a speaker on these topics. As a past Associate Dean of both the JD Program and Research and Graduate Studies within the Faculty of Law at the University of Manitoba, Professor Shariff is currently focusing on her research in law and bioethics, death and dying, environment, animals and legal strategies. As an extension and integration of these lines of research she is presently examining animal responses to nuclear incidents (whether accidental or by design) through the concept of “legal irony” drawing methodological inspiration from the work of American theologian Reinhold Niebuhr.

Professor Barry Smart, PhD

is currently Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and in the Centre for European and International Studies Research at the University of Portsmouth, UK.  A citizen of Aotearoa/New Zealand and the United Kingdom he has held posts at the University of Auckland and the University of Sheffield and visiting positions at universities in Australia, Japan, and Spain. Current research and publication interests include ethical and environmental aspects of human/nonhuman animal relations; critical pedagogy and species ethics; and ethical, economic, and environmental aspects of veganism.  He is the author of numerous papers including ‘Nonhuman Animal Suffering: Critical Pedagogy and Practical Animal Ethics’ (in Society and Animals 2017) and ‘Suffering Existence: Nonhuman Animals and Ethics’ (in the The Palgrave Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics 2018).  Monographs include Michel Foucault (1985, numerous reprints), Modern Conditions, Postmodern Controversies (1992), Postmodernity (1993), Facing Modernity: Ambivalence, Reflexivity and Morality (1999), Economy, Culture and Society: A Sociological Critique of Neoliberalism (2003) and Consumer Society: Critical Issues and Environmental Consequences (2010). He has also edited Resisting McDonaldization (1999) and Michel Foucault: Critical Assessments I and II (1994 and 1995) and co-edited Handbook of Social Theory (2001) and Observation Methods (2013) and Critical Social Research Methods (2018).

Dr Magdalena Smrdelj, DVM

is the Chief Veterinary Officer at the Ontario SPCA and Humane Society in Ontario Canada.  She received a Bachelor’s degree in Biomedical Sciences and Zoology from the University of Toronto, a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from the Ontario Veterinary College at the University of Guelph, and Diplomate standing with the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine.  Dr Smrdelj is a keen advocate for animals with a long career in animal wellness and shelter medicine. As Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Smrdelj oversees Health and Wellness programs and initiatives and veterinary medical services for the Society.  With her team members, Dr Smrdelj focuses on a high standard of preventive care for all animals entering shelters that addresses both physical and emotional wellbeing while preparing them for their new home. To this end she oversaw the development of the shelterhealthpro.com website as an open resource for professionals as well as the public. She fosters and supports strong relationships and collaborative programs with partners in veterinary medicine, animal wellbeing, and other related industries. Dr Smrdelj’s professional interests and areas of focus include One Health-One Earth where the wellbeing of human, nonhuman and environment intersect, veterinary preventive medicine, emerging and zoonotic diseases and human-nonhuman relationships.

Dr Paola Sobbrio, PhD

Paola Sobbrio has a degree in Law, a PhD in Animal Welfare and Protection in EEC countries. Her PhD thesis focused on the ethical and legal aspects of xenotransplantation. Paola participated in the European project “Xenome”. In the last eighteen years, she has been teaching courses in legislation bioethics and biotechnology in several Italian universities. Paola held several seminars on animal law and bioethics and has participated as a speaker in various conferences concerning the relationship between law, ethics and animals. She is author of many scientific publications on these subjects. The following is a selected list of her most recent contributions: The relationship between Humans and other animals in European animal welfare legislation; Xenotransplantation and Human Rights; An overview of the role of society and risk in xenotransplantation (with Maria Jorquì); translation from American to Italian of the Melanie Joy book Why we love dogs, eat pigs and wear cows (with Alma Massaro); Translation from American to Italian of the Peter Singer book: The most good you can do. How effective altruism is changing ideas about living ethically; and  Gli animali da produzione alimentare come esseri senzienti: considerazioni giuridiche e veterinarie (with Michela Pettorali).

Professor Kristen Stilt, JD, PhD

is a Professor of Law at Harvard Law School.  She also serves as Faculty Director of the Harvard Animal Law & Policy Program and Director of the Program on Law and Society in the Muslim World.  Stilt was named a Carnegie Scholar for her work on Constitutional Islam, and in 2013 she was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship.  She has also received awards from Fulbright and Fulbright-Hays.  She received a JD from The University of Texas School of Law and a PhD in History and Middle Eastern Studies from Harvard University.  Her research focuses on animal law, and in particular the intersection of animal law and religious law; Islamic law and society, and comparative constitutional law.  Representative publications include Islamic Law in Action (Oxford University Press, 2011); “Constitutional Innovation and Animal Protection in Egypt,” Law & Social Inquiry (2018); and “Law” in Critical Terms for Animal Studies, edited by Lori Gruen (University of Chicago Press, 2018). She is currently working on a new book project entitled Halal Animals: Food, Faith, and the Future of Planetary Health to be published by Oxford University Press and a Handbook of Global Animal Law with co-editors Anne Peters and Saskia Stucki.

Dr Katy Taylor, PhD

is Director of Science at Cruelty Free International . She also acts as Senior Science Advisor to the European Coalition to End Animal Experiments (ECEAE). Dr Taylor manages the scientific output of both organisations, ensuring their call to end animal testing is supported by sound scientific argument. She regularly represents the organisations at international regulatory fora, including the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris, the European Medicines Agency in London, and the European Chemicals Agency in Helsinki. She has a BSc in Zoology from the University of Sheffield (1998) and a PhD in veterinary behavioural epidemiology from De Montfort University, Leicester (2004). Dr Taylor is now one of Europe’s foremost experts on the scientific, legal and ethical issues regarding the use of animals in testing and the alternatives to it. She has written papers estimating the numbers of animals used in testing worldwide, critiquing the reporting of animal welfare in science papers, and discussing the use of alternatives to animal testing in the areas of cosmetics, neuroscience, drug development and chemicals testing.

Sister Lucille Claire Thibodeau, p.m., PhD

is a Sister of the Presentation of Mary, an international congregation of Roman Catholic women religious. She is Professor Emerita of English and Writer-in-Residence at Rivier University (NH, USA). She received her Ph.D. in Comparative Literature (English, French, and Medieval Latin literatures) from Harvard University (1990). She has been an invited contributor to Continuum (ed. Justus George Lawler) and to the Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (ed. David Noel Freedman).  A Fellow of the American Council on Education, she is a former President of Rivier University (1997-2001). Her biography of Rivier’s founder, Crucible and Charism, was published in 2009 by Hollis Publishing. More recently, having become aware of the plight of factory farmed animals, she has focused her research on ethical and theological questions raised by animal suffering. In 2017, she was invited as an expert signatory, one of 200 worldwide, to address an open letter on industrial animal farming to the Director-General of the World Health Organization. Her latest publication is “‘All Creation Groans’: The Lives of Factory Farmed Animals in the United States” in Ethical Vegetarianism and Veganism, ed. Andrew and Clair Linzey (Routledge, 2019). She recently co-authored a chapter on animal ethics for a textbook by Joseph M. Forte, PhD., entitled Moral Issues and Movies: An Introduction to Ethical Theories and Issues Through the Lens of Film (available for course adoption in 2021). In Spring 2020, she gave an upper-level undergraduate course, “Animals, Justice, and Responsibility,” the first such course to be offered at Rivier University. Her goal is to create an undergraduate concentration in Animal Studies. In concert with animal activists, she remains involved in legislative activity on behalf of animals. On a personal note, for 21 years she was a caregiver and legal, financial, and medical advocate for a severely brain-injured person. She has brought the same level of commitment to adopting and caring for rescue, stray, and feral cats suffering from a variety of life-threatening ailments.

David Thomas

is a UK lawyer and co-founder of Advocates for Animals, the UK’s first animal protection law firm He is also consultant to Cruelty Free International and has acted for most of the other leading animal protection organisations in the UK and others further afield, specialising in using the law to advance campaigning objectives. He was formerly a civil litigation partner in a West End firm and then legal officer to a family poverty charity. He is experienced in EU and international law and has taken many test cases against public bodies. He is a consultant to a leading human rights law firm. David also sits as a part-time judge, hearing cases about welfare benefits, freedom of information and occupational pensions. He has written and contributed to several books and published innumerable articles in a wide variety of publications, on law, ethics and campaigning (including an article about the ethics of animal experiments in the Journal of Medical Ethics). David has taught human rights law and public law, including a recent course on judicial review to senior Chinese judges. He has given many talks and taken parts in debates and media appearances and has given evidence to several parliamentary committees, a Royal Commission and the Burns Inquiry into Hunting. David is a former chair (and current trustee) of the RSPCA and has been a member of other boards, including Cruelty Free International, Compassion in World Farming and a street children charity. He was a member of the Law Society’s mental and health committee and the Government’s panel on funding of public interest cases, and of the advisory committee for Burma Campaign UK. Until recently he was a Samaritan.

Dr Natalie Thomas (Evans), PhD

is an Instructor in Philosophy and Media Studies at the University of Guelph and the University of Guelph-Humber in Ontario, Canada. She holds a Masters of Philosophy in Environmental Ethics, and a PhD from the University of Waterloo, where she focused on animal minds and animal ethics. Her areas of research include the representation of the animals in the media, animal minds, selfhood, self-awareness and autonomy, animals and environmental ethics, and the conception of animals in Western and non-Western philosophy. She has presented papers on these topics, and is currently writing two books on animals in the media and media ethics. She is also developing a course for the University of Guelph on animals in philosophy, and designs and teaches courses in applied ethics, with a focus on animals and environmental issues. She recently published Animal Ethics and the Autonomous Animal Self (2016) as part of the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Book Series.

Dr Sabrina Tonutti, PhD

is a Lecturer and a Researcher in Cultural Anthropology at the University of Udine, Italy. After a degree in Humanities at the University of Trieste, Italy, in 1996, she specialised in Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Padua, and received her PhD in 2006 for a dissertation on the anthropology of the animal rights movement. Her work was published in 2007 as Diritti Animali. Storia e antropologia di un movimento (Forum Ed.). Dr Tonutti is currently working at the Department of Economics, Society and Territory (University of Udine, Italy) and has carried out ethnographic research in Italy, Switzerland, and Great Britain. Her studies focus on human-animal relationships, new social movements (and particularly animal advocacy as a social and cultural phenomenon), biodiversity and local knowledge, anthropology of food, and epistemological reflections on the human-animal divide in anthropology. She is the author more than 30 articles and the following books: Water and Anthropology (EMI 2007); Manuale di zooantropologia (Meltemi, 2007, with R. Marchesini), and Animali magici (De Vecchi, 2000, with R. Marchesini).

Professor Joseph A. Tuminello, III, PhD

is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at McNeese State University in Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA. Joey is currently teaching courses in ethical theory and biomedical ethics, and his research examines the intersection of animal, food, and environmental ethics through the lenses of hermeneutics, pragmatism, and Jainism. He recently published a book chapter entitled “Jainism: Animals and the Ethics of Intervention” in the Routledge Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection (eds. Andrew Linzey and Clair Linzey, 2018). Beyond academia, Joey is also a Program Coordinator for the nonprofit organization Farm Forward, where his lead project has been an annual webinar event featuring Jonathan Safran Foer, author of Eating Animals.

Dr Elizabeth Tyson, PhD

is Director of the Born Free USA Primate Sanctuary in Texas, U.S.A., where over 500 individual non-human primates are cared for following rescue or re-homing from the pet trade, zoos or vivisection. Elizabeth was awarded her PhD in Animal Law from the University of Essex, United Kingdom, in 2018 just prior to relocating to the U.S. to take up her current role. Her doctoral research addressed the efficacy of regulatory licensing regimes as a means of protecting animals in captivity, particularly in zoos, in the U.K. She has worked for over fifteen years in the NGO sector, focusing in large part on the conservation and care of non-human primates and as a campaigner on issues surrounding the captivity of non-domesticated animals. Her publications include: “Speciesism and Zoos: Shifting the Paradigm, Maintaining the Prejudice” in The Palgrave Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), “The Harms of Captivity within Laboratories and Afterward” in the The Ethical Case Against Animal Experiments (University of Illinois Press, 2018),  “Making It Up As They Go Along: Marius and the Zoo Industry’s Inconsistent Approach to Self-Regulation”, Journal of Animal Welfare Law, March 2014; “For An End to Pinioning: The Case Against the Legal Mutilation of Birds”, Journal of Animal Ethics, Spring 2014, and “Regulating cruelty: The licensing of the use of wild animals in circuses”, Journal of Animal Welfare Law, January 2013.

Dr Kenneth Valpey, DPhil

also known as Krishna Kshetra Swami, is a fellow of the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies and the Dean of Studies at Bhaktivedanta College, Septon, Belgium.  As a practicing monk in the Chaitanya Vaishnava tradition of Krishna-bhakti, he has been engaged since 1972 in the study and teaching of Indic cultural and religious ideas and practices (including teaching at the University of Florida and Chinese University of Hong Kong), with an emphasis on comparative-integrative understanding of dharmic traditions and a concern to relate these with contemporary cultures. After completing his DPhil at the University of Oxford with a study of Vaishnava temple liturgical practices and theology (published by Routledge in 2006 as Attending Kṛṣṇa’s Image: Caitanya Vaiṣṇava Mūrti-sevā As Devotional Truth), he has been participating in an extended study of the classical Sanskrit text, the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, of which he is presently completing an abridged translation for Columbia University Press (together with Ravi M. Gupta). Drawing on classical Indic sources, he has written and lectured on concepts of nonviolence and the containment of violence through ritual, and on the application of yoga principles and practices to thought on animal-human relations. In forthcoming work, he seeks to foster and participate in animal studies that draw upon and nourish Indic dharma traditions, including explorations of constructive thought on animal ethics for contemporary Hindu communities.

Professor Thomas I. White, PhD

is the Conrad N. Hilton Professor in Business Ethics and Director of the Centre for Ethics and Business at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California. Professor White received his doctorate in philosophy from Columbia University and taught at Upsala College (1976-89) and Rider University (1989-94) in New Jersey before moving to California in 1994. His publications include five books: Right and Wrong (Prentice Hall, 1988), Discovering Philosophy (Prentice Hall, 1991), Business Ethics (Macmillan, 1993), Men and Women at Work (Career Press, 1994), and In Defense of Dolphins (Blackwell 2007), and numerous articles on topics ranging from sixteenth-century Renaissance humanism to business ethics. For the first twenty years of his career, Professor White specialised in the moral, social and political thought of Sir Thomas More. Since then, he has concentrated on contemporary applied ethics. His most recent research has focused on the philosophical implications – especially the ethical implications – of the scientific research on dolphins. His book on this topic (In Defense of Dolphins: The New Moral Frontier) addresses the ethical issues connected with human/dolphin interaction – in particular, the deaths and injuries of dolphins in connection with the human fishing industry and the captivity of dolphins in the entertainment industry. The book argues that dolphins should be considered nonhuman persons and that the current state of dolphin/human interaction is ethically indefensible. He is currently studying the parallels between defences of slavery two hundred years ago and contemporary defences of the deaths, injuries and captivity of dolphins at the hands of humans. Professor White is a Scientific Adviser to the Wild Dolphin Project, a research organisation studying a community of Atlantic spotted dolphins in the Bahamas. He is also an Ambassador of the United Nations’ Year of the Dolphin programme. He was the 2007 Verizon Visiting Professor of Business, Ethics and Information Technology at the Centre for Business Ethics at Bentley College in Waltham, Massachusetts.

The Revd Dr Cassandra Carkuff Williams, EdD

serves as National Coordinator, Discipleship Resource Development for National Ministries, American Baptist Churches, USA. Dr Williams has worked in Christian educational development since 1998. She is interested in the processes by which persons are moved to change long-held beliefs and long-standing practices. She received her EdD from Union Theological Seminary/Presbyterian School of Christian Education in Richmond, Virginia. In her doctoral dissertation, ‘Andrew Linzey’s Animal Theology and the Educational Ministry of the Christian Church: Guidelines for Educating Toward Transformation of the Human/Animal Relationship’, she sought to draw insights from Linzey’s writings and place them alongside the work of transformational educational theorists to outline an effective teaching approach for potentially controversial topics. A second area of interest lies in the development of a creation/creature theology that integrates the biblical witness and bridges the gap between environmentalists and animal proponents. Her publications include: Children Among Us: Foundations in Children’s Ministries, (ed), Louisville: Witherspoon Press, 2003; Children, Poverty, and the Bible, Valley Forge: National Ministries Communications, 2006; ‘Introduction for Parents and Leaders’, Tobee and the Amazing Bird Choir, Louisville: Bridge Resources, 1999; Left Behind: The Facts Behind the Fiction Companion Guide (Valley Forge: Judson Press, 2006); ‘Liberating the Enlightenment: How a Transformed Relationship with Animals Can Help Us Transcend Modernity’, Religious Education, Vol. 98, Winter 2003, 95–107; ‘Please, Don’t Call Me a Vegetarian’, Horizons, Summer 2000, and ‘Sunday School Lessons’, Christian Citizen: Voices for Biblical Justice, Vol. 2, 2004.

Steven M. Wise, JD

is President of the Nonhuman Rights Project, the mission of which is to attain fundamental legal rights for at least some nonhuman animals through litigation and legislation in the United States and throughout the world. He received a BS in Chemistry from the College of William and Mary and a JD from the Boston University School, of Law. He teaches “Animal Rights Jurisprudence” at the Vermont Law School and the Lewis and Clark Law School in the United States, and at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. He has taught “Animal Rights Law” at the Harvard University, University of Miami, St. Thomas and John Marshall Law Schools. He is the author of four books: Rattling the CageToward Legal Rights for Animals (Perseus Books, 2000); Drawing the Line – Science and the Case for Animal Rights (Perseus Books, 2003) Though the Heavens May Fall – The Landmark Trial That Led to the End of Human Slavery (Da Capo Press, 2005), and An American Trilogy – Death, Slavery, and Dominion Along the Banks of the Cape Fear River (Da Capo Press, 2009), as well as numerous law review articles, popular articles, and book reviews. His work is the subject of the Hegedus and Pennebaker /HBO/BBC/ARTE France/VIPRO film, “Unlocking the Cage,” which premiered at the 2016 Sundance Film Festival.

Visiting Fellows:

2012, Dr Chris Danta

Lecturer in English, School of the Arts and Media, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

2009, Professor Eleonora Gullone

Associate Professor of Psychology, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.

Associate Fellows:

Dr Damiano Benvegnù, Dott. Ric., PhD

is a Lecturer at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire. His current research focuses on representations of animals and animality in modern literature, visual art, and philosophy. Benvegnù has published essays and articles on issues such as poetry produced in peripheral languages (particularly by multilingual and diglossic communities) and the interactions between aesthetics, history, and nature. He is currently completing a book project on the ethical and aesthetic value of literary animals in the work of the Jewish-Italian writer and Holocaust survivor Primo Levi.

Sidney Blankenship

is an independent scholar based in rural West Texas. He holds a BA magna cum laude from Abilene Christian College. After studying Divinity at the University of Edinburgh, he gained a further BA in Theology from the University of Oxford. He received the degree Magister in Artibus Universitatis Oxoniensis in 1974. Mr Blankenship is member of the Cherokee Tribe and is a Charter Member of the National Museum of the American Indian (Cherokee Tribe). In September, 2004, he participated in the inaugural procession on the Mall in Washington, D.C. with the Cherokee tribe at the Grand Opening of the National Museum of the American Indian. He has also supported the Archaeology Conservancy for Native American sites’ preservation, based in Albuquerque, New Mexico. His interest in Native American attitudes to animals led to him presenting on “Restoring Species to the Circle of Life in Native America” at the Summer School of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics in 2014, a paper that will be published in the Handbook of Religion and Animal Protection. In addition, he has undertaken ongoing research on animals in the Bible and his The Animals of Deuteronomy 14 and Leviticus 11 is being readied for publication. This work has been undertaken concurrently with research for the first Concordance of Biblical Animals. The focus is on literary analysis, history and identity in translation, with ethical perspectives related to the New Testament. Mr Blankenship is a member of the Society of Biblical Literature and has sought to introduce a Programme Unit on Animal References in the Bible and Related Literature. He is also a member of the Biblical Archaeology Society, and the American Academy of Religion, primarily with interests in Native American, environmental, and animal issues.

Dr Adam J. Bridgen, DPhil

was recently awarded a DPhil in English Literature from Oxford University, for his landmark exploration of the significance of transatlantic slavery in British labouring-class writing during the long eighteenth century. An interdisciplinary scholar, he seeks to complicate and enrich existing histories of empire, environment, and animal ethics by considering forms of writing not traditionally given attention in academic scholarship. His research on ‘shoemaker-poet’ James Woodhouse (1735-1820) has been published in the Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 80, No. 1 (2017) and on their Verso blog, and his latest work on the incipient ecosocialism of labouring-class writing will appear in the collection Romantic Environmental Sensibility: Nature, Class, and Empire, edited by Ve-Yin Tee (Edinburgh University Press, forthcoming). His main contribution to the field of animal ethics concerns the vegetarian hat-maker and self-help writer Thomas Tryon (1634-1703): he has work forthcoming on Tryon’s theology of animal enslavement, as well as on his influential rejection of fur-wearing — for which he received the British Society of Eighteenth Century Studies Committee Award — and is currently working on a book-length study of Tryon aimed at a popular readership. He was President of the Oxford University Society Animal Ethics Society from 2014-15, and contributed to the development of the pioneering 2016 ‘Veggie Norrington Table’.

The Revd Jennifer Brown

is Tutor for the Cuddesdon School of Theology and Ministry (CSTM) at Ripon College Cuddesdon, Oxford. As Tutor, she oversees the CSTM programme and teaches a variety of subjects, including liturgy, psychology of religion, and ethics. She completed her Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology at George Mason University in the U.S.A., and her MA in the Psychology of Religion at Heythrop College, University of London. The portion of her MA thesis relating to animal welfare, A psychological approach to contradictions between Christian teaching and attitudes towards animals  was presented at the 2011 conference of the British Association of Social Anthropology. Jennifer trained for the Church of England ministry on the St Albans and Oxford Ministry Course and was ordained in the Church of England in 2005. She was formerly Chaplain to Jesus College, Oxford.  Her review of Trevor Beeson’s The Church’s Other Half: Women’s Ministry appeared in Theology in 2012. She is a Committee Member of the Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals and editor of their magazine, Animalwatch.

Dr Samantha Calvert, PhD

has recently been awarded a PhD by the University of Birmingham for her thesis on Christianity and vegetarianism 1809 – 2009.  Her publications include “A Taste of Eden: Modern Christianity and Vegetarianism”, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 58, No. 3, July 2007, and “‘Ours is the Food that Eden Knew’: Themes in the Theology and Practice of Modern Christian Vegetarians”, Eating and Believing, Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Vegetarianism and Theology, edited by Rachel Muers and David Grumett, T. & T. Clark, 2008. Encyclopedia entries include: “The Internet” in the Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism, edited by Margaret Paskar-Pasewicz, ABC-CLIO, 2011, “Vegetarianism in Britain and America” in the Global Guide to Animal Protection, edited by Andrew Linzey, University of Illinois Press, 2013, and “Vegetarianism” in the Encyclopedia of Bioethics , fourth edition, Macmillan, forthcoming. She is a member of the academic advisory board of the Christian Vegetarian Association U.K. (CVAUK).  Sam is currently working on a new edited edition of one of the earliest vegetarian domestic manuals Vegetarian Cookery by A Lady (Martha Brotherton) for Manchester University Press.  Samantha has worked in communications for both the Vegetarian and Vegan Societies (UK).

Professor Lauren Corman, PhD

is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario. She teaches classes in the area of Critical Animal Studies, which engages an intersectional approach to “the question of the animal.” As such, Dr Corman’s interdisciplinary scholarship draws on animal rights/liberation, posthumanist, feminist, critical race, labour and environmental theories and practices. Much of her graduate work focused on an analysis of Canadian and U.S. slaughterhouses, with emphasis on the industrialized exploitation of pigs. Her doctoral dissertation, The Ventriloquist’s Burden? Animals, Voice, and Politics analysed voice and its relationship to nonhuman animal subjectivities. This project was inspired in part through her many years as the host and producer of the weekly animal issues radio program, “Animal Voices”, on CIUT 89. FM in Toronto. Her current research interests include animal agency and resistance, theories of abjection, and coalition-building among social justice movements. Dr Corman has been interviewed for Satya, Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, and Striking at the Roots: A Practical Guide to Animal Activism. She was the guest editor for “Animal,” a unique issue of Undercurrents: Journal of Critical Environmental Studies in 2008. Her publications include: “Impossible Subjects: The Figure of the Animal in Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed”, Journal of Environmental Education, 16, 29-45, 2011, and  “Getting Their Hands Dirty: Raccoons, Freegans, and ‘Urban Trash'”, Journal for Critical Animal Studies, LX, 3, 28-61, 2011.

Carol Craven

is a doctoral candidate in the Humanities Program at Salve Regina University in Newport, Rhode Island.  She holds a CAGS degree in the Humanities from Salve Regina University, a Master of Education degree from Rhode Island College, and a Bachelor of Arts degree from the School of Management at Boston College in Massachusetts.  She received her certification as a Director/Supervisor of Curriculum Development from the University of Massachusetts – Boston (BSC).  Carol has taught at the elementary, secondary and university levels, the latter at Salve Regina University and most recently at Johnson and Wales University, in the areas of Public Speaking, English, and English as a Second Language. Having spent three years teaching in Nairobi, Kenya at St. Mary’s School (a member of the Conference of British Public Schools), Carol’s life-long interest in animals expanded into the area of ‘wildlife’ conservation.  Her dissertation will involve an exploration of past and present ‘wildlife’ conservation programs in East Africa, focusing on their ethical, religious and philosophical perspectives.  Carol is a member of the Defenders of Animals organisation, which is committed to the defense of the rights of both companion animals and ‘wildlife’ through education and legislative action.   She has testified before the Rhode Island Senate regarding bills which advance the ethical treatment of companion animals.  She also works with several animal rescue groups, involving the placement of domestic animals and the legislative action necessary for their well-being and protection.

Elizabeth Dale

is a student in the Master of Divinity course at the University of Divinity in Melbourne. She is an aspiring animal theologian and is part-way through a doctoral thesis titled “A Theology of Animal Beauty”. Elizabeth has qualifications in biological science, arts, and education, and has a First Class Honours degree in English Literature from the University of Queensland.  Elizabeth’s specific scholarly interests are animal theology; the place and treatment of non-human animals in varying religious traditions; changing understandings of animals across cultures and historical periods; the representation of animals in poetry, film, fine art; and the aesthetics of animals. She is the author of “Ecological Asceticism: Saint Basil the Great in Conversation with John Zizioulas”, in Tjurunga: An Australasian Benedictine Review 84 (Easter 2014), pp. 42-53. Elizabeth’s main advocacy concerns are live animal export; ethical food production; animals as “raw materials” and experimental subjects; animal abuse and neglect. She is a member of the Australian Animal Studies Group and the Animals and Society Institute.

Sally Davis

is a barrister and a PhD research student within the School of Social Science and Public Policy at King’s College, London. She was called to the Bar and practised in family law before becoming a Senior Policy Adviser to the Minister of Justice. Additionally she advised the Official Solicitor on Court of Protection matters and led the introduction of a section of The Access to Justice Act. She voluntarily served for fifteen years in public health as a non-executive Director of an NHS Health Authority and member of the Research Ethics Committee. She also sat on an Independent Mental Health Enquiry and worked closely with the HFT charity for the learning disabled.  Sally recently completed a Masters Degree in Human Values and Global Ethics at King’s College, London, where she became interested in animal ethics.  She was an adviser to the Institute of Global Ethics and a Trustee of the Ethox Foundation. Her current PhD research aims to use her experience to investigate how public policy might better reflect the moral status of animals and includes interviews with global leaders and decision makers. She is particularly interested in the wider probability that our treatment of animals may reflect our attitude to each other and the environment. She is especially concerned to show that our relationship with animals is of such fundamental importance that it must be underpinned with global policy. She is a member of Chatham House, London.

Dr Lydia de Tienda, PhD

is currently a JSPS postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Philosophy at Hokkaido University. She graduated both in Philosophy and Law and received her PhD in Philosophy from the University of Valencia. Her doctoral dissertation focused on Martha Nussbaum’s thought and the Capabilities Approach. She has published various articles in peer-reviewed journals and book chapters in academic books, including ‘How to evaluate Justice?’ and ‘La noción plural de sujeto de justicia’ and presented papers at international conferences as University of Tübingen, Hokkaido University, and Trento University/ Complutense University. Currently she is working on a research project on the correlations between capabilities, emotions and values. She is deeply interested in examining the epistemological role of compassion in relation to justice for especially vulnerable groups, in particular non-human animals.

Danielle Duffield

is a litigation lawyer and adjunct animal law lecturer. She has been involved in animal advocacy work in New Zealand, Europe, and the United States, including through policy projects, litigation, lecturing, academic work and movement building. She co-founded and served as president of New Zealand’s animal law advocacy organisation, the New Zealand Animal Law Association, and co-chairs the Farmed Animal Welfare Committee of the UK Centre for Animal Law. She has published articles on animal law in various law journals including the Animal Law Review, the New Zealand Universities Law Review, the New Zealand Law Journal, and the UK Journal of Animal Law. She has a Bachelor of Laws with First Class Honours and a Bachelor of Arts in Politics from the University of Otago in New Zealand, and a Master of Laws from Harvard Law School, where she was a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow.

Maximilian Padden Elder

has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, where he was the recipient of the Virgil C. Aldrich prize awarded for dedication to, and excellence in, the study of philosophy. He spent a year studying Philosophy and Animal Ethics at Mansfield College, Oxford University, and was also a Committee Member of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society. Max has worked as a policy analyst intern at the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) where he focused on the source of lion meat sold in the United States as well as noise pollution in the ocean and its effect on whale communication and migration. He has been an Existentialism teaching assistant for the Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth during the summers of 2012 and 2013. Max has reviewed Timothy Pachirat’s Every Twelve Seconds: Industrialized Slaughter and the Politics of Sight for the Journal of Animal Ethics, and is currently working on a paper on sentiency in fish and its moral implications.

Raffael N. Fasel

is a PhD candidate in Law at the University of Cambridge (Sidney Sussex College). His doctoral work engages with animal and human rights from the perspectives of intellectual history and legal theory. To conduct his research, he has spent time as a visiting researcher at the University of Oxford and at Harvard Law School. He received a Bachelor and a Master of Law degree from the University of Fribourg, an MA in Philosophy from University College London, and an LLM from Yale Law School. At Cambridge, he is co-founder and Executive Director of the Cambridge Centre for Animal Rights Law, teaches Animal Rights Law, and convenes the Talking Animals, Law & Philosophy talk series, which hosts leading thinkers in animal law and philosophy. His most recent publications in the field include ‘The Old “New” Dignitarianism’ (Res Publica, 2018), ‘“Simply in Virtue of Being Human”? A Critical Appraisal of a Human Rights Commonplace’ (Jurisprudence, 2018) and a special issue of the Global Journal of Animal Law on ‘Talking Animals, Law and Philosophy’ (2017). He also frequently blogs on issues relating to animal rights and is involved in practical projects that aim to improve the legal status of animals

Carl Tobias Frayne

is a PhD candidate in Divinity at St John’s College, Cambridge. He graduated first in philosophy with First Class Honours from the University of Melbourne and spent a year at St Peter’s College, Oxford, reading philosophy and theology. He holds a Master of Arts in Divinity from the University of Chicago, where he pursued his interest in philosophical and theological ethics, as well as ecclesiastical history. His recent academic work on non-human animals includes an article developing Schweitzer’s concept of reverence for life in and a comparative study of the place of creatures and creation in Islam and Christianity. He also wrote a brief history of abstinence from meat in the Christian tradition, which was published in the Journal of Animal Ethics (Fall 2016, 6(2)).

Samual A. Garner

is a Senior Bioethicist (contractor) in the Division of AIDS (DAIDS), the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States. Prior to coming to DAIDS in 2011, he was a health science policy analyst (contractor) in the Clinical Research Policy Analysis and Coordination (CRpac) Program, Office of Biotechnology Activities (OBA), Offices of Science Policy (OSP), NIH.  In addition to his work in human research ethics, he writes on our obligations to non-human animals, specifically in the areas of animal research ethics and animal agriculture. He received a bachelor’s degree in music performance from Connecticut College in 2007, with a minor in philosophy, and a master’s degree in bioethics from the University of Pennsylvania in 2009. His affiliation with the Oxford Centre represents his own views and not those of the NIH or any other part of the U.S. Federal Government.

Michael Glover

is a doctoral candidate at Leiden University in the Netherlands and the International Studies Group at the University of the Free State in South Africa. His primary academic focus is an emergent form of animal history that acknowledges animals as richly sentient and therefore worthy of historical investigation for their own sake. He is conducting research for a cattle-centred history of Southern Africa, focusing on 20th century colonialism’s effects on cattle. He has an Honours in Philosophy (Rhodes), a PGDip in Education Technology (Cape Town), and an MA in Economic History (Cape Town). He was a Mandela Rhodes scholar from 2013 to 2015. At the University of Cape Town he was on the Senate Animal Ethics Committee and the Faculty of Health Sciences Animal Ethics Committee. He has published internationally in open education, animal history, and animal ethics.  Relevant publications include ‘Animals off the menu: a racist proposal?’ in Animals, Race, and Multiculturalism edited byLuis Cordeiro-Rodrigues and Les Mitchell (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017) and ‘A cattle-centred history of Southern Africa?’ in Nature Conservation in Southern Africa Morality and Marginality: Towards Sentient Conservation edited by Harry Wels, Marja Spierenberg, and Jan-Bart Gewald (Brill Press, 2018). With Dr Les Mitchell (FOCAE) and others, Michael is a co-founder of the Cape Town Animal Conference.

Dr Alastair Harden, PhD

works at the Beazley Archive, University of Oxford. He is a graduate of Christ Church, Oxford, where he was awarded a first class BA in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History and an MSt in Classical Archaeology. As an undergraduate he received the Fell exhibition at Christ Church, and Oxford University’s Thomas Whitcombe Greene prize for Classical Art and Archaeology. After his BA he spent two years working for pioneering cosmetics company Lush. In 2013 he obtained a PhD in Classics at the University of Reading for a thesis on the iconography of animal skin garments in Archaic Greek art. While a PhD student he authored the chapter on Animals in Classical Art for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life (ed. Gordon Campbell) and completed the sourcebook Animals in the Classical World: Ethical Perspectives from Greek and Roman Texts for the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics series, published in 2013. His research interests include depictions of animals and half-animals in literature and art from the prehistoric era to the present day, particularly in regard to ethical responses to animal imagery. He hopes to pursue extensive research on the semantics of animal imagery in Classical art, particularly on animals and the articulation of power in Roman public art; he convened the panel The Art History of the Animal for the Association of Art Historians conference in April 2013. He was a founding member of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society, and has taught at the Universities of Oxford, Reading and Winchester.

Dr Lena Hehemann, PhD

was awarded a PhD from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, for her thesis on the authorization of animal experiments. Her thesis focused on the conflict between the priorities of animal protection and scientific freedom in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Her publications include, inter alia, “The administrative appeal in animal experimentation law” (Schweizerische Juristen-Zeitung 12/2012, 403, in German) and “The Protection of the Dignity of Laboratory Animals in Switzerland” (Global Journal of Animal Law, 6/2018). She received a Bachelor of Law from the Technical University of Dresden, and a LLM from Reykjavík, Iceland, in international environmental law and natural resources law. In her master thesis she analysed the role of the European Union in relation to the conservation of endangered shark species. Presently, Dr Hehemann is a scientific researcher for the Federal Office for the Environment in Switzerland. She also works as an independent researcher. She collaborates, among others, with the Swiss animal protection organisation “Tier im Recht”.

Dr Katie Javanaud, DPhil

is currently a Visiting Lecturer and Researcher in the Department of Religion at Princeton University, where she is also affiliated with the University Centre for Human Values. Her area of academic specialization is in Buddhist philosophy and ethics and she recently completed her DPhil in this field at the University of Oxford. However, Katie’s main interest has always been in animal ethics and from a young age she has been a passionate advocate of animal rights. Her publications appear in The Journal of Animal Ethics, The Journal of Buddhist Ethics and The Journal of Indian Philosophy as well as in popular philosophy outlets such as Philosophy Now and Aeon magazine. With her training in both Western and non-Western philosophy, Katie recognizes the importance of cultural sensitivity when engaging with core issues in animal ethics, but she firmly believes that a concern for truth and respect for sentient beings should guide our emerging discipline.

Rebecca Jenkins

is an academic and legal scholar interested in social justice, public policy and food policy as it relates to animals, people and our natural environment. She received her LL.B degree from Trinity College Dublin, and her LL.M in Animal Law from Lewis & Clark Law School where she received the animal law ambassador award. She has presented on intersectionally focused animal issues in publications such as the Animal Law Journal,  the Journal of Animal Ethics, Washington College of Law’s Sustainable Development Law & Policy Journal, and more. She has presented on intersectional animal issues across the U.S as well as in Mexico and the United Kingdom. 

Robert Patrick Stone Lazo

is currently working toward a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, and has spent the 2013-2014 at Mansfield College, Oxford, where he has studied Ancient Philosophy and Animal Ethics and received the Best Visiting Student award for Hilary Term. He was also a Committee Member of the Oxford University Animal Ethics Society in his time there and was the leader of the Clean Up Cruelty Campaign for Oxford Students for Animals (OSFA). He has written a forthcoming review of Alistair Holden’s Animals in the Classical World: Ethical Perspectives from Greek and Roman Texts for the Journal for Animal Ethics and will be presenting at the Oxford Summer School for Religion and Animal Protection on the role of Venus in the Roman poet Lucretius’ De Rerum Natura and her connection to animal ethics in the work. His interests include Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Neoplatonism, particularly with regard their views on animal ethics, the psychology behind the change from a meat-eating to a vegetarian or vegan diet, and American Transcendentalism and Pragmatism as they relate to the philosophy of natural science.

Dr Thomas Lepeltier, PhD

is a French independent scholar and science writer. After completing a PhD in Astrophysics, he oriented his research toward the history and philosophy of science, with a strong interest in scientific theories concerning, on the one hand, the history of life and, on the other hand, the universe. This led him to study respectively the theory of evolution and cosmological models. His main books on these topics are Darwin hérétique (Seuil, 2007), Univers parallèles (Seuil, 2010) and La Face cachée de l’univers (Seuil, 2014). While he was doing research on these subjects, he discovered animal ethics and opened up his specialist areas even further. In 2013, he published La Révolution végétarienne (Éditions Sciences Humaines, 2013), arguing that the evolution of our society should led it to ban animal products in order to be consistent with its own values. Of course, the idea encounters strong resistance, particularly in France. But in a more recent book, L’Imposture intellectuelle des carnivores (Max Milo, 2017), Thomas Lepeltier shows that the justifications for the consumption of animal products put forward by academics and journalists are nonsense. This does not mean he thinks that arguments used to defend animals are always correct. In particular, in a forthcoming paper, he criticizes the reliance on science as a foundation for vegan ethics:  “A critique of some appeals to science in animal ethics” in the Journal of Animal Ethics. In addition, convinced that the questions raised by animal ethics go beyond the consumption of animal products, he is currently studying animal suffering in the wild. In an article to be published in a book he has co-edited about antispeciesism, La Révolution antispéciste (Presses Universitaires de France, 2018), he even tries to find a solution to the problem of predation (“Faut-il sauver la gazelle du lion?”). Otherwise, when he is not trying to save non-human animals or to understand the cosmos, Thomas Lepeltier writes articles for French popular science magazines (mainly Sciences Humaines and La Recherche). His website is http://thomas.lepeltier.free.fr.

Hadas Marcus

teaches English for Academic Purposes at Tel Aviv University, Oranim Academic College of Education and the Ruppin Academic Center School of Marine Sciences. She has illustrated and written about animals for various publications, and her work was featured in the prestigious Leigh Yawkey Woodson Birds in Art exhibit in 1991. She earned her MA in Comparative Literature (contemporary Spanish, English and Hebrew) with honours at UCLA in 1981. Since then, she has focused on nature poets and authors straddling science and humanities, especially Pablo Neruda, Robinson Jeffers and Rachel Carson.  The majority of her endeavors involve animal welfare, environmental education, biology, and the arts; she places a strong emphasis on ecocritical studies and ecocinema, or literature, art and film with environmental themes.  She actively participates in a research forum on the Animal-Human Bond at the Tel Aviv University Porter School of Environmental Studies. Her publications include:  “The Early Origins of the Animal Rights Movement” in Who’s Talking Now? Multispecies Relations from Human and Animals’ Point of View (Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2015) and “An Ecocritical Approach to Cruelty in the Laboratory”, in the Journal of Animal Ethics (2016).

Dr Ryan Patrick McLaughlin, PhD

is visiting assistant professor in religious ethics at Siena College in Latham, NY. His recent publications include Christian Theology and the Status of Animals: The Dominant Tradition and Its Alternatives in the Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series (2014) and Preservation and Protest: Theological Foundations for an Eco-Eschatological Ethics (Fortress Press, 2014), as well as a number of articles.  Currently, he is working on a manuscript for Fortress Press on Christian theology and the origin of natural evil.  His central research interest is nonhuman theological ethics, however, he also has publications in the areas of interreligious dialogue and feminism.​

Nuria Menéndez de Llano

is a PhD Candidate in Animal Law at the University of Oviedo, Spain. Her main field of research is constitutional and criminal law enforcement of animal protection. She is a member of the research group on legal status of animals at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Her publications include, “Animales como víctimas sexuales”, El Diario, 2015, “La explotación sexual de los animales en el Código Penal Español”, Derecho Animal, 2015 and “Delito de maltrato animal: Empleado municipal mata a un gato con una pala. Comentario a la Sentencia 12/2015, de 12 de enero, del Juzgado de lo Penal nº 4 de Valladolid”, Derecho Animal, 2015. She is a pioneering animal lawyer, who founded the first Animal Law Firm in the region of Asturias, Spain. She has worked as a pro bono consultant with several Spanish animal rights charities. In 2012 she established the non-profit organisation Observatorio Justicia y Defensa Animal, which works for the enforcement of the animal law in Spain, prosecuting animal abuse, checking the legality of shows and festivals that use animals, and promoting the defense of animals and laws on animal protection.

Dr Mandy Mihelic, PhD

has a PhD in Psychology from the University of Queensland, Australia, awarded in 2016. Her dissertation focused on the transition to parenthood for first time parents. She has published a number of articles on parenting in international peer-reviewed journals and a book chapter entitled “A Handbook of Parenting and Child Development across the Lifespan”. Her current position as a researcher in Adelaide focuses on educational and vocational training and employment outcomes, including vocational training pathways for working with animals, such as veterinary nursing and animal grooming. She is deeply passionate about helping create positive changes for animals and as a member of the Australian Animal Justice Party, she helps political campaigns against issues such as animal life export, horse racing, duck hunting, and factory farming. She also presented a talk on human attitudes towards animal fur at the 2017 Animal Ethics Summer School. She is especially concerned about the greater public’s lack of awareness and care towards the experiences of animals that are abused for human consumption and entertainment, and hopes to change this with a compassionate approach in disseminating information to anyone who will listen.

Kelsi Nagy

is a doctoral candidate at the School of Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford. She has an MA in Philosophy from Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, and an MS in Anthrozoology from Canisius College, Buffalo, New York. She is an editor of the collection Trash Animals: How We Live with Nature’s Filthy, Feral, Invasive and Unwanted Species (University of Minnesota Press, 2013) that offers new perspectives on ethical engagement with so-called ‘pest’ species. Current research for her doctoral thesis focuses on street cattle welfare in India, which is an extension of her previous research on cattle welfare in various cultural contexts in different parts of the world. Some of this research on cattle welfare in Spain, India, Argentina, the United States and England can be read on the blog worldcowgirl.wordpress.com, which received a 2012 Culture and Animals Foundation grant. During the 2013-2014 school year she served as vice president of the Oxford University Animal Ethics society. Current writing interests combine critical animal studies with cultural geography.

Stephanie O’ Flynn

is a final year PhD candidate in the National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG). She holds a First-Class Honours Degree in Legal Studies with Business from Waterford Institute of Technology (WIT) and a Masters in Law from University College Cork (UCC). As part of her Masters, she completed a thesis entitled “Irish Animal Protection Laws” which motivated her to pursue a PhD on the granting of legal rights to animals. Her doctoral dissertation, “The Case for Animal Rights: Changing the Legal Paradigm for Animals,” involves an exploration of the current legal system of protection for animals and provides a case for the extension of legal rights. Her doctoral work combines her interest in law, theory, and animal welfare science. She is a holder of a Fellowship in Law from NUIG. She has presented her research in both the UK and Ireland and has also published aspects of her work. She has a keen interest in all areas of animal law including animal rights theory, EU and comparative animal protection law and WTO law and its impact on animal welfare.

Dr Violette Pouillard, DPhil

received her DPhil from the Free University of Brussels and the University of Lyon (Jean Moulin-Lyon III) in 2015. Her doctoral dissertation aims to reconsider the history of zoos by paying attention, from the early nineteenth century to the present times, to human gestures and practices, their influences on animals, and the dynamics (or the breakage of dynamics) between humans and zoo animals. She is currently a Wiener-Anspach Postdoctoral Fellow at the African Studies Centre of the University of Oxford and an academic visitor at St. Antony’s College. Her new research project concerns the (post)colonial management of wildlife in the Congo, Uganda and Kenya.  She is also a scientific collaborator at MMC, Free University of Brussels, and an associate researcher at LARHRA, University Jean Moulin-Lyon III. She has published several articles on the history of zoos and the colonial management of free-living animals in peer-reviewed journals (Revue historique, and Revue de synthèse) and she is currently in the process of completing a book based on her doctoral dissertation.

Carlos Frederico Ramos de Jesus

is a lawyer and PhD candidate in Law at São Paulo University, Brazil. His PhD thesis concerns the moral and legal status of animals.  He was awarded his Bachelor of Laws in 2004, and his Master of Laws in 2008, from São Paulo University. He participated in Yale Law School Linkages Program in 2003. In 2015 he founded a study group on animal ethics in São Paulo University Law School (Grupo de Estudos de Ética e Direito Animal – GEDA) which he currently coordinates.  In his masters degree, he focused on normative theory and human rights, especially  the liberal-egalitarian argument and his book John Rawls (Juruá, 2011) explores these themes. He has written papers on human rights, philosophy of law, private law and victims´ rights. His paper “A Rawlsian Case against Animal Experimentation” is forthcoming in The Ethical Case Against Animal Experimentation.

Frances Margaret Cecilia Robinson, MRCVS

graduated from the University of Glasgow Veterinary College in 1971 with a degree in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery. From 1971 to 1980 she worked in private veterinary practice in Glasgow, Epsom, and the Isle of Arran, and, from 1981 to 1986, she worked for the PDSA in Nottingham. In 1986 she moved to Cheshire, where she did occasional locum work in small animal practice. In 1989, she retired from practice. A heightened awareness of environmental problems – in particular, the loss of biodiversity and global animal welfare problems, the discovery of Peter Singer’s book Animal Liberation, and the exposé of some of the experiments which were being done on animals in the name of science predisposed to her returning to university in 1996. In 2000, she graduated with a BA in Philosophy and Environmental Management from the University of Keele. In 2001, she was awarded an MA in Values and the Environment from the University of Lancaster, with a dissertation entitled ‘The Relevance of Chaos to Environmental Ethics’. She returned to the University of Lancaster to research the relevance of the study of complex adaptive systems to environmental ethics – with particular focus on the epistemological basis for the use of animals in scientific experimentation. The study was multidisciplinary in nature, and she graduated with an MPhil in Philosophy in 2011. Her thesis was entitled ‘Animal Experimentation, Complexity and Animal Ethics’. She has presented at various institutions, including the University of Lancaster and at the Minding Animals Conference in Utrecht.

Dr Thomas Ryan, PhD

is a social worker who lives and works in country north-east Tasmania, Australia. He has spent most of his life in country communities, and animals have always been part and parcel of the wider Ryan household. In 1993 he graduated with a Bachelor of Social Work with First Class Honours degree from James Cook University in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. His honours thesis, the first in social work concerning animals, was entitled ‘The Widening Circle: Should Social Work Concern Itself with Nonhuman Animal Rights?’ In late 2006, he was awarded a PhD in social work by Edith Cowan University in Bunbury, Western Australia, with a doctoral thesis, the first in the discipline,  titled ‘Social Work, Independent Realities, and the Circle of Moral Considerability: Respect for Humans, Animals and the Natural World’.

Dr Ryan’s publications include Animals and Social Work: A Moral Introduction (2011),  and his edited Animals in Social Work: Why and How They Matter (2014), both published by Palgrave Macmillan as part of their Animal Ethics Book Series. He has also published ‘Social Work and Nonhuman Animal Rights’, Northern Radius,1(1), November 1993, and  a chapter in Environmental Social Work (Routledge, 2012). Dr Ryan’s doctoral theses and publications represent pioneering contributions to the discipline of social work; they present cogent arguments for the inclusion of animals within social work’s moral and conceptual frameworks, and articulate a revised social work code of ethics that has profound theoretical and practical consequences for the discipline and its practitioners.

Professor Carl Saucier-Bouffard

is a professor in the Department of Humanities at Dawson College in Montreal, Canada, where he teaches courses in environmental and animal ethics. He graduated with a BA (First Class Honours) in Political Science from McGill University in 2004. He won a British Chevening scholarship to the University of Oxford gaining an MPhil in Political Theory in 2007. His MPhil dissertation examined the different modes of political communication used by Peter Singer and Martin Luther King, Jr. in delineating the boundaries of the moral community. He subsequently completed a research internship at the Martin Luther King Jr., Research and Education Institute at Stanford University in 2008, where he provided research assistance for two of Professor Clayborne Carson’s publications. His main research interests are the moral status of non-human animals, and the social movements working towards the expansion of our sphere of moral consideration, including the animal rights movement. His most recent research has focused on the psychological conditions that are likely to make non-academics receptive to the demands of these social movements. For instance, he spent the summer of 2012 at Stanford University’s Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education (CCARE) in order to complete the Compassion Cultivation Training course and to study the effects of contemplative practices on compassionate behaviour. He is the author of an article on the legal rights of great apes for The Global Guide to Animal Protection (forthcoming from the University of Illinois Press). He was also involved with the political aspect of the animal rights movement during his stint as a House of Commons researcher in the United Kingdom in 2003, where he worked on behalf of Mrs Julie Morgan MP on an ultimately successful bill making it illegal to hunt with hounds. In his efforts to educate the public about the importance of making ethical food choices, he co-launched the Quebec Meatless Mondays campaign in 2010. He also regularly collaborates with the Montreal Vegetarian Association to organise public events and to publish online documents on issues relevant to animal ethics.

Bill Leon Smith

is pursuing his PhD in Early American and Atlantic History at the College of William and Mary. He also serves as an editorial apprentice at the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture. He earned his bachelor’s degree in history from Rider University, and has spent the last five years teaching World History at Burlington Township High School, in Burlington, New Jersey. His research focuses on the development and evolution of animal ethics in the Early Modern Atlantic World, with particular emphasis on the culture of sensibility and its concomitant model of moral masculinity. His latest publication ‘Animals made Americans Human: Sentient Creatures and the Creation of Early America’s Moral Sensibility,’ is due to be published by the Journal of Animal Ethics, Vol. 2, Fall 2012. He was also recently commissioned by The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia to write an essay on ‘Animal Protection’.

Dr Roxanne Grace Sperry, PhD

is a candidate for ordination with the United Church of Canada and is pursuing a Master of Divinity at the Atlantic School of Theology.  She is the founder of the International Association of Veterinary Chaplains.  Her passion is to develop Veterinary Chaplaincy on a global scale.  Her interest is in anthrozoological bereavement of the individual and how it is expressed in our culture and the impact on society as our planet is in crisis and we encounter an unprecedented loss of animal species.  Her work as a veterinary chaplain is to give voice to and sooth disenfranchised grief for those who grieve the loss of animal life.  She is also interested in providing psycho-spiritual care for animal rights activists as they suffer when they encounter the pain of the animals they work to protect.  She is an animal rights advocate that seeks to advance animal rights and welfare through psycho-spiritual interventions to transform the heart.

Rebecca Rose Stanton

is a third year PhD student at Northumbria University, Newcastle. Her thesis explores depictions of animals and animal abuse within children’s media, particularly Disney animations. It specifically focusses on theories of social acceptance, speciesism, anthropomorphism, the uncanny valley, and animal abuse. Prior to this, Rebecca obtained an MA in English Literature and a BA in Drama with English at Loughborough University. She focussed on animal rights issues during both her MA and BA dissertations. In addition to this, she is the creator and convenor of the ‘Animals and Animation’ group within the Society for Animation Studies. Furthermore, she is a member of the Vegan Society’s Researcher Network and Campaigner Network. She has written blog posts for both the Vegan Society and the Society for Animation Studies on animal rights issues. Rebecca proudly describes herself as a committed animal rights scholar, activist, and campaigner. She has been an active member of peaceful branches of the animal rights movement for all of her teenage and adult life. This has been through involvement with grassroots organizations, such as volunteering at local animal shelters, as well as national events, such as conferences and marches.

Dr Per-Anders Svärd, PhD

is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Humanities, Education, and Social Science at Örebro University, Sweden. A long-time animal rights advocate and social activist, he has been active in the Swedish animal rights movement since the mid-90s, and served as the President and Director of Animal Rights Sweden (Djurens Rätt), Sweden’s largest animal rights organization, between 2003 and 2007. His dissertation in Political Science explored the historical emergence of modern animal welfarist discourse in Swedish politics from the middle of  the nineteenth century to World War II. Footed in Marxist, post-Marxist, and psychoanalytical theory, his research interests centres on the reproduction of speciesist ideology in political discourses.

Akisha Townsend Eaton, JD, OFS

is Senior Policy and Legal Resource Adviser to World Animal Net, where she also serves as the organization’s  main representative at the United Nations.  An independent legislative consultant in the field of animal protection, she formerly served as Assistant Legislative Counsel to the Humane Society of the United States and Animal Welfare Fellow in the United States Senate (office of Senator Mary Landrieu, D-LA). Townsend received her Juris Doctorate from Georgetown Law and her Bachelor of Arts degree from Stanford University with distinction.  She currently serves as Diversity Subcommittee Chair of the Animal Law Committee within the American Bar Association’s Tort, Trial, and Insurance Practice Section, as was a former Student Vice- Chair of the same committee. Active in her faith community and interested in the extension of compassionate stewardship toward animals within ecology, she is a member of a local faith-based integrity of creation committee, and was named a 2012 Young Adult Eco-Justice Fellow by the National Council of Churches. Townsend formerly served as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Animal Law at Michigan State University College of Law, and her research has been published in the Journal of Animal Ethics, and The Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics (forthcoming).

The Revd Matthew J. Webber

is an ordained minister in the Presbyterian Church (USA) and is currently studying Philosophy at Colorado State University. Matthew holds a Master of Divinity from Princeton Theological Seminary and a Master of Theology from Calvin Theological Seminary. Matthew has served as pastor at churches in Holland, Michigan and Timnath, Colorado. After twelve years of serving as a minister in the Presbyterian Church (USA), Matthew has stepped out from behind the pulpit to once again continue his education full-time. His emphasis in both theological and philosophical study revolves around the ethical treatment of nonhuman animals, which has previously played an important role in Matthew’s ministry and service to the Church. Matthew lives in Colorado with his wife, Nicole, and their cat, Aurora.

Rory Wilson

read International Relations and Politics at the Universities of Sheffield and Hong Kong. After graduating with First Class honours he served two years as a government policy advisor in Whitehall, before pursuing a Masters in International Affairs at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. He wrote his thesis on “Crimes Against Non-Humanity: The Case of the African Elephant”, considering how acts of collective violence against non-human persons should be conceptualised. He developed his thesis into a paper that was presented at the 2018 Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics Sumer School. He has worked in both applied conservation and conservation policy in France, the UK, and South Africa, where he became a qualified member of the Field Guides Association of Southern Africa. He advises a number of small conservation charities and writes independently on conservation and animal ethics issues, with a special interest in the sometimes fraught relationship between wildlife conservation and animal welfare.

Dr Miriam A. Zemanova, PhD

pursued university degrees in ecology, biological conservation and natural resources management, and has received several prizes and honours. For her PhD in population genetics and community ecology she was awarded the Bernese Award for Environmental Research. During her studies, she became increasingly interested in animal ethics. She was the main organiser and grant-holder for the workshop “Animal Ethics and Law in Life Sciences” (www.animalethicsandlaw.ch) held at the University of Bern in 2016. She also published the article “More Training in Animal Ethics Needed for European Biologists” in the Bioscience journal in 2017. Dr Zemanova is currently a Research Fellow at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Basel, Switzerland. She is working on the topic of animal ethics and animal welfare in ecological research. Her goal is to develop, implement, and disseminate information on animal welfare, ethics, and non-invasive research alternatives.